Gynecology Essays & Term Papers

63 total

In America alone, approximately 1.5 million abortions are performed every year. That is about one abortion every twenty seconds, yet nothing is being done to reduce these numbers. Why does the law allow the murders of so many innocent babies to continue? The answer is simple, it shouldn't. Abortion is wrong and should be stopped. This fact is apparent when one sees the suffering that abortion causes, not only to the baby, but to many others as well. All this damage can be so easily avoide

There are so many things that kids dream of after they graduate from high school. For me it was to go to college. I thought that college was going to exactly like high school. Except I wouldn't have to go home to my parents every night. My expectations of college were to party, have easy classes and to hang out with my friends. But when reality set in there is no time to party accept on the weekends, there is no such thing as an easy class and hanging out with my friends is built around all

Out of 2,500 girls born everyday, one is different than all the others. She is like about 60,000 other girls in the United States. She is different because she lacks or partially lacks a second X chromosome out of two X-chromosomes. This disorder that occurs in one out of every 2,500 girls is called Turner's Syndrome. Turner's Syndrome is a genetic disorder. Girls generally have two X-chromosomes. This syndrome is caused because of the absence of or the basic defect in one of those two

Registered Nurse/Midwife A certified nurse midwife (CNM) is an individual educated in the two disciplines of nursing and midwifery, who possesses evidence of certification according to the requirements of the American College of Nurse Midwives. State requirements for nurse midwifery must also be met. For centuries women have looked to midwives to advise and assist then in childbirth. Today's certified nurse-midwife carries on this rich tradition. In addition she is also a skilled health prof

The Effects Multiple Births Have on Outcomes of Cerebral Palsy in Infants Cerebral palsy is typically characterized as a disorder caused by injuries to the cerebrum, the part of the brain responsible for higher mental functions, sensations, and voluntary muscle actions (7). Symptoms of cerebral palsy vary by severity of the disease, and include seizures, involuntary muscle contractions, difficulty sucking or feeding, irregular breathing, delayed development of motor skills, motor-men

Sonja Dorsey Abortion: Selective Reduction For many years, infertile couples have had difficulty facing the reality that they can not have children. According to Nidus Information Services Incorporated, 6.2 million women in the United States are infertile. This problem leads to many options. A few options have been used for a long period of time: the couple could adopt a child or keep trying to have a child themselves. For those couples that want to have their own children, there ar

Support for the Midwifery Profession: Pros and Cons The tradition of midwifery virtually disappeared in Canada during the early part of this century. Several generations of women gave up childbirth at home to the medical profession. They did this in the name of safety and pain relief, or simply because the option of being cared for by a midwife no longer existed. Midwifery should be re-instated as a legal and honourable profession. With healthy pregnancies and under normal conditions

THE EFFECTS OF TETRACYCLINE ON GALLUS DOMESTICUS TRIMESTER 3 Professor J. P. Ellis T.A. Tom Pinard Bryan Dumanski Mike Hale Dean Tower Heather Mammon Joe Hull July 15, 1996 Abstract Our Embryology lab experiment was performed to observe the effects of tetracycline on the development in chicken embryos, such as bone and beak growth. Five control and seven experimental eggs were used for the experiment. The five control eggs were not injected with tetracycline

The Effects Multiple Births Have on Outcomes of Cerebral Palsy in Infants Cerebral palsy is typically characterized as a disorder caused by injuries to the cerebrum, the part of the brain responsible for higher mental functions, sensations, and voluntary muscle actions (7). Symptoms of cerebral palsy vary by severity of the disease, and include seizures, involuntary muscle contractions, difficulty sucking or feeding, irregular breathing, delayed development of motor skills, motor-mental reta

Contraception and Abortion from the Ancient World to the Renaissance by John Riddle, is a book that tries to make sense of the historical records related to birth control. The historical medical records that Riddle looked at for his book were from the classical and medieval periods. Riddle says how surprised and struck he was by the number of oral contraceptives and abortifacients that were mentioned in the records. For the most part classical and medieval birth control methods have been re

