Term Paper On Health Effects Of Smoking
It has been inculcated to us for many years that cigarette smoking is dangerous to our health more than it is beneficial. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) acknowledges that cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable death worldwide, and is in fact causing approximately 7 million deaths per year. Furthermore, smoking causes various diseases as well including tuberculosis, pneumonia, and heart and pulmonary diseases, among others which can cause death as it is – the number one effect of smoking.
Various studies posit that smokers die ten to fifteen years earlier than non-smokers because it exposes the smoker to various risks all leading to death. Above all the other diseases, cancer is by far the principal disease caused by smoking. In fact, smoking causes more death annually than alcohol and illegal drug use, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and other causes including vehicular accidents combined. This serious issue is because of the fact that cigarettes contain nicotine which is addicting, hence, smokers find it difficult to quit smoking. As a result, smoking caused premature deaths of U.S. citizens ten times than those that died in all the wars fought by United States. A perfectly healthy person who starts smoking at any age automatically becomes exposed to risks of acquiring many diseases because the ingredients of cigarettes can directly affect various internal organs – most likely the person’s lungs. Even if the person does not have a first-degree relative who died from, say, cardiovascular disease, smoking can cause stroke and coronary heart disease – two of the leading causes of death in the U.S., making the smoker prone to acquiring the said diseases even without a genetic possibility. The smoke directly enters a person’s lungs, hence, increasing a healthy person’s chance to get emphysema, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and of course, lung cancer. Aside from cancer of the lungs, smoking can also cause cancer to other organs including esophagus, trachea, and larynx (throat cancer), cervix, bladder, liver, stomach, and kidney, among others. The fact that people who have relatives who suffered from cancer already have a greater chance of acquiring the disease, what more if this risk is heightened due to smoking? Cigarette smoking can also harm not only the smoker, but also those who take the second-hand smoke, hence, those who have are living with a smoker take a greater chance of acquiring the said diseases more than the smoker him or herself.
Aside from these diseases, smoking can also harm an unborn child, weaken bone structure, increase the chances of ectopic pregnancy, cause deformities to a child including orofacial clefts, reduce fertility and increase chance of miscarriage, and increase risk of acquiring diabetes among the many diverse effects of cigarette smoking. The CDC stated that if nobody smoked, one in every three deaths would not happen, and that is just in United States. Think about what a smoke-free world can bring.