Labor Studies Essays & Term Papers

117 total

Man's Place in a Labor-Driven Society In his book The Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith introduces a theory which attempts to figure out the definition of labor and its place in society. His concept of labor is divided into three main postulates. His first postulate states that basically, man's wants are unlimited. His second postulate states that man's goal is to make his labor more efficient. Finally, his third postulate states that this efficiency/division of labor results i

George Rusinak Graves Essay 9\16\99 The Managed Heart: Emotional Management vs. Emotional Labor Can a person’s heart be controlled? Do all people go have some form of emotional management or emotional labor in their lives? In the book, The Managed Heart, written by Arlie Hochschild , discusses the issues of emotional labor and emotional management. In the book, it describes the difference between the two issues and gives Hochschild’s opinion on those issues. The first issue is

Eric Wolfe 20 February 2001 SOC- 2010 Oral Essay #1 #13 Technology and Capitalist Control Harry Braverman The evolvement of technology from in the past to today has changed drastically. There are things that people used to do for jobs that they can not do because of the evolution of machinery. These machines do exactly the same thing as what the worker would do but in only half the time. These evolutions of technology are not just with machinery; it has also evolved in other areas

There were various policies of the state. One was the antitrust movement. Many americans feared the power of the tycoons monopolizing industries and violating fair competition. These companies charged their goods with whatever prices they wished. To curb these powers, an antirtust movement occured in the 1880s. Because the larger corporations operated across state lines, reformers turned to congress which responded by passing the Sherman antitrust act which means: "Every co

The plague held tremendous significance over wages, labor demand, and land values. The traditional view that the plague had a terrible effect on the economy has been greatly changed. Evidence from England states that the agrarian economy showed remarkable resilience. While the severity of the disease varied from region to region, it appears that most landlords enjoyed revenues near those of pre-plague years. By the early fifteenth century, seigneurial prosperity reached a medieval pea

The Massachusetts AFL-CIO has partnered with the Massachusetts Business Roundtable to examine the future role of workforce training and education programs in the Commonwealth. Co-chaired by Mass AFL-CIO President Joseph Faherty and MBR Chairman Robert Marini, the MBR/AFL-CIO Commission on Workforce Training held the first of three scheduled public hearings on Wednesday, April 22 at the Statehouse in Boston. "The issue of worker training is a critical one," Faherty said. "I hope th

The majority of Americans get up each morning and go to work in order to earn money. But what are the true motivators for working and where do they come from? How do wage rates and other forms of compensation affect the quantity of labor supplied to the market? This will point out how labor effects the economy. Each person working plays a role in society and production output. These are areas that need to be addressed when the supply of labor is being discussed. The motivation to work

When asked college students blame the poor for not being successful, this shows a great relationship between success and poverty. Naturally one would think if you are not successful how could you have money, and that s why I thought this part of the reading was boring. Also in the reading the fact that textbooks don t discuss certain occurrences throughout history, such as labor issues. For example, the exporting of jobs over seas. And with not discussing recent issues of labor, it is tho

The industrial revolution led to many problems for workers. These problems lead to the development of Labor Unions. Workers had many problems that they wanted to change. They worked for a lot of hours for little pay; the workers campaigned for a 10-hour working day. Their working conditions were hazardous to their health. The workers could not solve these problems individually; they needed to become organized and unite. Some unions were developed. One major Union was the Knights of Labor. T

Adam Smith, (1776), of the division of labor According to Adam Smith, economic growth is rooted in the increasing division of labor and the specialization of the labor force by the breaking down of large jobs into many little ones. Under this regime, each worker becomes an expert in one area of production and workers do not have to switch tasks during the day. This will increase efficiency by saving time and money. Smith illustrates his theory very well with an example of the product

Persuasive essay AFL - CIO Working people need representation so that the jobs we work everyday are productive for us. We find this representation in the form of unions. The AFL - CIO is an organized group that we can turn to, in search of this representation. The AFL - CIO is the biggest labor union in the United States. This American Federation of Labor is a formal group because, it has different positions such as president, vice - president, secretary, and treasure

Child Labor, is a term used to represent the employment of minors generally, especially in work that may interfere with their education or endanger their health. Throughout the ages and in all cultures children joined with their parents to work in the fields, in the marketplace, and around the home as soon as they were old enough to perform simple tasks. The use of child labor was not regarded a social problem until the introduction of the factory system. During the late 18th century

