History: Russia Essays & Term Papers

119 total

The coming of the Black Death, when in just two years perhaps one third to one half of Europe's population was destroyed, marks a watershed in Medieval and Renaissance European History. Bubonic plague (Yersinia pestis) had been absent from Western Europe for nearly a millenium when it appeared in 1348. The reaction was immediate and devastating. Up to two thirds of the population of many of the major European cities succumbed to the plague in the first two years. Government, trade and commerce v

Joseph Stalin Stalin was a dictator of the U.S.S.R from 1929 until 1953. He rose from bitter poverty to become ruler of the country that covered one sixth of all the land area in the world. Stalin ruled by terror for most of his years in office. He didn't allow anybody to say anything about his ideas. Stalin killed all who had helped him rise to power because he thought they would threaten his rules. Stalin was responsible for millions of deaths of Soviet peasants who discrased wit

Joanne Hawkins May 18th 1998 HISTORY To what extent can the consolidation phase of the revolution (1923-1939) be called a revolution from above? Stalin's rise to power and the subsequent introduction of his new industrially based Five Year economic plans in 1928 can be defined as a revolution from above. During the consolidation period between 1923 and 1939, he successfully industrialised Russia to such an extent that he had taken the nation from a backward, essentially peasant based

Joanne Hawkins May 18th 1998 HISTORY To what extent can the consolidation phase of the revolution (1923-1939) be called a revolution from above? Stalin's rise to power and the subsequent introduction of his new industrially based Five Year economic plans in 1928 can be defined as a revolution from above. During the consolidation period between 1923 and 1939, he successfully industrialised Russia to such an extent that he had taken the nation from a backward, essentially peasant based

OUnless we accept the claim that LeninOs coup dOZtat gave birth to an entirely new state, and indeed to a new era in the history of mankind, we must recognize in todayOs Soviet Union the old empire of the Russians -- the only empire that survived into the mid 1980OsO (Luttwak, 1). In their Communist Manifesto of 1848, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels applied the term communism to a final stage of socialism in which all class differences would disappear and humankind would live in h

Introduction The fall of the Communist regime in the Soviet Union was more than a political event. The powerful interaction and fusion between politics and economics that characterized the state socialist system created a situation that was unique for the successor states of the Soviet Union. The penetration of the Communist regime into every facet of life left the Russian people with little democratic traditions. Russia faces the seemingly impracticable task of economic liberalization

The quotation, "'I shall maintain the principle of autocracy just as firmly and unflinchingly as it was preserved by my unforgettable dead father.' (Nicholas II) In spite of the Czar's decrees and declarations, Russia, by the beginning of the 20th century, was overripe for revolution," is supported by political and socioeconomic conditions late monarchial Russia. Nicholas II was the Czar of Russia from 1896-1917, and his rule was the brute of political disarray. An autocrat, Nichola

Click Here For Research Papers Online! The Rise of Communism in Russia OUnless we accept the claim that LeninOs coup dOZtat gave birth to an entirely new state, and indeed to a new era in the history of mankind, we must recognize in todayOs Soviet Union the old empire of the Russians -- the only empire that survived into the mid 1980OsO (Luttwak, 1). In their Communist Manifesto of 1848, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels applied the term communism to a final stage of socialism in wh

How does the Russian Revolution of 1917 compare with the Revolution of 1989? This essay will be structured into three separate parts for comprehensibility. Firstly, I shall explain the factors leading up to the 1917 revolution and the revolution itself, and secondly, I shall do the same with the Revolution of 1989. Finally, to round everything together, there will be a comparison of the similarities and differences between the two revolutions. Onward: For as long as anyone alive during

Topic: Stalin's Leadership style exacerbated and created new problems in the Soviet Union. Discuss During his years as General Secretary of the Soviet Union, Josef Stalin encountered many social, economical and political problems which were left unsolved at the time of Lenin's premature death in 1924. Economic problems involving issues such as agriculture and industrialisation. Political problems related to politics, both in terms of foreign and domestic policy and also the military. Social p

Due: December 1, 1997 Russian Fairy Tales Fairy tales, myths and folklore are all types of literature that teach us about the history and the culture of other countries. Hundreds of fairy tales have been published around the world including works by Hans Christan Andersen, Charles Dickens and John Ruskin. A lot can be learned about the traditions and values of people through fairy tales. The Russian fairy tales teach us the characteristics of the Russian people for hundreds of years.

