Future Adaptations:Stingray Term Paper

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Future Adaptations:Stingray

Survival of the Stingray

Imagine yourself 150,000 years in the future. Another ice age is in full force.

Temperatures are much colder, vegetation has ceased to exist, along with several

entire animal

species. The lion, once the king of the jungle, is no more than an alley cat scavenging

for food.

The great white shark- reduced to the size of goldfish. A new predator is on the prowl.


stingray, once limited to shallow, sandy beaches, has evolved! With it's new

adaptations the power

of the stingray is unfurled, free to roam in the wide expanse of sea, air, and land.

Many advantages have evolved in the once conservative stingray. From the large

size of

the present day animal, the stingray has been reduced in size and weight from an

average of 12

feet, 60 pounds to 3 feet, 15 pounds to provide from speed, stealth, and agility. The

broad flattened

pectoral fins have grown a protective hard scale resistant to the hardest of an enemy's

teeth, along

with the secretion of a special enzyme that causes pain and damage along with a

bitter taste to

avoid being eaten. It's powerful tail has been lengthened to provide offensive

coverage in a 360

degree area. Along with the sharp, barbed spines and deadly poisonous glands, the

stingray is now

an formidable opponent.

With the decrease in food supply, the stingray has adapted with his environment.


a sole marine animal, a stingray's diet has now included the usual fish and

crustaceans to birds and

small rodents. To achieve this new source of food, the stingray now has the capability

to move on

land in the form of a speedy slithering such as a snake might move. A set of lungs

accompany this

adaptation enabling the stingray to breathe on land as well as water. In addition to

land and sea, if

a stingray should swim swiftly to the surface and break out high above, his new

capability to glide

would take effect. With a limit of a few minutes the stingray cannot sustain continued

flight. He

would be able to act as a scavenger stealing away kills from other predators and

returning to the

murky depths. The bland coloring of his skin enables him to hide from the predators

as his skin

reflects off the colors surrounding his environment.

In a land surrounded by ice and water, a hard nose tooth, similar to a tusk, has grown


allow the stingray to break into crevices where urchins and such may be hiding. This

also enables

him to use the tooth as a weapon against invaders. In the harsh conditions of this new

ice age, the

stingray has evolved a number of advantages that should ensure their life span of

their species well

into the future.

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