In light of the limits that have been placed on this answer I will only focus my comments on the demand for labor and on the other hand the supply of labor. First the demand for labor. This is to me by far the most interesting aspect of the course. Labor demand is derived from the firms desire to maximize profits. This is a basic assumption of labor demand. Will the firms continually try to make changes that will improve the profitability of the firm? We assume that yes they will. Fir

Golda Meir was born in 3.5.1898 in Kiev, Russia. She moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin with her family in 1906, there, she graduated from teachers' college and taught in the public schools. In 1915, she joined the Labor Zionist Party. In 1917, she married Morris Meyerson and they moved to Tel Aviv in 1921. Later they became the proud parents of Sarah and Menachem. In March 7th, 1969, Golda Meir was nominated by the Labor Party to be Prime Minister of Israel. She was Minister of Labo

The causes for women to cease menstration is because egg cells are encased in structures called follicles, which ruptures, allowing to release an egg, but if she does not start menstrating then it will still secrete progesterone. By the third mnth of pregnancy the lining of the placenta takes place. The next signs show is the fullness and tenderness of breasts. estrogen and progesterone are responsible for changes like milk ducts, and your breasts will increase in size. In the early mon

Labor Unions Essay Labor unions have been in existence since the late 1800 s, but even before then, workers in the United States have taken their own methods to take care of themselves, their fellow workers, and their rights. An example of early actions taken is how printers in New York joined forces to demand higher pay. Although the government has acted to protect the right of worker in the last few decades, it wasn t always enough. Because of the lack of help given, labor unions were fo

Slavery has long been a problem in the U.S. People would say America is the land of the free, always has been, not so. Slavery first began in America with people who were usually immigrants named indentured servants. These "indentured servants" could earn their freedom, however labor was long and difficult. Later on, when the agriculture of America began to increase, more servants were needed, and this is when the slave trade really began to set in. Cotton plantations and other agricultural o

The most important factor that influences the social organization of the Turkana is their environment. The wet season is a major factor in the Turkana social organization. Because there is less concerns about the animals and water supply, more time is devoted to social interaction. This is a time where stock friends form, which are the most important types of relationships in Turkana life. The wet season is when social life is at its peak. Draughts are another type of environmental factor w

Labor Unions Since the foundation of the American Federation of Labor(AFL) in 1886, most unions in the United States have displayed a pragmatic out look, largely compatible with that of business. The general purpose of unions has been to protect and advance the well being of workers, while that of business has been to promote the interests of stockholders. Higher wages and higher profits are compatible over the long run in a growing economy. Conflict does arise, however, from the fact that in

By definition, child labor is described as any economic exploitation or work that is likely to be hazardous, or interferes with the child s education, or is harmful to the child s health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral, or social development. Although this is clearly stated in Article 32 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which was started by UN in the 1920's, it is often ignored in the developing world where child labor has become a growing issue. The United Nations, aw

For many political theorists and thinkers, the ideas of labor and property are central to the evolution of governments or states, and henceforth, very important aspects of human life. For some writers, the development of property is a direct result of labor, and government is set up to ensure the property rights of those who own property. Some view property and labor fundamentally or naturally connected aspects of human life, while others see it as merely a social convention. Each thinker a

My opinion is that child labor was one of the most terrible acts in the 1800 s. I am sure that there were more than enough adults to take care of the jobs that small child had to do. I think that child labor sick and twisted and anyone who believes in it should not be considered human. In these textile industries most of the workers were under 10 and were paid little if any. If I lived in a society that let little children work I would have fought it a the start. Some of these children died or

What is the cause of the recent revival in the Italian labor unions? In the past five decades, Italian labor unions have been like a Ping Pong ball, bouncing from weak and divided to strong and united. Membership has also been increasing and decreasing as the unity and strength have been fluctuating. Over the past ten years, Italian unions have experienced a remarkable resurgence. After more than a decade of declining political power, membership loss, and significant inter- and intra-unio

This article, in the Journal of Economic History, Asher explains the differences in efficiency between the American and British textile industries. This has been a highly debated topic with many economists weighing in. In Asher’s analysis, he uses a very empirical approach, rather then trying to explain differences in data with a sociological approach as other economists have. Asher begins by explaining the leading theory in manufacturing efficiency that Rothbarth and Habakkuk de

Labor Unions Since the foundation of the American Federation of Labor(AFL) in 1886, most unions in the united States have displayed a pragmatic out look, largely compatible with that of business. The general purpose of unions has been to protect and advance the well being of workers, while that of business has been to promote the interests of stockholders. Higher wages and higher profits are compatible over the long run in a growing economy. Conflict does arise, however, from the

