Astronomy Essays & Term Papers

106 total

Mayan Astronomy was better Than Babylonian Astronomy Mayan astronomy differed in several ways compared to Babylonian astronomy. Among the numerous ways were their different beliefs in the heavens, space, planets Earth and even their calendars. The Mayan calendar is one of the world’s most ancient calendar systems. Even though it is seen as the most complex, it is also seen as the most accurate. The 260-day and the 365-day cycle’s are almost exactly equal to the actual solar yea

Copernicus and Ptolemy Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences. Two of the greatest astronomers of all time are Claudius Ptolemy and Nicolaus Copernicus. These men had very different ideas and theories. Claudius Ptolemy was born around 100 A.D. and died around 165 A.D. He was considered one of the greatest Greek astronomers and geographers of ancient times. Very little is known about him, but he did his observations of astronomy in Alexandria, Egypt. His works are known as Almag

Born Galileo Galilei, his main contributions were, in astronomy, the use of the telescope in observation and the discovery of sunspots, lunar mountains and valleys, the four largest satellites of Jupiter, and the phases of Venus. In physics, he discovered the laws of falling bodies. Galileo was born near Pisa, on February 15, 1564. Galileo was taught by monks at Vallombroso and then entered the University of Pisa in 1581 to study medicine. In 1589 he became professor of mathematics at Pisa, wh

ISAAC NEWTON The world would be very different from how it is now if it weren t for Isaac Newton. His discoveries are the foundation of science as we know it today. Many people consider him to be the father of modern science. Many of his equations and formulas are still used by scientists and mathematicians all over the world. One of the many fields of study Isaac Newton helped to advance was astronomy. Before Newton s time, the movements of the planets were thought to have been contr

Radio astronomy uses radio waves to study regions of space. Radio waves are a form of electromagnetic radiation - like visible light waves only with much longer wavelengths. Visible light waves are oscillating electromagnetic signals with wavelengths of less than one millionth of a metre, whereas radio waves have wavelengths in the range of a few millimetres to several metres. Radio telescopes gather and concentrate the radio waves from an astronomical source. The signal received is then ele

Pythagorean Theorem The Greek philosopher Pythagoras of Samos is responsible of great advances in the study of astronomy, mathematics and the theory of music. A tyrant ruled Samos at the time and Pythagoras fled to southern Italy at about 532 BC. In Croton, Pythagoras founded a religious school that also specialized in philosophy. Pythagoras's school made outstanding advances and contributions to the study of mathematics. His school was very private and secretive which made it hard for re

August Ferdinand Möbius was born on November 17, 1790 in Schulpforta, Germany. (Then called Saxony.) He was the only child of Johann Heinrich Mobius, a dancing teacher. She was related to the famous Martin Luther, the man responsible for writing the document known as the 96 Thesis. Möbius himself was home schooled until he was thirteen. Showing an avid interest in mathematics, he went to college in Schulpforta, Germany in 1803. When Möbius graduated from college in 1809 he became

Edwin Hubble, was an American astronomer who has had an enormous impact on science, often compared to Isaac Newton and Galileo. Hubble has helped change our thoughts and perception of the universe in two important ways. First, Hubble confirmed the existence of other galaxies other than the Milky Way, during a time when many people thought the Milky Way was the entire universe. Secondly, with the help of other astronomers, he confirmed that the universe was expanding at a constant rate by de

Nicolas Copernicus Nicolas Copernicus 1473-1543 Physics February 8, 2000 Nicolas Copernicus Nicolas Copernicus 1473-1543 Copernicus was born in Poland in 1473, he started his education at Cracow University. There he studied mathematics and optics. From here he went to Italy, where he was appointed as a canon in the cathedral of Frauenburg, where he spent a comfortable academic life studding. Copernicus had some small hobbies while at the cathedral, he painted, and frequently

ASTRONOMY A New Black Hole Scientific American September 13, 2000 Evidence that the heavens house a previously unknown type of black hole was reported by scientists yesterday. Data from NASA s Chandra X-Ray Observatory revealed a hole was some 600 light-years from the center of the starburst galaxy M82. The brightness of the x-ray source indicates that this moon-size hole has the mass of at least 500 suns, making it intermediate between stellar black holes and the supermassive black ho

