History: Jewish Essays & Term Papers

79 total

Nuremberg Trials It all started when people started hearing about the Nazi's in human acts, just about four months after World War II started. No one would believe that such a thing would happen. While the people were thinking like that the Jews were being shipped out of the country. Some of them were put in working camps or at a person's farm. This was the beginning of the Final Solution of the German's Problem (the Holocaust). On August 8 the Four Power nation signed the London Agre

The Holocaust was a tragic point in history which many people believe never happened. Others who survived it thought it should never have been. Not only did this affect the people who lived through it, it also affected everyone who was connected to those fortunate individuals who survived. The survivors were lucky to have made it but there are times when their memories and flashbacks have made them wish they were the ones who died instead of living with the horrible aftermath. The

The Jews are a people with a multitude of problems. From the Israelite tribes to prosperous modern day Israel, bigotry towards the Jews has been greatly evident. The Jewish race has acted as the scapegoat for many crisis throughout history including the black plague which swept across Europe during the 14th century. The establishment of Israel was the climax of what the Jewish people had been striving to obtain for centuries. This, however, led to many major conflicts between Israel

The History of the conflict in the Middle East is long and well documented. To both, and to many biased observers the history of the Egyptian/Israeli conflict is very one sided, with one government, or one people causing the continued wars between the tw In 1948, the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel was read by David Ben-Gurion in Tel Aviv. The Egyptians, like most of the Arab states saw this as a creation of a Western State, backed by the British Empire, and thus an

Is Judaism composed of many 'small religions' or one underlying religion? Judaism or Judaisms? It has been argued that Judaism can be seen not only as a single religion, but as a group of similar religions. It has also been pointed-out that through all the trials and tribulations that Judaism has suffered through, that there have been common themes that have proven omni-pervasive. Any institution with roots as ancient and varied as the religion of the Jews is bound to have a few variat

Hanukkah or Chanukah (Hebrew for "dedication"), annual festival of the Jews celebrated on eight successive days. It begins on the 25th day of Kislev, the third month of the Jewish calendar, corresponding, approximately, to December in the Gregorian calendar. Also known as the Festival of Lights, Feast of Dedication, and Feast of the Maccabees, Hanukkah commemorates the rededication of the Temple of Jerusalem by Judas Maccabee in 165 BC after the temple had been profaned by Antiochus

Judaism's Transformation to Modernization in Relation to America The Jewish way of life has been affected in a tremendous way by the people of the United States of America. By the time of the signing of the Declaration of Independence, there were only 2500 Jews in America. For forty years beginning in 1840, 250,000 Jews (primarily from Germany, Hungary, and Bohemia) entered this country. Anti-Semitism and economic woes in Eastern Europe went from bad to worse after the pogroms of 1881-

The Jews are a people with a multitude of dilemmas. From the Israelite tribes to the prosperous modern day Israel , bigotry towards the Jews has been greatly evident. The Jewish race has acted as Escape Goat for many crisis throughout history including the black plaque which swept across Europe in the 14th century. The establishment of Israel was a great incident was something the Jewish people were striving to obtain for generations. This, however, led to four major conflicts between Isr

Bar Kochba Revolt The Jewish revolt led by Bar Kochba in 132 AD was not the work of a single if a single radical revolutionary. It was the inevitable result of years of promises not kept to the Jews, and laws which suppressed the basis of Jews as a nation. To understand the reason for Bar Kochba's Revolt one must go back many years even before the war. Prior to Hadrian, an emperor by the name of Trajan was the ruler of the Roman empire. Due to the rebellion of the Jews in the Diaspora to

MEDIEVAL JUDAISM In a review of a Jews in Antiquity by Baile, Martha Himmelfarb writes, "Biale does not minimize the Jews' subjection to local or distant lords. But, like Salo Baron before him, he strives mightily to dispel the picture of Jewish, medieval life as one long tale of 'suffering and learning.' Hence the emphasis upon the 'considerable influence in high governing circles' and the significant degree of control over day-to-day life enjoyed by many pre-modern Jewish