Slavery was caused by economic factors of the English settlers in the late 17th century. Colonists continually tried to allure laborers to the colony. The head right system was to give the indentured servant, a method of becoming independent after a number of years of service. Slavery was caused by economic reasons. Colonists chiefly relied on Indentured Servitude, in order to facilitate their need for labor. The decreasing population combined with a need for a labor force, led coloni

Child Labor in Pakistan Ryan Eagleton November 6, 1999 & John Hammer Child labor is a byproduct of the industrial revolution and was used mainly because Child Labor is a cheap labor force, and because of the child size they could get into places where adults could not. During the late 18th, through the 19th century there has been a visible effort to eliminate child labor. Unfortunately most of the developing countries do not follow the child labor laws because they need the labor f

Economic View of Slavery- Slavery was caused by economic factors of the english settlers in the late 17th century. Colonists continually tried to allure laborers to the colony. The headright system was to give the indentured servant, a method of becoming independent after a number of years of service. Slavery was caused by economic reasons. Colonists chiefly relied on Indentured Servitude, inorder to facilitate their need for labor. The decreasing population combined with a need fo

Before the Civil war most blacks were considered slaves. As slaves they had no personal rights. After the war, a lot of things changed for the blacks. The process, which helped these blacks to gain rights, was called Reconstruction. During the time of Reconstruction a freeman’s life changed dramatically. One thing that changed was blacks social lives. Since blacks were now free, they were able to do and go as they please. They were able to travel and find friends and family, whi

Is Welfare in Keeping with the Norms of Social Justice? In order to answer this question we must first begin with the starting point of all Catholic Social Teaching; the dignity of the human person. All social action, and activities, between individuals, lesser organizations, and the governing body must seek the common good of all society and of the individual person. The common good is that objective moral standard which takes into account the whole of man and woman in their materia

HIGH TECH COMPANIES SEEK TO HIRE MORE FOREIGN WORKERS Milwaukee Journal Business Section February 13, 2000 High technology companies that are asking congress to allow more foreigners to fill the labor shortage of skilled labor. Every year approximately 100,000 jobs for educated workers in the high-tech. industry are created. Currently there are 115,000 foreigners working in the United States with 6-year visas. These workers are college educated and some are paid over $60,000 per yea

The term unemployment means to be without a job but actively looking for one. Throughout the years the unemployment rate has fluctuated, this was caused by the changes in aggregate demand for the final product. There are three types of unemployment, frictional, structural, and deficient demand. These types of unemployment and the unemployment rate in general have varying effects on gender and races. Unemployment causes problems for the economy with loses to production, but it also provide

The accumulation of capital and the division of labor are what Adam Smith believed to be the driving forces of economic growth in any nation. Smith found that when the division of labor had broken down the production of almost any commodity into a series of simple operations it was more natural for tools and machinery to be invented that replace hand labor and expedite the entire production process, thereby increasing worker productivity. This increased productivity combines with the gr

AFL - CIOWorking people need representation so that the jobs we work everydayare productive for us. We find this representation in the form of unions. TheAFL - CIO is an organized group that we can turn to, in search of thisrepresentation. The AFL - CIO is the biggest labor union in the United States.This American Federation of Labor is a formal group because, it has differentpositions such as president, vice - president, secretary, and treasurer. The AFL - CIO utilizes lobbyists and h

What were the impacts of child labor? Late in the eighteenth century, as the first textile mills were being built, one of the earliest factories employed nine children less then twelve years old. A decade later that same factory had more then 100 children whose ages ranged between four and ten, working in it. The shocking practice of putting young boys and girls in factories was not universaly frowned upon. The nation’s first Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, strongly su

This article is an attempt to examine the numbers of unemployment in the United States more closely. It contends that the Bureau of Labor Statistics misrepresents the percentage rate of unemployment in the United States in its monthly surveys. The definition to unemployment given by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the article is as follows: “People who had no employment during the reference week and that were available for work at the time, they made efforts to find employment

The Industrial Revolution of England in the late 19th century brought many sweeping changes along with it. The most radical change brought on by the Industrial Revolution was the installment of a free public school system. In an article written by Christopher Argyle (a scholar on the Industrial Revolution in England) he states the creation of the public school was a response to abuse of children in the workforce during the Industrial Revolution. Argyle believe that the creation of a pub