Galileo was an Italian physicist and astronomer who with the German astronomer Johannes kelper initiated the scientific revolution that began the work of Sir Isaac Newton. Galileos main interest was astronomy he used the telescope which he invented using optic lenses to see sunspots on the sun loonier mountains and valleys the four largest satellites of Jupiter and the phases of Venus. He also discovered the laws of falling objects and the motion of moving projectiles. At Padua Galileo inve

Astrology Astrology is the study of how events that happened on earth depending of to the positions and movements of astronomical bodies, including the sun, the moon, planets, and stars. Astrologers (people that study astrology) believe that the position of astronomical bodies at the exact moment of a person’s birth and the following movements of the bodies reflect that person’s character and their destiny. For many years, scientists have rejected the principles of astrology. Sti

Astrology From the dawn of civilisation, humans have looked with wonder and awe at the heavens, seeking to understand the nature of the sun moon and planets. Astrology and astronomy are sometimes confused, but they are both very different from each other. Astrology and astronomy started off as being the same as they had both developed a set of principals the originated more than 2000 years ago. But during the 1500's and 1600's several astronomers made discoveries about the heavenly bodies

Benjamin Banneker Benjamin Banneker was a phenomenal African-American mathematician, astronomer, and inventor. He was born near Baltimore, Md., on November 9, 1731. He was the son of a slave and a free black woman. He grew up as a free black, and while attending school he demonstrated early mathematical ability. His childhood curiosity led him to explore a wide variety of other subjects. In about 1771, he began to make calculations in the field of astronomy. In the science of astronom

In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the new Copernican view of astronomy, or heliocentric view, changed scientific thought and methods when it came to intellectual, social, and religious factors. In the early 1500s, traditional European ideas about the universe were still based on the 2000 year old geocentric ideas of Aristotle, a great Greek philosopher. The scientific revolution that took place replaced these views with Copernicus heliocentric model. Scientific thought and method

Jocelyn (Susan)Bell Burnell An important woman in the contribution of science is Jocelyn Bell Burnell. She is a British astronomer that discovered pulsars, which is a tiny, very dense, rapidly rotating neutron star that appear to emit radiation in pulses. Jocelyn was born in 1943 in Belfast, Northern Ireland. She was raised near the Armagh Observatory, which obviously impacted her life She graduated from Glasgow University in 1965 with a B.S. degree in Physics, and in 1968 she rec

Tycho Brahe Tyge (Latinized as Tycho) Brahe was born on 14 December 1546 in Skane, then in Denmark, now in Sweden. He was the eldest son of Otto Brahe and Beatte Bille, both from families in the high nobility of Denmark. He was brought up by his paternal uncle J rgen Brahe and became his heir. He attended the universities of Copenhagen and Leipzig, and then traveled through the German region, studying further at the universities of Wittenberg, Rostock, and Basel. During this period his intere

MARIA MITCHELL The person that I chose for the Womens History Month report is Maria Mitchell, who was a self- taught astronomer. She discovered Comet Mitchell and made amazing achievements throughout her life. Maria Mitchell was born on August 1, 1818 on the Massachusetts island of Nantucket to William and Lydia Mitchell. When Maria Mitchell was growing up in the Quaker community, few girls were allowed to study astr

Johannes Kepler, was a German astronomer and natural philosopher, noted for formulating and verifying the three laws of planetary motion. These laws are now known as Kepler's laws. Johannes Kepler was born in Weil der Stadt in Swabia, in southwest Germany. From 1574 to 1576 Johannes lived with his grandparents; in 1576 his parents moved to nearby Leonberg, where Johannes entered the Latin school. In 1584 he entered the Protestant seminary at Adelberg, and in 1589 he began his universit

