Marie Curie - Hitory Term Paper

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Marie Curie

Maire Curie was born in Warsaw, Poland on November 7, 1867. Her parents were both teachers, her father a teacher of math and physics. However working in Russian Poland and being polish he wasn't paid very well. As a young child Marie was very smart and eager to learn. She learned to read at the age of four and at he age of 15 she graduated high school and was at the top of her class. After her graduation, Marie and her sister went to study at the Sorbonne University in Paris. They made their way through school by tutoring students for money and paying their way through. It is there where Marie decided to become a physics teacher, after her father. However, for Marie and her sister it was not that easy. Marie went back to Warsaw and worked in laboratories doing experiments because of a lack of money, while her sister became a medical doctor in Paris. In 1891 Marie moved to Paris where with the help from her sister she would get her degree in physics in 1893. Marie was soon after given a scholarship to the Sorbonne where she could finish her studies.

In 1895 Marie got married to her husband Pierre Curie. In 1897 they had their first child Irene Joiliot Curie who would also go into the field of science. Marie and Pierre began working together on radioactivity. Together they discovered two highly radioactive elements, Radium and Polonium. As a result in 1903 they both received a Nobel prize in physics. However, in 1906 Pierre died suddenly form being hit by a carriage. Marie took over his classes at the Sorbonne and became the first women professor at the Sorbonne University. While teaching at the University, Marie continued to conduct her research on radioactivity. As well as founding the Paris Institute of Radium. In 1911 she received another Nobel prize in chemistry, for her work in on radium. However, in 1934 Marie died from radiation poisoning. At that time they were discovering and learning about this element. There was no way for her to know that it was dangerous, and as a result she died, giving herself and her work to science.

Marie Curie was one on the most notable women in the world. She was the first women to receive their doctorate from the Sorbonne. She was the first women to receive a Nobel prize. She is one of the two people ever to receive two Nobel prizes. Marie's daughter Irene also received a Nobel prize in chemistry. Marie was the first women to ever teach at the Sorbonne. As a result of her extreme merits in science, receiving 15 gold medals, 19 degrees and other honors, her ashes were laid under the Pantheon in Paris. Along with her husband they were moved in 1995 under the dome of the Pantheon in Paris where many famous and notable people are buried, such as Victor Hugo. She was and is the first women to receive this honor. Marie's life is one that has been a great inspiration to women across the world, her amazing achievements, and her devotion and contributions to science is one that will always be remembered.

"Life is not easy for any of us. But what of that? We must have perseverance and above all confidence in ourselves. We must believe that we are gifted for something and that this thing must be attained."

-Marie Curie

Work Cited

1) Maire Sklodowska-Curie. Science in Poland. 3-5-00.

http://hum.amu.edu.pl/-zbzw/ph/sci/msc.htm

2) Marie Curie. Michael Webb. 3-5-00. www.mbnet.mb.ca/ mmci/papers/lisa/curie2.html

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