Sex Preselection For many years, mankind has wondered how to choose the sex of a child before its birth for which countless myths, folk remedies, and magic potions have been offered as a solution. None of these methods were based on scientific evidence. However, in recent years gender selection has been made possible through advances such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis using biopsy methods combined with in vitro fertilization and sperm separation using flow cytometry techniques (Reub

Canada s healthcare system has been the envy of many western industrialized countries for years. England s Prime Minister Winston Churchill inspired it in 1948 when he said: The discoveries of healing science must be the inheritance of all [ ] Disease must be attacked whether it occurs in the poorest or the richest man or woman, simply on the ground that it is the enemy [ ] Our policy is to create a national health service in order to secure that everybody in the country, irrespective of mea

Human Milk vs. Cow's Milk TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction Benefits and disadvantages for the infant Breast feeding and the Law Conclusion Bibliography INTRODUCTION Breast feeding in public not too many years ago was considered a taboo. It was unthinkable to breast feed your child in public. Times have changed and so has our understanding on breast feeding. It is no longer a lifestyle choice for women, but a health choice. Some women chose to bottle-feed their children while some insist

BREASTFEEDING - NATURE'S WAY OF SPACING BABIES? Introduction The fertility regulating effect of breastfeeding has been known for underestimated. This has been due mostly to the lack of knowledge of the events associated with breastfeeding that determine its contraceptive effect. It is now known that breastfeeding per se is not a particularly effective or reliable means of contraception. On the other hand, the period of amenorrhea associated with breastfeeding, commonly referred to as

Exploring the Growth of Breast Cancer Among African American Women Breast cancer develops as an abnormal growth of cells accumulate within the breast. Recent studies have proven that White women have a higher risk of developing breast cancer than African American women, yet we as African American women are at a higher risk of dying from the disease. There is however, one possible link to the higher mortality rate in breast cancer among Black women. We as African Americans tend

Mommy's Milk or Mommy's Money I watch as a young woman sits peacefully in the local park with her newly born infant in her arms. She casually unbuttons her shirt and reveals her breast, while gently urging the baby to nurse. At the same time two women walk by and are seemingly shocked at the "barbaric" display they had just witnessed. Saying such things as " I would never do that in public" as the other woman replies "Yeah, that's what bottles are for." Little do these women know that thi

Breast Cancer Women in all walks of life have been diagnosed with breast cancer. The causes of breast cancer are unknown, however, research of breast cancer leads us to believe that it is caused by: family/ethnic history, estrogen, and genetic alteration. Research shows that a woman's risk of getting breast cancer increases if her mother, sister, or daughter had breast cancer, especially at a young age. This means that it gets passed down from generation to generation. Furthermore, women

Post-mastectomy breast reconstruction is not a simple procedure. Reconstruction of a breast is done when the natural breast has to be removed due to cancer or other diseases. Breast removal is referred to as mastectomy. The best candidates are women whose cancer has been eliminated by breast removal. Women with other health conditions such as obesity, high blood pressure or smoking, may be advised to wait. Surgeons are now able to create a breast that can come close to looking like a

In the 1970’s women began to look for different options other than padding their bra to get a more voluptuous look. The 70’s were an age of a new form of cosmetic surgery called breast implants. These implants became a popular alternative to padding. Serious side effects can result in implants and women should be well aware of these health risks before making a final decision. When you first look into breast implants they appear rather harmless, just a new way to gain fuller brea

Chlamydia Chlamydia are intracellular parasites that have many of the same physical characteristics of viruses. They cause inflammation of the urethra, vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, anus, ovaries and epididymis. This is a common sexually transmitted disease among young adults and teenagers. About 75% of women and 50% of men with chlamydia have now signs of infection. Symptoms of this disease are vaginal discharge, urethral discharge, anal swelling, pain or discharge, red