John Kerrington Economics 330 Reaction Paper #3 Reaction Paper # 3 is based on the Article, “Labor Economics and Labor Relations”, by Loyd Reynolds, Stanley Masters, & Colletta Moser. This article offers a number of economical viewpoints, which although justifiable and scientifically proven, are still subject to debate. The first disagreeable point made by the author’s was their belief that an employee seeks an overall “employment package”, apart from wage, in determinin

Eva Duarte de Perón Eva Duarte de Perón, better know as Evita, was born in 1919. Evita went on to become a powerful Argentine political leader. She was the wife of Juan Perón, whom she married in 1945; she virtually co-governed the country during his first six years as president. A minor actress before she met Perón, Evita, became active in politics and helped organize the mass demonstration of workers that secured his release in October of 1945 from prison. After Perón became p

Labor Unions A labor union is as defined in the dictionary, an organization of wage earners formed for the purpose of serving the members' interests with respect to wages and working conditions. Today there are about 16 million workers in the U.S. that belong to a labor union. The pressure upon the employers to raise wages and improve working conditions in a major goal of the labor unions. Labor unions have been around for a long time. The earlier unions were called craft unions, c

Labor If we’re going to explain why some people earn a great deal of income while others earn very little, we must consider both the supply and the demand for labor. We usually ask ourselves why does the average college graduate earn over $40,000 while the average high school graduate earn less than $25,000? To find answers to these questions we must examine the behavior of labor markets. We first must start by looking at supply of labor, which is the willingness and ability to

Economy is a very crucial topic in every country of the world. Economy plays a major role in people's lives, because it's a part of their will being. Thee major factors of the economy of its production are land, labor, and capital, which are all very closely interdependent with each other. Looking at the first factor of production "land", we see that land gives us food, money, place to live and enjoy our lives. For example, the family farm (Project#6) is still a very important part of

The past or current tendency of unionizing or not, is the proof of the diversity of our working environment. Some factors are therefore influencing or refraining workers from joining an union: 1) Positive Factors: • Strong craft unions: unions such as IGMETAL, are achieving job-related goals, since they benefit from substantial memberships. Therefore, they are able to defend crafts’ demands. • Work force ’s protection: in a competitive context, employers are prone to implem

The first half of Charles A. Scontras’ “Organized Labor in Maine: Twentieth Century Origins” highlights the development of unions in Maine at the turn of the twentieth century. Unions were battling to survive amid various obstacles, including a depression, resistance by employers and slow acceptance by workers. The depression of the 1890’s had a negative effect on the newly forming unionized state of Maine. A sharp reduction in the work force led to membership plummeting. M

In general, the Right to Work Laws provide that do not have to belong to a labor union to get or keep a job, and no person can be denied a job because he or she belongs to a labor union. Twenty-one states have such laws, these states are: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, and Wyoming. In all of these states, unions, which gen

Unionism, Bad for America Unionism is the concept that traditionally business, especially big businesses are inherently going to exploit their employees. Therefore, in order to protect themselves, the workers form organizations called unions, in which all laborers who work at a certain craft, or in a certain industry band together. By this process of “joining forces”, the unions gain power in numbers. Unions traditionally try to protect employee interests by negotiating with employ

Trade UnionTrade unions can be defined as: the various labor organizations in the UnitedStates, each of which serves to consolidate, represent, and protect the rights of workers ina specific occupation or trade. They can be dated back to as early as the twelfth centurywhen craft guilds were formed. These craft guilds only included in their membershipthose who practiced a particular craft, so there were many guilds at this time. Laborunions stayed this way for the next few centuries, until

Labor Unions What do you think of when you hear the phrase "labor unions?" Most people associate a negative connotation with labor unions. They think that labor unions are the only cause of strikes and work stoppages. Most think that people in unions are greedy and will do anything to get more money. Others swear by their unions, saying that their employers would take advantage of them if they didn’t organize their unions. However as we prepare to enter the new millennium, labor unio

This is a brief history of the labor movement in the United States from the late eighteen hundreds to the present. In 1881 a movement toward organized labor was beginning to be inforced. A group of people from a few trades and industries such as carpenters, cigar- makers, the printers, merchants, and the steel workers met and formed The Federation of Organized Trades And Labor Unions. Although it had little power, the organization was defanantly and the side as the workers. It s

Ever since the dawn of time it has been the tendency of workers to try and better their conditions, the slaves in Egypt wanted to change the way they were treated, as did the slaves in the Americas. It has also been the tendency of employers to try and get more for less. They want the most work and productivity from employees with the least amount of pay on their behalf. It is now the trend for workers in the auto industry to form unions to help them in their fight for better working