THE JUBILEE CALENDAR A Major Point of Contention between the Zadokite Priesthood and the Hasmonean Priesthood INTRODUCTION Halachikally the Torah Law we follow today is according to the School of Hillel. The School of Hillel and the School of Shami were so far apart that the Talmud expresses fear that the One Torah might end up as two torot ("Sanhedrin" 88b). Medrashim say that when Moshiach comes we will follow the School of Shamai. In other words, the School of Hillel will become lower

Revisionists are a group of people who are different from you and me. They enjoy eating meals, spending time with friends, and some even go to church, but these reasons do not make them different. The major differene is that they do not believe that the Holocaust ever happened. Some people may think, "How can this be?" There are literaly hundreds of books, magazine articles, and web sites to show the facts of the Holocaust, yet some people still don't believe it ever occurred. And these rev

Byzantine and Islamic Empires q Introduction Both the Islamic and in the Byzantine Empires had very important social structures. There are differences between the two Empires in all aspects, however both were successful. The Byzantine was part of the great Roman Empire and the Islamic Empire was built on religious belief. q Comparison in art In the Islamic society visual arts are decorative, and colorful. The Islamic art was influnced by the religion in the area. The Byzantin

The Crusades were Christian military expeditions undertaken between the 11th and the 14th century to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims. The causes of the Crusades were many and complex, but prevailing religious beliefs were clearly of major importance. The Crusaders continued an older tradition of the Pilgrimage to the Holy Land, which was often imposed as a penance; now, however, they assumed a dual role as pilgrims and warriors. Such an armed pilgrimage was regarded as a justifiable w

Briant Gerould Mrs. Laughrea & Mrs. Healy A.P. European History/English 10 October 3, 1998 JUDAISM- An Eventful History "Judaism, the religion of the Jews, is a monotheistic religion that God's presence is experienced in human actions and history. It is the expression of a set of beliefs and values that is discerned in patterns of action, social culture" (Britannica 638). Judaism has braved four millennia of slavery, persecution, and anti-Semitism to become a vibrant and intellectual rel

1.) Situation of the Jews at that Time: The Jews, although being scattered around numerous times, and had times of oppression, persecution, and disastrous wars, had a somewhat normal condition of life. Even after having specific laws and privileges, they were able to preserve their unique customs and lifestyle. Ever since the first appearance of Christianity, Jews and Christians have been involved in an ideological conflict, which in reality, was a competition for souls, power, and influen

The Catacombs and Christian Persecutions The catacombs are the ancient underground cemeteries used by the Christians and the Jewish people in Rome. The Christian catacombs, which are numerous, began in the second century and the shoveling out continued until the first half of the fifth century. In the beginning they were only burial places, but later they gathered to celebrate their funeral rites, and the anniversaries of the saints and of the dead. During the persecutions the catacombs

Our Mission... The Kennett Consolidated School District is a public school system committed to providing the best education possible at the most reasonable cost to the taxpaying public. To accomplish this, the Board of Education adopted the following Mission Statement, which continues to be the guide for the Board, administrators, faculty and staff. The mission of the Kennett Consolidated School District is to provide a quality education that develops the total potential of every child so tha

Socioculture in Israel Introduction Israel is a country with very a very interesting culture because it is such a young country and also because it houses the city of Jerusalem, a very important religious city for many religions. A third reason would be because it was a state that was fought for, for many generations. Israel is very effected by Judaism, it's prime religion. Everything, almost, is effected by this fact. Religion The three major religions in Israel are Judaism, Islam, an

The Arab-Israeli Conflict The Arab Israeli conflict has gone on for many years. There have been many wars, terrorist attacks and peace treaties between Israel and the Arab countries. Through war and Treaties Israel has gained and lost alot of land. There have been 4 major wars between Israel and The Arab countries, as well as terrorist attacks. The reason for many of these attacks include land, claim of the country and anti-semitisem. Israel which is only 8,000 square mi