Chlamydia Chlamydia are intracellular parasites that have many of the same physical characteristics of viruses. They cause inflammation of the urethra, vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, anus, ovaries and epididymis. This is a common sexually transmitted disease among young adults and teenagers. About 75% of women and 50% of men with chlamydia have now signs of infection. Symptoms of this disease are vaginal discharge, urethral discharge, anal swelling, pain or discharge, redde

Gonorrhea We chose the bacterial disease gonorrhea. We were not able to find when the disease was discovered or who discovered it. Gonorrhea is a bacterial disease that is an infection caused by gonoccocus bacteria. This bacteria is round shaped and can live only in dark, warm, moist places. These places would include; inside your body, cervix, penis, throat, and rectum. It usually involves the urethra in males, and vagina, cervix, and fallopian tubes in females. For 2-9 days

Female Gable Figure (Dilukai), 19th- early 20th century; Belauan Wood, paint, Kaolin (Chinese Clay) The piece of work I selected caught my attention as soon as I set eyes on it. It is “Female Gable Figure (Dilukai)” a 25 2/3-inch high wooden figure of a nude woman with her legs straddled. The piece seemed to be very crudely done. It appeared to be chiseled, very abstracted and very unrealistic. Her hair appears to be in a bun, her face has no expression. The arms that le

Peter. Schlong. Richard. Big Jim. Are any of these words more than mildly offensive? My contention is that, although they aren't a part of my regular speech, they are only mildly unpleasant, if at all. Some forms of the word "penis" even evoke a sense of power. A man's worth is sometimes said to be measured by the girth of his package. In relation to the previously started discussion, does the word "vagina" roll off one's back as easily? The common answer would be no. Forms o

A condom is a sheath or covering made to fit over a man s erect penis. It is also called rubbers, sheaths, skins and prophylactics, and known by many different brand names. Most common condoms are made of thin latex rubber. Some condoms are coated with a dry lubricant or with spermicide. Different sizes, shapes, colors and textures maybe available. Condoms help prevent both pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Used correctly, they keep sperm and any disease organisms in the sem

In today’s society it seems that a woman’s body is the main focal point in the media. We see the female body being portrayed as one of a model with unattainable measurements such as 36-24-36. All of this can be attributed to how our TV shows, movies, music videos, magazines, etc. portray the perfect female body. America and its’ media need to begin portraying women with all types of figures. This would help greatly to widen our thoughts and definition of what beauty re

The male condom is a thin layer made of latex or sheepskin that fits over the erect penis and stops sperm from entering the female's body when ejaculating. They are the most commonly used contraceptive and you can purchase them at drug stores or supermarkets without a prescription. The best condoms have a reservoir tip, are made of latex and are lubricated. Male condoms contain no health risks unless you are allergic to latex or spermicide. Male condoms are 85-90% effective for preventing preg

Female circumcision, also known as Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), is a very dangerous surgery. It is done to girls of any age, from a few days old to right before their wedding. The most common age is three. In most countries where FGM is practiced the clitoris is considered dangerous to the man. At one point they thought that if a penis touched a clitoris, it would shrivel up and fall off. Girls in Africa and parts of Asia are genitally mutilated for family honor, cleanliness,

40 MISTAKES MEN MAKE WHILE HAVING SEX WITH WOMEN 1) NOT KISSING FIRST. Avoiding her lips and diving straight for the erogenous zones makes her feel like you're paying by the hour and trying to get your money's worth by cutting out nonessentials. A proper passionate kiss is the ultimate form of foreplay. 2) BLOWING TOO HARD IN HER EAR. Admit it, some kid at school told you girls love this. Well, there's a difference between being erotic and blowing as if you're trying t

Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Divisions The autonomic nervous system is made up of two divisions, the Sympathetic and Parasympathetic. There are many differences between these divisions. First of all there are anatomical and physiological differences. The parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system originates from the craniosacral out flow, which is the brain stem nuclei of cranial nerves III, VII, IX, and X; and spinal cord segments S2-S4. The sympathetic divisi

