History: Christian Essays & Term Papers

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Click Here For Research Papers Online! Christian History 102 Nicholas Ferrar Nicholas Ferrar was assumed to be born in 1592. I have found that his most probable birth date was in February of 1593. This is due to the usual calendar confusion: England was not at that time using the new calendar adopted in October 1582. It was 1593 according to our modern calendar, but at the time the new year in England began on the following March 25th. Nicholas Ferrar was one of the mor

POPE JULIUS II Pope Julius II was a powerful ruler and also the greatest art patron among the popes. His reign is considered one of the most brilliant in the Renaissance period. He was born Giuliano della Rovere, in Albisola, Italy in 1443. He became a Franciscan priest in 1468. After his uncle became Pope Alexander VI in 1492, he fled to France, where he stayed until Alexander died. He was elected Pope Julius II in 1503. Even though bribery was a large part of his own election, the new pope

By the time Constantine declared himself a Christian in 313 CE, almost half of the Roman population had abandoned the traditional Roman gods for Christianity (Galloway 4). The reason for the spread of this particular religion was because the ideas behind it were simple and easy for the people of the Roman world to embrace. Christian rituals offered equality to its members (Renan 239). Upper and lower classes as well as slaves and women were able to participate together. This was a welcome cha

HS1102 Sept 16, 1994 note: this paper is a response to an assignment to discuss the rhetorical devices used by Irenaus in his polemic against the gnostics. Combatting the Heresy of the So-Called Gnosis You, sibling in the faith and fellow teacher of the church, ask both why I am so angry with the Gnostics and with what rhetorical and theological weapons I fight them. To be brief, I am angry at the ways they alter the faith I hold dear and at the success they have at leading souls astray-

Holiness in the Rule of St. Benedict The portrait of holiness presented in the Rule of St. Benedict is one of radical humility attained through obedience in order to perform the Holy Office in a worthy manner. In psychological terms it is the maintenance of extremely low self-esteem and low autonomy in order to have a highly dependent relationship with God. The holiness of the individual and community is centered on the Holy Office: "Nothing comes before the Divine Office" (43). (It is for thi

Observations on the Theologies of Abelard and Heloise Analysis of the first two letters between Heloise and Abelard demonstrates the variety of theological and practical viewpoints of thirteenth century France. Interesting points of contrast emerge on examination of their views of theological authority, Abelard's "calamities", their entry into monasticism, and the own-ership of the Convent of the Paraclete. Theological Authority Comparison of these letters shows a marked difference in the t

What Is Augustine Confessing? In Confessions, Augustine uses two meanings of the word "confession": a statement about belief, and an acknowledgment of sin. In the form of autobiography he explores the shortcomings of his past and makes assertions about God's nature, acts, and his own relationship with God. This paper will briefly identify some of the themes in both confessions. About God In the Confessions, Augustine speaks extensively about God's immutability, perfection, and other philosoph

Martyrdom in the Third Century; A Comparative Study The acts of the martyrs, from Stephen to Bonhoffer, have been a source of inspiration to the Church throughout its history; cele-brated in liturgy and hymnody, honored in prayer and piety. Sadly, twentieth century American Lutheranism remembers the martyrs with our lips, but our hearts are far from them. Let us consider the Acts of the Martyrs of Lyons and of Perpetua and her companions to begin to appreciate the third cen-tury meaningof mar

Lutheran Orthodoxy and Pietism-So What? In many contemporary Lutheran circles, the labels "Orthodoxy" and "Pietism" are distinctly uncomplimentary. In popular usage, Orthodoxy means a fossilized over-intellectualized theological system that neglected the life of the people and distorted the heritage of the Reformation, synonymous with "ivory-tower unregenerate reactionary intellectual." One congregation, for example, had to listen to a sermon on Matthew 10:30 ("And even the hairs of your hea

While a good portion of the wold's population has already made up their minds, evolutionists are still searching for new evidence proving evolution over the more common and realistic belief of the Christian God. All Christians admit that evolutionists have far more evidence and information, however each theory contradicts the others in some way. Christians need not bother with hundreds of disagreeing theories and ideas because the Bible, along with agreeing creationists give all the informatio

In the "Book of Genesis", an ancient Hebrew story from the King James Bible, we are given the account of Adam and Eve. Eve is led up the path of temptation and forced to make a difficult decision. The outcome of her selection not only affects her own existence, but also that of Adam and their descendants. In the story, Eve is forced to choose between what she knows is right or what will turn out to be only a temporary pleasure. The reader is fully aware of the role of the snake, present

The Scopes Monkey Trial Frequently, new ideas have required considerable time to gain public approval. For example, six hundred years ago the geocentric theory of Ptolemy placed earth and its human inhabitants at the center of the universe. As a result, the sun, as if showing devotion to man, rotated around the earth. Even after Galileo proposed his "heliocentric" theory citing that the earth revolved around the sun, the Catholic Church, among others, refused to reject the geocentric theory.