Hitler and Anti-Semitism vs. THE JEWS During World War II, the Nazi (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei / National Socialist Workers party) regime of the German dictator Adolf Hitler murdered six million Jewish men, women, and children. According to Webster's dictionary a Jewish person is a person who is a member of a people now living in many countries of the world who trace their descent from the Israelites of the Bible, or from postexillic adherents of Judaism. By definition

The word "inquisition" means to examine. Inquisitors would "examine" suspected Heretics, people whose ideas do not match those of the Roman Catholic Church, and punish them accordingly. This meant torture and burning was involved. The great inquisitional movement that took place in Hispania (before Spain was unified, the area was known as Hispania), and it was called The Spanish Inquisition. It took place for approximately five-hundred years, from the late 15th century to the mid 19t

Belief systems, or religions are perhaps the strongest force in society. All of these beliefs are important to each religion in there own way. They’re what make each religion individual and special. Each of these religions had its own beliefs and sacred texts, though all shared some concepts. In the Middle East, the three great world religions-Judaism, Christianity, and Islam had both share some similarities and differences. Judaism, a monotheistic religion, so as Christianity a

The Essence of Judaism Judaism is one of the most widely practiced religions in the world. It is also the oldest monotheistic religion, originating at least 3,000 years ago. There are three different kinds of Judaism, Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform. Orthodox is the most traditional and had changed very little over the years. Conservative has changed to fit the times without losing much tradition. Reform Judaism is most modern of the three. No matter which kind of Judaism someone pr

The meaning of Judaism as stated in ROW, religion of the people the southern Israelite realm of Judah. The history of Judaism is divided in three periods, the time of beginning, classical Judaism, and modern Judaism. During the time of the beginning the religion centered on the cult and temple of the Yahweh. In this period there was stories told that later outline the Bible. Judaism centered itself around one God and this is identified as supreme deity. The Torah forbade the making of

Christianity is founded on the life and teachings of Jesus, a first century C.E. Jew. Christianity became an independent religion as it spread beyond its Palestinian borders. However, since during its first few decades, it was a sect within Judaism, there must be a relationship of Judaism to Christianity. In the "independent religion", two elements of its doctrine are essentially Jewish. First, Jesus is the messiah, or anointed king, who is spoken of in Jewish prophetic writings. Second

JUDAISM *There are approximately 13 Million people that follow Judaism today. *Judaism is the oldest major religion and the first religion to teach the belief in one god. *Unlike many other religions there is only one kind of people who follow it--Jews. *Christianity and Islam developed from Jusaism *The Jewish holy book is the Torah. *It is also what the Christians call the old testement. *The persecution of the Jews in the 1930 s was horrible and will be remembered forever. After bei

Comparison Of Judaism And Christianity The Differences and Similarities of two diverse religons There are many vital differences between Christianity and Judaisum. There a many reasons for this, primarily because christianity emerged from Judaisum. Christianity broke from Judaism, forming a new religion, so it is misleading, to believe that the two religions are essentially the same, or to see Christianity as the natural continuation of Judaism. The beliefs and practise of religon play a vit

Medieval Discrimination and Ill Treatment of Jews In the later part of the thirteenth century, a stable northern European society began to deteriorate due to widespread inflation and famine. As disease rapidly spread throughout Europe, pessimism and paranoia spread quickly among the people. Starved and fearful people began to look for a cause for all of the tragedies unfolding around them. Many Christians turned their anger towards the Jews. The Jewish people that were living in northern Euro

Some say that the role of women in Judaism has been misrepresented and misunderstood. Today when people think of women’s role in Judaism, they think of them as being of very low importance. Yet, threw the Halakha (Jewish laws) we are able to see how significant the role of women is in Judaism. There are many Jewish feminist leaders in today’s society. This is because throughout the years of education and study of Judaism, the women learned that everyone must be respected. Wi