Parasympathetic and Sympathetic Divisions The autonomic nervous system is made up of two divisions. There are many differences between these divisions. First of all there are anatomical and physiological differences. The parasympathetic division of the autonomic system origin is in the craniosacral outflow, the brain stem nuclei of cranial nerves III, VII, IX, and X; and spinal cord segments S2-S4. The sympathetic division on the other hand is much more complex than the parasym

Herpes is one of the common of more than 30 different sexually transmitted diseases (STD s) in America today. Herpes is an infection that is caused by one of two closely related viruses, herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). Both of which are very easily caught, have similar symptoms, and can occur on different parts of the body. Even though it is most common to see the virus HSV-1 appear as oral herpes and to see the virus HSV-2 appear as genital herp

Birth Control is defined as various ways used to prevent pregnancy from occurring. Birth Control has been a concern for humans for thousands of years. The first contraception devices were mechanical barriers in the vagina that prevented the male sperm from fertilizing the female egg. Other methods of birth control that were used in the vagina were sea sponges, mixtures of crocodile dung and honey, quinine, rock salt and alum. We have come a long way from past time times of contracepti

Hereditary Determination of Sex Primary sex determination- Concerns the determination of the gonads. In mammals, determination strictly chromosomal; not influenced by the environment. Most cases- female = XX; male= XY Every individual organism has atleast one X Chromosome. Since the female has 2 X chromosomes, each of her eggs posses one X chromosome. The male posses an X and a Y, so therefore the male can produce 2 kinds of sperm, one with an X chromosome and one with a Y

In today s society it seems that a woman s body is the main focal point in the media. We see the female body being portrayed as one of a model with unattainable measurements such as 36-24-36. All of this can be attributed to how our TV shows, movies, music videos, magazines, etc. portray the perfect female body. America and its media need to begin portraying women with all types of figures. This would help greatly to widen our thoughts and definition of what beauty really is, not to menti

Sexually transmitted diseases, STD's, also known as Venereal diseases, VD, are spread through sexual contact, and the exchange of body fluids. Anyone who is sexually active can contract an STD. Most STD's don't show symptoms, so you can have, spread and even contract an STD without even knowing it. Some STD's are serious and others can have long term consequences. Some of the consequences could be infertility, certain cancers, and other chronic diseases years after initial infection. If

Syphilis Syphilis is an STD caused by a bacterium. Anyone having unprotected sex with an infected person can get syphilis. Syphilis is passed from person to person through direct contact with the syphilis sore, lesion, or moist rash. It can be passed through sexual contact, which includes vaginal, anal and oral sex. Kissing can pass the disease if one of the people has a sore on the lips or in the mouth. Pregnant woman can pass the disease to their babies before birth. The first stage of Syph

TABLE OF CONTENTS I . Sexually transmitted diseaeses defined II. Genital Herpes III. Vaginal Candidiasis IV. Chlamydia V. Prevention VI. Bibliography SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES DEFINED A sexually transmitted disease is not the same as genital disease. Most genital diseases are not caused by sexually transmitted organisms. But most sexually transmitted infections do involve the genitals. Infection of the rectum, throat, and the eye are also

‘The Vagina’ The vagina is a thin walled-tube, 8 to 10 cm long. It lies between the bladder & the rectum & extends from the cervix to the body exterior. The urethra is embedded in its anterior wall. Often called the birth canal, the vagina provides a passageway for delivery of an infant & for menstrual flow. Since it receives the penis (& semen) during sexual intercourse, it is the female organ of copulation. The highly distensible wall of the vagina wall consists of

AIDS and HIV are becoming more and more of a problem in the world. In Canada there have been "14,500 AIDS cases reported and "50,000 Canadians" have come in contact with the virus. "5000" people become infected each year.(The Canadian AIDS Society 1997 [poster]) AIDS and HIV can affect people of all ages, whether they are "old, young, male, or female" (Basic facts about AIDS/HIV). People of all ages should have a general knowledge of AIDS and HIV. They should be fully aware