Galileo Galilei "founder of modern experimental science" Galileo Galilei was one of the most remarkable scientists ever. He discovered many new ideas and theories and introduced them to mankind. Galileo helped society as an Italian astronomer and physicist, but how did he come to be such a great and well-known scientist? It took hard work and patience.... Galileo was born during the renaissance in Pisa, Italy on February 15, 1564. He was raised by his mom, Giulia Ammanati, and hi

Galileo GalileeGalileo Galilee was a pioneer of the modern physics and astronomy who was born on February 15, 1564 near Pisa, Italy. An Italian astronomer, he was the one who invented the telescope and discovered many undiscovered realms of the space. He was one of the few that challenge the idea of the earth not being at the center of the galaxy. His discovery of sunspots, lunar mountains and valleys and the satellites of Jupiter formed the basis of the modern astronomy. That is why I bel

The wisdom of striped horsesThe Internet, otherwise known as the "information super highway" is a wonderful tool filled with an endless number of resources. With the click of a mouse you can travel anywhere in the world. You can go anywhere, from astronomy to zebras. With a powerful search engine, you can normally find anything that pops into your head. The major fallacy about the Internet is the amount of knowledge that one can obtain. It is true that the Internet has an enormous quantit

Born on February 19, 1473, in Torun, Poland, Nicolaus Copernicus was one of the most important people in the history of astronomy. After the death of his father, a wealthy merchant, he was sent to live with his uncle. His uncle sent him to the University of Krakow, which was famous for its philosophy, mathematics, and astronomy. After that he decided to study liberal arts at Bologna, medicine at Padua, and law at the University of Ferrara. Then he returned to Poland and settled a

Astronomy 201 Astronomer, Shen Kua Shen Kua was born in China in the year 1026. Shen Kua was born to Shen Chou and his wife Hsa. His family had an unbroken tradition of being civil servants. Thus his father was a local administrator of many posts from Szechwan in the west to the international port of Amoy. At Sixteen years old Shen Kua left his home to travel with his father from post to post. While traveling with his father, Shen Kua learned the responsibilities of a local ad

Archemides Archimedis was born in 287 BC. We also know that Archimedes died in 212 BC at the age of 75 in Syracuse. It is said that a Roman soldier, who was offended by Achimedes, while the Romans seized Syracuse, killed him. Archimedes had a wide variety of interests, which included encompassing, statistics, hydrostatics, optics, astronomy, engineering, geometry, and arithmetic. Archimedes had more stories passed down through history about his clever inventions than his mathematic

In modern day astronomy and the study of the universe, individuals usually come up with predictions and then gather information and data in order to prove or disprove their hypothesis. Other astronomers in the history of astronomy did the same and came up with their own conclusions based on the data they collected. Some of their predictions were correct, and some were way off, but for the most part they progressed the study of the universe to the point where society is today. Astron

Is Evolution a Fact or a Theory? Both. In Darwin's day, and before, many naturalists theorized that living things were somehow related in a manner beyond that of their obvious common differences from non-living matter. These speculations, including those of Darwin, are appropriately termed theories: speculations about nature that were informed by observation and subject to test by additional observations. Over the years since the introduction of a theory of evolution by Charles Darw

Paper #1 The article that I have reviewed is on NASA’s close-up images of asteroid Eros. A CNN staff writer talks about the way the images of the asteroid looks and writes how scientists make observations. The scientists believe that the asteroid may have broken off from small planet from the observations of the images. The robot ships pictures show signs of geological layering. The scientist’s educated guesses are that Eros was once part of a larger body and the images

Throughout history different cultures have let astronomy shape their beliefs and customs. One such culture that has traditions rich in astronomy is the Japanese culture. Since I am half Japanese, I thought I would discuss some of the traditions found in Japanese culture. Further, I will explain how these aincient traditions and beliefs are still present in modern day society in Japan. I found some really great websites which I will use to write my essay. The first website focuses primar

Pseudo-science is all around us, trying to fool us into believing something that is false. What is pseudo-science? It's a set of beliefs, often hidden in a collection of scientific-sounding gibberish, that is usually put forward by people who may be sincere in their beliefs, but often are trying to make money by fooling you. Astrology is the oldest pseudo-science that influenced modern day astronomy. It is said that planets giving off a certain force are the reason why astrology can be acc