Catacombs What Are The Catacombs? The catacombs have played an important part in Catholic history. They were built as underground cemeteries, but later became a place where Christians could worship freely, to escape from government persecution. The catacombs also served as a place for some of the earliest Christian art. The Catacombs were also referred to as sleeping places because the Christians of that time believed that when you die, you sleep before being resurrected, just as Jesu

Saint Fancis of Assisi Saint Francis was born in 1182, in Assisi Italy. His real name is Giovanni Francesco Bernardone, but his father wanted him to be called Francis. He received very little education as a child, even though his father was a rich merchant. His father, Pietro di Bernardone, was a wealthy merchant, and his mother's name was Pica. Francis always dreamed about riding through the town as a hero. His father wanted Francis to learn about being a silk merchant, but Francis was

subject = Christan Faith title = Baptism Baptism Part I History Baptism is the door to life and to the kingdom of God. Baptism in Christian churches, the universal rite of initiation, performed with water, usually in the name of the Trinity or in the name of Christ. Orthodox and Baptist churches require baptism by total immersion. In other churches, pouring and sprinkling are more common. Most churches regard baptism as a sacrament, or sign of grace; some regard it simply as an ord

Augustine, Zosimas, and Mary of Egypt Zosimas and Mary were two people from completely different worlds, yet they found commonality in their faith. And, while having different backgrounds and origins of their faith, they shared the same beliefs in God as Augustine, who wrote of his life story in "Confessions." All three of these characters, while having the same beliefs, have quite different backgrounds. But Mary and Augustine have some similarities in their backgrounds. Zosimas was bo

Predominance of Christianity in the United States It is not without merit to assert that the United States was founded on the corner stones of Christianity. The Puritans were relentlessly merging religion with life in an effort to transform the New World into the city on a hill. After the Constitution was adopted, however, Christianity was no longer a prerequisite for positions in the political scene. As a result of the doctrine holding to the separation of church and state, the beliefs of

Global History 9 March 23rd 1999 In the world today there are three major religions, Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. Each having the same background but having different views of this religion. These religions all have originated from the same area, the Middle East, and each having branched out from there. The basic beliefs for Christianity, Judaism, and Islam is that they all should believe in one and only one God and believe that we should not worship idols. Christianity s basic b

Melville s View of Christianity Melville s Billy Budd is filled with the question of religion. Melville seems to be stuck on the idea and mystery of Christianity and the thoughts and views around it. He seems reluctant to totally believe the ideas of Christianity yet cannot fully reject the tradition behind it. In Billy Budd, Melville is directly figurative and less clearly dogmatic in his treatment of religion itself. In the story Billy Budd is certainly a Christ figure of sorts, an exce

Andrew Potievsky The Qur’an is like a bible really. The Islamic people believe it to e the ultimate moral authority. Its basic moral message would be to follow Allah and believe in him no matter what the problem and always have faith in Allah. An example would be the “ we make no difference between one and another of them. And we bow to Allah (in Islam). It is similar to Judaism because it was all monotheists, which meant that they all believed in one god only. An example would b

Christianity’s history is filled with division, controversy, and conflict. One of the most important people who contributed to the lasting success of this diverse religion was Constantine. While legalizing Christianity in Roman society, he founded the capital of the eastern Roman Empire, Constantinople. Because of this and other great accomplishments, Constantine appropriately earned the name Constantine the Great. After his father’s death in 306, the Gaul army hailed Cons

Christianity and Buddhism are different religions, yet compare and contrast greatly. Though founded at different periods of time, Christianity and Buddhism have shaped cultures and have had a great influence on people all around the world with origins, customs and beliefs. Siddhartha Gautama was born about 563 B.C. He left his wealthy lifestyle when he was about 29 to seek wisdom. For years, he found not wisdom but only pain. After meditating for several days under a tree, enli

Catholicism vs. Islam Both Roman Catholicism and Islam are similar in some ways. Both are major western religions. The way in which they function as a moral standard for the people who share the beliefs are very similar to each other. Many of their religious beliefs and practices are the same; they both believe in a single god. Both Islam and Catholicism share the beliefs that you must submit to only one god. This god sees and knows everything. He passes judgment. In these ways Islam i

Two religions, both very different and both very similar. Siddhartha Guatama also known as Buddha (“Enlightened One”) was the founder and probably the most influential person of Buddhism. He sat under a fig tree for 49 days to think and contemplate his thoughts. Buddhism was started around 600 B.C. Jesus is believed to be the Son of God in the Christian religion. He was also the most influential person of Christianity. Christianity was started around 34 B.C. Comparing the ri