The Vagina The vagina is a thin walled-tube, 8 to 10 cm long. It lies between thebladder & the rectum & extends from the cervix to the body exterior. Theurethra is embedded in its anterior wall. Often called the birth canal, thevagina provides a passageway for delivery of an infant & for menstrualflow. Since it receives the penis (& semen) during sexual intercourse, it isthe female organ of copulation.The highly distensible wall of the vagina wall consists of three coats:An outer fi

Nadine 04/02/01 ENG. 1B Mrs. Garcia TH 6-9pm Society Genders What gender are you? A female or a male, what ever the classification may be, how do you then distinguish your gender role in society, and what factors help you come to a conclusion of your representation. In this case a "Girl": since I will be discussing a "Girls" orthodox. In reading, Becoming Members of Society: Learning the Social Meanings of Gender by Holly Devor, Devor points out different attributes of a "Gir

Gonorrhea is an infectious sexually transmitted disease. This disease involves the mucous membranes of the urogenital tract. Gonorrhea is much more obvious in males because they develop an acute discharge of pus from the urethra. Scarce when it starts, it becomes thicker and heavier and causes frequent urination. When urination takes place, there will be a burning sensation. If the prostate becomes infected, the passage of urine is partly obstructed. In females the infection occurs in

In all aspects of every society, gender identity must be established. It is at birth when an infant (person) is given either a male or female identity. Once the parents have been told, it is then that society will set the example and attitudes for that given gender. "Gender includes a broad spectrum of attitudes, behaviors, and social expectations that we acquire during our lifetimes, through interactions with one another and experiences in various environments (Renzetti, p. 41)." We will ulti

Gonnorrhea Gonorrhea is an infectious sexually transmitted disease. This disease involves the mucous membranes of the urogenital tract. Gonorrhea is much more obvious in males because they develop an acute discharge of pus from the urethra. Scarce when it starts, it becomes thicker and heavier and causes frequent urination. When urination takes place, there will be a burning sensation. If the prostate becomes infected, the passage of urine is partly obstructed. In females the inf

Let’s talk about puberty. What is the first thing that comes into our minds when we say puberty? Well, sex is the most common thought that pops out from the head of many people. But there is much more than sex to puberty. Puberty is a very unique and important evolving stage of all males and females. During puberty, guys and girls go through many changes that we might find funny, scary and weird. During puberty, the level of testosterone and estrogen in both boys and girls increa

ABORTION There are many ways to deal with pregnancy and judging by modern standards of right and wrong many issues dealing and relating to this are heavily debated on. A woman/mother-to-be in today’s society has many choices for her and her unborn child. Of course the first would be to keep the child and raise him/her, another would be to have the child put up for adoption when he/she is born, and last an abortion. The mother or parents have to make up their minds in what is best

Artificial Insemination Artificial insemination, test-tube fertilization, frozen storage of embryos and surrogate parenting. For many people, these new and often controversial procedures of artificial reproduction hold out a last hope for starting a family. What happens during the insemination process is your physician uses a syringe to inject sperm into the cervical canal right before or right on the day of ovulation. Since half of the sperm get lost in the cervix, the physician sometimes i

The Facts of Life Human in vitro fertilization is selection of embryos for the transfer to the uterus. The eggs are surgically removed from a woman's ovaries and placed in a carefully prepared broth called human tubal fluid. Six hours later, the husband's sperm cells are added. The evidence of fertilization was detected approximately 16 hours later. Later on, the scientists select four embryos that are actively dividing and carefully inserts them into the woman's uterus through her c

In Vitro Fertilization is the process in which infertile women, or women with husbands that are infertile, can have children. Popularly known as "test tube" fertilization, In Vitro Fertilization is Latin for "in glass" fertilization. The first "test tube" baby was born in 1978. How was this done? Well, I'll tell you the most scientific explanation about this amazing method of artificial insemination. Four elements are necessary for In Vitro Fertilization to take place. First, you mus