Johannes Kepler Johannes Kepler is now remembered for discovering the three laws of planetary motion, and writing about them in books that were published in 1609 and 1619. He also did important work in optics, discovered two new regular polyhedra, gave the first mathematical treatment of close packing of equal spheres, gave the first proof of how logarithms worked, and devised a method of finding the volumes of solids of revolution. This can be seen as contributing to the development o

Stephen Ferruzza Astronomy project #3 Quasars Theories of how quasars are created is based on the idea that the universe is expanding. Amoung astronomers, the popular consensus is that the earth is in an expanding univerise and the laws of physics will hold true beyond our planet. Some astronomers belive that at the beginning of the universe was a time when many galixies would be visible to the naked eye because the universe was more condesed than it is at the present day. In the cent

Galileo Galilei's father, Vincenzo Galilei (c.1520 - 1591), who described himself as a nobleman of Florence, was a professional musician. He carried out experiments on strings to support his musical theories. Galileo studied medicine at the university of Pisa, but his real interests were always in mathematics and natural philosophy. He is chiefly remembered for his work on free fall, his use of the telescope and his employment of experimentation. After a spell teaching mathematics,

Aztec Native people who controlled central Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest (16th cent.), with a Nahuatlan language of the Uto-Aztecan stock (see NATIVE AMERICAN LANGUAGES). Until the founding of their capital, Tenochtitlán (c.1325), the Aztec were a poor nomadic tribe in the valley of Mexico. In the 15th cent. they became powerful, subjugating the Huastec to the north and the MIXTEC and ZAPOTEC to the south, and achieving a composite civilization based on a TOLTEC and Mixte

To the modern reader, Aristotle's views on astronomy, as presented in Metaphysics, Physics, De Caelo (On the Heavens) and Simplicius' Commentary, will most likely seem very bizarre, as they are based more on a priori philosophical speculation than empirical observation. Although Aristotle acknowledged the importance of "scientific" astronomy - the study of the positions, distances and motions of the stars - he nevertheless treated astronomy in the abstract, linking it to his overall philosophi

Brahmagupta was born c. 598, in Bhillamala, which was located in Northwestern India. The suffix -gupta probably indicated that the family belonged to the Vaisya caste (made up of mostly farmers and merchants). He likely lived the majority of his life in Ujjain, India, which at the time was the center of Hindu astronomy and mathematics. There he had access to the best observatory in India as well as the writings of many great scientists and mathematicians who came before him, such as He

Copernicus' work on planetary motion stood an a very high mathematical level for his times. His theory explained how all the celestial bodies move around the Sun. It took Nicolaus 30 years of mathematical research to form a theory about planetary motion. The three most popular instruments which Copernicus used were quadrant, armilla, and triquetrum. All furnish some measure of the position of the heavenly body. It took an endless amount of mathematical calculations to come up with

Nicolaus Copernicus Nicolaus Copernicus was born in 1473 in Poland to a family of merchants and municipal officals. Copernicus later moved in with his uncle Bishop Lukasz Watzenrode. Nicolaus obtained a better education while living with his uncle. Copernicus entered Jagullonian University in 1491. He studied the liberial arts for four years without recieving a degree. He then went to Italy to study medicine and law. In 1497 Copernicus began to study canon law at the Universit

Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer, best known for the astronomical theory that the sun is stationary and Earth, spinning on it’s axis once daily, revolves around the sun annually. He was very intelligent and was educated at various universities. If Copernicus hadn’t challenged Pltolmy’s theory, it would have affected us in many ways. Space travel, satellites, and weather prediction would not be as advanced. Nicolaus Copernicus was born on February 19, 1473 in Torun, P

Nicolas Copernicus (1473-1543) Copernicus is said to be the founder of modern astronomy. He was born in Poland,1 and eventually was sent off to Cracow University, there to study mathematics and optics; at Bologna, cannon law. Returning from his studies in Italy, Copernicus, through the influence of his uncle, was appointed as a canon in the cathedral of Frauenburg where he spent a sheltered and academic life for the rest of his days. Because of his clerical position, Copernicus mov