Traditional Religious Teachings on Gender: Before i can summarize the gendered Teachings of Judaism and Christianity there are 2 main things we need to look at. The book says " we immediately confront a number of problems. The first problem is that although many denominations and sects share a few basic beliefs ( for instance, although all christians believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, yet alot of christian denominations differ when it comes to more specific religious principle

Judaism is a way of life. It is a religion that goes beyond the normal boundaries and reaches deep into daily life. “To be Jewish is to live a certain way before God, not to hold to a specific creed or confession “ (Rousmaniere, 128). The laws of the Torah, its interpretations in the Mishnah and the Talmud teach a Jewish person how to live and what rules to follow. To be Jewish means more than just going to a synagogue and praying. Jewish traditions place a high value on the

A Comparison of Judaism and Zoroastrianism Religion has been a major focal point in any society and in any culture. Starting from the first civilizations in Sumer and Ur to the vast metropolitans of today like New York and London, religion has been around and played a key part in lives of people. Possibly two of the oldest religions in the world, Judaism and Zoroastrinism share distinct qualities that are still alive today. Both religions are practiced but Zoroastrianism is not as popu

JUDAISM and CHRISTIANITY The term Judaism and religion do not exist in the pre modern Hebrews. Judaism originated in the land of the Israel in the Middle East. Subsequently, Jewish communities have existed at one time or another in almost all parts of the world. Judaism religion culture of Jews is one of the world s oldest continuing religious traditions. On the other hand, Christianity originated as one among several completing Jewish ideologies in 1st century Palestine and Islam dr

Leon Uris has done an excellent job of presenting the drama covering the events leading up to the German holocaust and the formation of a new Jewish Israel. In Exodus, it is clear to see that Uris sympathizes with the Jewish people. However, he has given an accurate portrayal of the injustices encountered upon Jews throughout history. The treatment of Jews in worldwide ghettos, concentration camps, displaced persons camps, and in dealing with a United Jewish Nation, are horrendous. The r

There are many substantial and vital distinctions between Judaism and Christianity. Of course there are many similarities, primarily because Christianity emerged from Judaism. However, the emergence was not a direct line. Christianity broke from Judaism, forming a new religion, so it is misleading, however comfortable the thought might be, to believe that the two religions are essentially the same, or to see Christianity as the natural continuation of Judaism. Judaism's central belief is tha

Some of the greatest persons ever to live were Jews. Several of the greatest scientists, writers, human rights activists, musicians and comedians were or are Jews: Baruch Spinoza, Sigmund Freud, Albert Einstein, Charlie Chaplin, Yehudi Menuhin, Woody Allen come to mind. Some of their efforts, films, art or discoveries may be a matter of personal taste, but humanity owes a lot to many Jews, famous ones and less well-known ones. While it can be said that almost none of these were faithful religi

In As a Driven Leaf, Elisha ben Abuyah is torn between the modern, Hellenistic practices of the Greeks, and the traditional beliefs of his people. In his day, Elisha must make a clear-cut decision and choose or the other. But what if Elisha lived in a contemporary society in which one did not have to make a clear-cut choice? What would the life of Elisha be in 20th century America? One of things that Elisha struggles with throughout the novel is the belief in God. In Antiquity, the belief

Judaism was a parent of Christianity, and we probably know more about it than any other religion, excluding our own, right off the top of our heads. The ancestors of the Jews, called the Israelites, established a kingdom in Canaan-the land of Milk and Honey. The Israelites first began to see themselves in a special relationship with their God at about 1000 B.C.E. God had selected them to be a Chosen People. God had offered the Chosen People a covenant, or special agreement. In thi

Judaism is an interesting religion worth looking into for those who are interested in learning about other religions. The majority of Jews accept Christianity,and Jesus Christ. The basic intent of the Jewish teaching is a massage of tolerance, morality, peace, and human dignitiy. "Judaism beleives that the purpose of Jewish existance is nothing less than to perfect the world under the rule of G-d"... There are several resons why Jewish beleivers are comfronted wiht less logi