Michael Hart is an amateur historian and also the author of The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History. In this book Hart lists in order the people he believes to be the top 100 most influential people. In this essay I am going to look at three specific people, and compare Hart s ranking of their impact on society against my own. The three people are Jesus of Nazareth, the founder of Christianity; Paul of Tarsus, Christianity s most important missionary; and Muhammad, the

The Spread of Christianity The Apostle Paul had four missionary journeys. These journeys are responsible for the spread of Christianity and created many churches throughout countries of the Mediterranean. On his first journey, Barnabas, Saul, and Mark, church leaders, accompanied Paul travel to the island of Cyprus and parts of Asia Minor. Paul would preach the gospel and start many churches. His journey started in the city of Seleucia and concluded in Antioch of Syria. The first m

Constantine s reign as the roman emperor from 306-337 was very important to the history of the Christian church. Although at this time Christianity had been spread steadily throughout the Roman empire and beyond, it was generally regarded unfavourably by the rulers of Rome who wished to return to the ways of their ancestors through maintaining the ancient pagan beliefs. Also at this time, the Romans were expected to adhere to the cult of the emperor. In it s early years Christianity was s

In Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, Douglass describes his interpretation of Christianity in his experiences as a slave. Christianity as seen through the eyes of a slave was very different than the Christianity of the slave owner/master. Douglass’ audience is obviously whites and educated blacks, because slaves were forbade reading. With a punishment ranging from lashes to death, “Every moment they spent in that school, they were liable to be taken up and given t

The World of Christianity Christianity was founded by Jesus of Nazareth about 4 BCE. Jesus was said to have been born in Bethlehem, during Herod’s reign. So they started the Christian calendar soon after and started with year 1. Jesus and his 12 apostles traveled from place to place teaching and healing. When the Sanhedrin heard of Jesus’s teachings about he, being the savior, “The Son of God,” he condemned Jesus to death. Pontius Pilate overseen the execut

The Spread of Christianity Kenneth Scott Latourette examined factors which he cited as influential and determinative in what he teams variously the Victory of Christianity over other results and philosophies with which it competed in the Graeco-Roman world. There were a number of factors Latourette says, one of which was crucial although it might not have carried the victory in the absence of all others. As factors, Latourette cites that the Emporer Constantine tolerated it and subsequ

Biblical References in Beowulf There are many biblical references in Beowulf stick out like a shore thumb. Besides the use of the biblical figure of Cain being used to compare him to Grendel, there are many others. Some of which are the more notable ones is the mentioning of the worldwide flood and the Christian idea of sharing treasure, giving away rings. These references are also there to prove a point to the intended audience of the time. The biblical use of the flood is made clear

AP European History Period 4 The Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation changed the course of European history very strongly, and rapidly. This paper will talk about what exactly the reformation did to Europe, in terms of social, political, and philosophical impacts. Before the reformation occurred, the general public was made up of an overall praying people. They accepted all aspects of the church, whether or not they personally believed in the idea or not. These aspects included i

Christianity is a religion that is used my many americans, but it is very difficult to understand. It is a religion based on Faith without a rock, with only sand to build, right? Wrong. Your Faith is the rock. Without faith one is unable to engage in christianity, or in a relationship with God. When one becomes a christian, it is his or her responsability to persue his or her beliefs. Many people think that christianity is based on beleiving in a higher being, going to church, and being a nice

The earliest recorded text teaching Christianity has its roots buried deep within Judaism. The birth, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, as the Messiah, created a new ideology of worship. The Messiah is the savior for all people and of all sins. Paul carried the message of the Messiah to the Gentiles. His missionary journeys and establishment of churches enabled the spreading of the message throughout the Roman Empire. Christianity grew in acceptance; those that believed in the Messiah se

Existentialism Existentialism is one of the fastest growing worldviews in the world. Its new age ideas and down to earth thinking makes it very easy to follow, but as with all world views there are obvious flaws which cannot be hidden. Christianity expresses extremely different views to those of Existentialism. I find, and most of my peers also would find, that Existentialism is a very pessimistic worldview, and gives nothing for people to hope for and look forward to. First of all one of t

Christianity is now in our modern world one of the five major religions. The other major religions include Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Judaism from which Christianity descended. Christianity was practiced before Christ, During his life, and after his life. After Christ+s life Christianity spread to become a main world religion. In 63 B.C. Roman power spread to Judea, the Jewish homeland. At the time King Herod was the ruler of Judea, he accepted Roman rule and angered many Jews by doin

THE SEAFARERThe "Seafarer" contains many references to the older, traditional, pagan beliefs of fate, and the newer, but more predominant Christian faith. Christian monks wrote the "Seafarer", just before Christianity gained dominance in Britain. It was essentially a type of propaganda to convince the people who had not yet subscribed to the Christian dogma that they could have the best of both worlds: they could continue to honor their belief in fate but also embrace life and be happy.