Paradigm - the unwritten rules in which we literally govern our lives with. When these rules are broken or violated we become uncomfortable. It is the need of every human being on earth to have direction and order. Without direction and order we find ourselves lost, confused, and even helpless. Paradigms are found virtually everywhere and on many different levels. However, the role of paradigm in science holds a very important position. Paradigm in science simply governs the ways in whic

Nicholas Copernicus Nicholas Copernicus is often considered one of the founders of modern astronomy. His discovery's led him to the conclusion that the Earth rotates on its axis and that it, like all the other planets, revolves around the sun. His discovery's influenced those scientists and astrologers thatcame after him, such as Galileo, Newton and Kepler. Nicholas Copernicus was born on February 19, 1473, in Thorn, Poland. His maternal uncle raised him after his father's death. This en

Galileo Galilei was one of the most influential men of the Renaissance. He was a mathematician, physicist, astronomer, inventor, and among other things he was a philosopher. He integrated the independent sciences of math and physics, and unified them. The popular view of the public at the time was Aristotle's theory that the Earth is the center of the universe. Galileo stood against that common view and declared to the world that the Earth is not the center. This concept that humans a

Nicolaus Copernicus His Life: Throughout history people have always looked up at the sky and wondered about the universe. Some just wonder while others attempt to solve this mystery. One of the people who had endeavored to solve it was Nicolaus Copernicus. Copernicus was born in the present day town of Torun, Poland in February of 1473. While still a young boy, Copernicus was put in custody of his uncle when his father died. His uncle made sure that his nephew got the best education t

Uzbekistan Central Asia has one of the world’s earliest civilizations. Archeological research shows and proves that humans lived in Uzbekistan long before 2000 B. C. The first agricultural societies developed in 2000 B. C. farmers started breeding sheep cattle and horses. They also irrigated the land to grow wheat, barley and millet. People in the mountains had harder time surviving. They had land but it was rocky and bad for raising crops. Because of that it was very important for

Amy A. Zeleznik Peter Anderson GSC 158 11 November 1999 Quasars and Active Galaxies The astronomical world is full of phenomena beyond the average person’s imagination. The technical tools and analytical methods astronomers use are very complex. The enormous numbers and distances are mind boggling. Theories behind astronomical phenomena are based on yet another theory. In order to understand the concept of quasars and active galaxies, one must first have a feel for the astron

Women's roles were the subject of change in the 16th and 17th century, as they began to actively participate in scientific research and discussions. This change did not happen easily because a great deal of men were still reluctant to acknowledge any sort of equality. Many women proved their ability by earning doctorates like Dorothea Erxleben, who was the first woman granted a German M.D. at the University of Halle. She spoke openly about the discrimination facing her and explained how ma

A supernova is a STAR that explodes. It suddenly increases in brightness by a factor of many billions, and within a few weeks it slowly fades. In terms of the human lifespan, such explosions are rare occurrences. In our Milky Way galaxy, for example, a supernova may be observed every few hundred years. Three such explosions are recorded in history: in 1054, in 1572, and in 1604. The CRAB NEBULA consists of material ejected by the supernova of 1054. Such materials, known as super

Topology Topological ideas are present in almost all areas of today's mathematics. The subject of topology itself consists of several different branches, such as point set topology, algebraic topology and differential topology, which have relatively little in common. We shall trace the rise of topological concepts in a number of different situations. Perhaps the first work which deserves to be considered as the beginnings of topology is due to Euler. In 1736 Euler published a paper on the so

Ancient Greece: A Comparative Essay Ancient Greece 950 BCE was a culture that took great pride in perfection, excellence and overall greatness. The people weren’t what today’s society would consider modern, but of their time they were. The Greeks essentially molded the creative world with their intelligence in art, architecture, and astronomy for many cultures to come. The Romans who basically claimed the Greeks developments as their own destroyed many of their ideas and