Who is America's 48th President? An Essay on Joe Biden

Research PaperHistory
Nov 2, 2020

A Brief Background

Who is Joe Biden?

President-elect Joseph Robinette Biden Jr., more popularly known as Joe Biden, is a 77 (almost 78!) year old Democrat born on the 20th of November 1942. He has had four children, Beau, Robert, Naomi, and Ashley. Sadly, only two of them are alive today. A thirteen month old Naomi, along with her mother Jill, lost their lives before reaching the hospital due to a car accident. Beau on the other hand, lived to be the Attorney General of Delaware and passed away from brain cancer at the age of 46 in 2015. President Joe Biden is currently happily married to his wife, Jill.

Joe Biden suffered from stutter when he was young and was bullied because of it. He went to St. Helena School until he got the chance to be accepted in Archmere Academy. He had to help his family pay for his tuition by cleaning the school windows and weeding the gardens. He also started playing football during his stay in Archmere. After graduating, he studied history and political science at the University of Delaware. He admitted that he was more focused on football, girls, and parties than academics during his first two years in college.

Aside from serving in the Senate, he was a professor at Wilmington, Delaware, a branch of the Widener University School of Law. He was also known to be a big fan of ice cream and for taking the 75-minute Amtrak train to commute every day for 36 years. He’s also a gearhead who’s subscribed to the Car and Driver magazine and receives notifications from them in his phone.

He was chosen by America to be the 46th president of the United States. He won with 290 electoral votes. The race was over last Saturday, November 7, when Pennsylvania, Joe Biden’s birthplace, put in their 20 electoral votes. That caused the total to go over 270 electoral votes which was more than what was needed to win the presidential race. He is the oldest American president to date.

Who won the 2020 U.S. Elections?

His Political Background

He has worked as an attorney in his hometown, Delaware, where he lived since his teenage years, before he went on to become the fifth youngest senator in the history of United States at 29 years old. The tragic accident that took the lives of his wife and youngest daughter happened a couple weeks after he won against incumbent J. Caleb Boggs for a seat in the United States Senate. He contemplated putting his political career on hold in his grief-stricken state, but family members managed to urge him to honor his commitment to represent Delaware in the Senate. He decided to take the oath of office in his son Beau’s hospital room instead of joining the other new senators in Washington for the swearing in.

He served as the chair of the Senate’s Foreign Relations Committee and the Committee on the Judiciary and was a member of the International Narcotics Control Caucus. He primarily focused on issues involving foreign relations, criminal justice, and drug policy as a senator. He also sponsored the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act to add 100,000 police officers back in 1994.


Three Presidential Campaigns

By 1987, he was already established and one of the most prominent Democratic lawmakers in Washington. He had decided to run for presidency but his campaign was cut short in just three months after a scandal. He was accused of having parts of his speech plagiarized from Neil Kinnock, a British Labor Party leader. Biden insisted that not properly crediting his source was an honest mistake on his part. He still dropped out from the race a few weeks after the controversy after  plagiarism reports during his academic years surfaced.

20 years later, in 2008, he again ran for presidency but his campaign never did get any traction (much momentum). The field was pretty much dominated by Barrack Obama and Hillary Clinton back then. He withdrew from the race after receiving less than a percent in the Iowa caucuses. Former President Barrack Obama chose Biden to be the Democratic Party’s vice presidential nominee after several months. On 2009, they were both sworn in on office as the 44 th president and 47th vice president of the United States of America.

As a vice president, Joe Biden played an active role in the administration. To name a few notable things he did, he played a hand in formulating federal policies relating to Iraq and Afghanistan, securing a passage of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty between the United States and Russian Federation, he helped avert several budget crises. Just days before they, Obama and Biden, left for office in 2017, the president awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

He decided to not run for the presidential candidacy in 2016 but instead backed up Hillary Clinton in hers. She ultimately lost to Donald Trump. Even if he did not run, he promised that he will not be silent and will continue to speak out and influence where he can.

Last 2019, Biden announced that he would again be running for president in the next campaign period. He officially became the Democratic Party’s presidential nominee in August 2020. After a series of heated and messy exchanges in debates with Donald Trump during the campaign, he emerged as a winner in the elections after 4 days on November 7, with a total of 290 electoral votes.


Where He Stands on Some Important Issues

Regarding education, his initial plan was to make community colleges tuition free. He currently proposes to expand that plan to cover public universities, historically black universities, and for families that make less than $125,000.

On health care, he plans to increase the choices of the Affordable Care Act and make it easier to navigate.

Concerning climate change, he plans that the United States achieve a carbon-free sector by the year 2035 and invest $2 trillion for green energy and infrastructure during his first 4 years in office.

On racial inequality, he plans to provide an additional $300 million to fund community-based policing and to pair police with mental health professionals so they will be able to address the community’s needs better.

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Biography.com Editors. (2014, April 2). Joe Biden Biography. Biography.com. https://www.biography.com/political-figure/joe-biden

Glueck, K. & Kaplan, T. (2020, November 7). A President-Elect Shaped by Tragedy and Tradition. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/07/us/politics/joe-biden.html

Karson, K. & Nagle, M. (2020, October 8). Joe Biden: What you need to know about the Democratic presidential nominee. ABC News.  https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/joe-biden-entering-2020-field/story?id=61078936

Stanton, Z & Muller, J. (2020, May 3). 55 Things You Need to Know About Joe Biden.  Politico. https://www.politico.com/news/magazine/2020/03/05/biden-2020-president-facts-what-you-should-know-campaign-121422

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. (2020). Joe Biden. In Encyclopedia Britannica https://www.britannica.com/biography/Joe-Biden

Waxman, O. (2019, August 2). Why Joe Biden’s First Campaign for President Collapsed After Just 3 Months.  Time. https://time.com/5636715/biden-1988-presidential-campaign/


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