The Emperor Constantine I I think that the emperor Constantine is the most important emperor of the late antiquity. The many great events of his reign laid foundations that would affect the future of Europe and Western Civilization for centuries to come. His recognition and support of Christianity was one of the most important moments in world history. Moving the government of the Roman Empire to Constantinople and founding New Rome was one of the most significant decisions ever made by a R

During the Renaissance, humanism was one of the most intellectual movements. It was based on the study of ancient literature from Greece and Rome. Humanism had a different view of religion than Christianity but the humanists were not anti-religious. The humanists looked at the ancient classics and valued them for what they were, which were clear insights into human nature. These documents also taught the humanists how to live a good worldly life. In the Medieval world, the Christians used

Constantine was a Roman Emperor who ruled in the early 300's AD, and was arguably one of the most powerful person in his part of the world. His conversion to Christianity had far reaching effects on the common practice of the religion and on all the factions of Christianity that are present today. His conversion happened during a war with a co-emperor, Maxentius. Constantine claimed that the night before a critical battle, in which he defeated this opponent, he had a vision of the Supreme God

Chinua Achebe wrote the novel, Things Fall Apart, which is a great piece of African literature that deals with the Ibo culture, society, and history. One place where the Ibo religion is practiced is in the village of Umuofia in Africa, where the story takes place. On the other hand, Christianity is a very common religion that is practiced all over the world. Although Christianity and Ibo are both types of religions, they have many differences. One way the religions are different

Rome was a major power because it always made certain its own military prowess was preeminent. There have been many ideas presented as to the fall of the Roman Empire. Many believe that Rome declined morally and the violence and decadence of the societal norms led to the demise. Gibbons has been credited with the theory of the influence and transference of Christianity over the Roman system of Gods and Goddesses that perpetrated the fall. Another theory lays the blame at the feet of the Empero

The Lottery, and Christianity Shirley Jackson’s short story “The Lottery”, if left at face value, is a perverse tale of a small village sacrificial ceremony, which leaves a lasting impression upon the reader. However to take the story at face value would nearly be an exercise in futility, for then the reader would be missing the deeper meanings found in the delicate symbolism that Jackson places throughout the tale. Indeed, the symbolic meanings of many of the people

The Christian Epic Beowulf The epic Beowulf is the basic good vs. evil long narrative poem. A local town is being terrorized by a sin stained demon named Grendel. The town’s people pray for a savior for many years and eventually their prayers are answered. A legendary warrior by the name of Beowulf arrives to defeat the wrathful creature. As he promised, Grendel had met his match and Beowulf did it bare handed. This epic is without a doubt a Christian epic. There are many refere

Throughout the years of its existence, the religion of Buddhism has gone through many changes. One example of how Buddhism changed is when the Mahayana was adopted as an official interpretation. The “Great Vehicle” was the name that the Buddhists came up for this new way of thinking. The Buddhists spent much of their lives concentrating on reaching nirvana, which was balanced with everyday activities. Judaism also experienced many changes during this time, which was far more drast

Televangelists like Jimmy Swaggert and Jim and Tammy Fay Bakker promise the Christian faith to millions everyday. For the right price, anybody can have something- a.k.a. Christianity, God, and faith- in their lives. On these shows, there is no need to have believed in religion before, as long as there is a need for it now. Religious telecasts asking for money in exchange for faith attract nearly five million people each year. Fifty-five percent of these people are elderly woman; Thir

Paganism and Christianity in Keats' The Eve of St. Agnes, Ode to a Grecian Urn and Ode to a Nightingale Many of Keats' poems reflect his spirituality, his sense of the connection between the environment and the link between pagan and Christian images that exist in daily life. The Eve of St. Agnes, for example, is a poem that defines many of these links and demonstrates the premises of Keats' focus on romanticism, spirituality and imagery based in nature. Other poems, including Ode to a Grec

Early Christian and Byzantine art started after Jesusí death in the first century ranging and ending to the fourth century AD. The art produced during this period was secretive because Christianity was not a formal religion but as a cult; the Romans and rest of Europe persecuted Christians so the artist disguised their work with symbols and hints of Christian aspects. Christianity was the first cult to not involve rituals of sacrifice of animals and refused to worship an Emperor causin

THE FALL OF CONSTANTINOPLE On Tuesday, May 29 1453 the last bastion on Christianity in the East, Constantinople, fell to the Ottoman Turks led by Sultan Mehmet ( also called Mahomet ). This ended the 1100 year reign of the Byzantium Empire and gave the Ottomans a new capital. One of the most famous churches in history, the Church of Holy Wisdom ( also known as the Hagia Sophia ) was converted into a Mosque. The Turks used a revolutionary weapon in the siege - the cannon. Though the cannon had