Reform Judaism In the 19th Century- The most extreme precursor to the Reform movement was a man by the name of Samuel Holdheim. He was born in 1806 in Kempo in the province of Posen. At a young age he studied at a yeshiva and received a Talmudic education. He began to study German and secular subjects after his marriage to a woman with a modern education. After their divorce several years later, he began studying at the University of Prague and Berlin and received a doctorate from

Topic Three Do a case study of the Holocaust and its impact upon Jews and Judaism in the twentieth century. The Holocaust, which was the systematic, state sponsored, murder of Jews was a terrible loss to humanity and would have had a huge impact on Jews and Judaism in the twentieth century. In total around six million Jews lost their lives as a result of the Holocaust. This kind of Jewish persecution can not only be seen during the holocaust but thousands of years before hand so the holocaus

Judaism Jewish history began about 4000 years ago in the part of the world that today we call the Middle East. No one person ever began Judaism. The beliefs that became the Jewish faith came about gradually. However, some people were important in making it happen. Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, known as the patriarchs are both the physical and spiritual ancestors of Judaism. They founded the religion known as Judaism and their descendants are the Jewish people. According to the Jewish tradition,

Conservative Judaism: Inception, History and Way Of Life “The term “Conservative” had been attached to the moderates by the Reformers because the moderates had branded them as radicals. This name hardly describes the movement aptly. Conservative Judaism, is the American version of the principles of positive historical Judaism. The conservatives accept the findings of modern scholarship that Judaism is the product of a long period of growth and evolution. However, this

email: cgohm@netrover.comtitle: Media Representations of Judaism and IslamIn this century there have been countless conflicts involving the people of Judaism and those of Islam. The Holocaust in World War II, the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the hostilities of the Palestinians towards the Israelites are all examples of such conflict. The media is especially involved in the portrayal of these two nations, as the events that go on in the Near-East have many sympathizers. The media,

The roots of Reform/Liberal/Progressive Judaism lie in Germany, where, between 1810 and 1820, congregations in Seesen, Hamburg, and Berlin instituted fundamental changes in traditional Jewish practices and beliefs, such as mixed seating, the use of German in services, single-day observance of festivals, and use of a cantor/choir. American Reform Judaism began as these German "reformers" immigrated to American in the mid-1800s. Reform rapidly became the dominant belief systems of Ame

BURIAL RITUALS IN JUDAISM In the religion of Judaism the way they take care of their dead are quite unique. The belief in life after death is apparent but unusual as to how they reach it. In this paper, I will talk about how this religion deals with death, prepares for burial and practices funeral rituals. In Judaism, life is valued above almost everything else. Jews feel that life descends from a single person, thus taking a single life is like destroying an entire worl

Judaism, the religious culture of the Jews, claims over fourteen million followers throughout the world. It is the oldest living religion in the Western world. Historically, Judaism served as the model for Christianity and Islam, the other two great monotheistic religions, which together with Judaism claims half the world s population as followers. The basic source of Jewish belief is the Hebrew Bible (called the Old Testament by Christians) especially its first five books called the T

Early History of Judaism- It has been argued that Judaism can be seen not only as a single religion, but as a group of similar religions. It has also been pointed-out that through all the trials and tribulations that Judaism has suffered through, that there have been common themes that have proven omni-pervasive. Any institution with roots as ancient and varied as the religion of the Jews is bound to have a few variations, especially when most of its history takes place in the politica

Judaism Early History of Judaism It has been argued that Judaism can be seen not only as a single religion, but as a group of similar religions. It has also been pointed-out that through all the trials and tribulations that Judaism has suffered through, that there have been common themes that have proven omni-pervasive. Any institution with roots as ancient and varied as the religion of the Jews is bound to have a few variations, especially when most of its history takes place in t