Essay On Medical Purposes Of Marijuana
More and more countries and states legalize Cannabis sativa or Marijuana for its various medical purposes, however, it is important to note that marijuana is utilized mainly for pain caused by serious medical conditions and illnesses such as cancer, not for any certain healing properties it may have since this has not been proven yet, although there are indeed cases where cannabis may have helped in curing a specific disease. Marijuana, in consideration of its possible benefits, is called medical marijuana and is subject to many regulatory reservations.
Marijuana is considered as a Schedule I drug; scheduled drugs refer to substances which medical purposes are limited and is still in continuous inquiry. Schedule 1 drugs refer to substances or chemicals which has no definite acceptance for medical usage and are considered as highly susceptible to being abused. Cannabis is composed of cannabinoids that cause a euphoric effect to the body, particularly tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta 9 THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), making it highly addictive. This fact then is the very reason why Marijuana, despite its acceptable medical purposes, is still considered as an element of drug abuse in many countries. Even in states where medical marijuana is approved, there are still specific requirements and identification processes for a person to be able to purchase medical marijuana. For one, a person needs a written prescription from a licensed doctor. In some states, they would require an individual to get a medical marijuana identification card in order to be allowed to purchase the item from dispensaries. Note that most states, if not all, also has a master list of all names of patients or representatives who are allowed to acquire cannabis products, therefore breaking the idea that it is simply legal to consume marijuana in those locations.
Medical marijuana, by the way, is not taken as is. The Food and Drug Administration has approved cannabinoid-based medicines such as Syndros and Cesamet (nabilone and dronabinol). Again, it is important to emphasize that medical marijuana is not fully recognized as a cure for cancer or any other fatal disease, it is only accepted as an aiding element especially to help a patient through pain, nausea, and to control seizures as cannabinoids can help relax a person. In some cases, medical marijuana can slow the growth or spread of cancer cells, reduce inflammation, reduce anxiety leading to panic attacks, and kick start appetite for weight improvement in relation to diseases that cause severe weight loss. In general, medical marijuana is used to control two severe forms of epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet syndrome. Other illnesses to which medical marijuana may be recommended by licensed physicians are cancer, glaucoma, muscle spasms, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), eating disorders, and Alzheimer’s disease, among others. Medical marijuana or cannabinoids can be taken in various ways. As discussed, there are specific medicines that are cannabinoid-based, hence, they can be taken orally or via intravenous therapy, however, direct byproducts of cannabis can be smoked, vaporized, eaten (mixed into food as part of the recipe such as cakes, among others), applied directly onto the skin (cannabis oil and the like), or extraction drops under the patient’s tongue.
Of course, like many medicines in question, medical marijuana is also facing various inquiries because of the weight of its negative effects. Mainly, its hallucinatory effect is a problematic characteristic when arguing the benefits of marijuana in relation to mental disorders, chiefly on patients with schizophrenia. Marijuana can alter a person’s senses in all aspects, not just the visual. Over time, it may affect brain growth especially for the young patients, and can impair critical thinking. Marijuana can also bring in lung issues, increase heart rate, lower blood pressure, and dizziness affecting coordination and such, making patients exposed to the said substance a subject for fall risk. Furthermore, cannabinoids are highly addictive, hence, the patients may become dependent on it, and even if there is no need to take medical marijuana, the craving for the substance might just cause other problems.
The Food and Drug Administration recognizes the numerous potential benefits of marijuana in the healthcare industry, however, this is a tricky case to handle. Once it is fully legalized, marijuana may become subject of abuse by many and it will be like adding salt to the wound in terms of the war on drugs.