Cold War Intensification between 1947 and 1953 During the period of 1947 to 1953 relations between East and west continued to deteriorate. The first problems aroused after disagreements on what should happen to the now divided Germany. All parties involved wanted to reunify Germany, however a decision could not be reached over how this would be done. It was agreed that the Soviet Union would get German machinery to replace Industry destroyed in the war. It was also agreed that the predomin

The year is 1933. An Austrian radical named Adolf Hitler takes over the troubled country of Germany and sets forth on a jihad of Aryan conquest that ultimately results in the deaths of over 50 million people and affects the entire world. The most destructive war in the whole of human history, started by a nationalist Austrian painter, who took advantage of a grave situation in a country filled with hard working, strong people. Some claim that the cause of the ascent of Hitler was due to his incr

Peter was the first of the Romanov Czars. He ruled Russia for about 40 years. Peter's most important contribution to Russia is his trying to westernize and modernize his country. He did that by traveling through Europe, and by that, learning new ideas and ways to modernize his country. Peter modernized the clothing style; he taxed males that had long beards. He forced the nobles to wear French styles. Peter also forced nobles to have some form of education.
At that time, Russia was isolate

The Russian revolution and counter revolutions By Matt Clare The revolutions at the turn of the century in Russia consisted of two counter-revolutions; revolutions that sent the country through sweeping and bloody changes from one absolute ruler to another. All that changed where the players. The Russian revolution and counter revolutions where the composite of Russian history. The revolutions would not be possible if it where not for the effect of three hundred years of czarist on R

Imagine yourself in the midst of the end of WWII, out in the streets of Stalingrad where Joseph Stalin will be parading. The masses of people seem to continue in all directions like a vast ocean of supporters for him. As he comes down the street your ears are overwhelmed with the screaming of praise as the people fall to their knees to show their undaunted love and respect for him. You don't know what to do as you are lost in a sea of everlasting supporters, so you go along with his cause. H

The Cold War Blame Question As early as 1948, blame was being placed for the yet to be concluded Cold War era. In that day, the predominant view was that the fault lay not on the West, despite the unclearness of intentions and the icy tone of the Truman administration's relations with the USSR, but on the ever-secretive Russia. For over half a century the question of guilt in the Cold War has been debated; whether it was the west, with their lofty ideals and unclear aims, or the east, with t

Vladimir Ilych Lenin A. Vladimir Ilych Lenin was born in 1870 and died in January 1924 at the age of 52. Lenin was in power from 1917 to 1924 to be proceeded by Josef Stalin. B. Lenin was the leader of the Bolsheviks. Him and the Bolsheviks were opposed of W.W.I. Lenin believed that it was a war of the rich. He believed that it would only cause hardships for the peasants and workers. The Germans allowed Lenin and the Bolsheviks to cross through German borders into Russia. Lenin's p

Joseph Stalin was a dictator of the U.S.S.R from 1929 until 1953. He rose from bitter poverty to become ruler of the country that covered one sixth of all the land area in the world. Stalin ruled by terror for most of his years in office. He didn't allow anybody to say anything about his ideas. Stalin killed all who had helped him rise to power because he thought they would threaten his rules. Stalin was responsible for millions of deaths of Soviet peasants who disagreed with

Peter the Great: The Creator of the Golden Age of Russia Peter the Great, one of the most talked about Czars in Russian history, was a key figure in the rise of the Russian Empire, with his brute determination, and his longing to create a fabulous city. No knowing, that by creating this grand city known as St. Petersburg, he would spawn the dawning of a new age of Russia, known as the Golden Age. Peter I, as he was otherwise known, founded a spot on the Neva River, and decided to build his c

So a constitution is granted - the Russian people have their freedom. Freedom of assembly is granted - go to church have rallies. But the assemblies are surrounded my military - so much for that freedom. Freedom of speech is granted - say what you want Russian people. But there is still censorship - say what you want Russian people, but it will not be heard. Russian went through a revolution, they now have a blue, white, and red flag. But what does that really represent? Under those patriotic

Mike Prochaska Russian Cilvilization Due: December 1, 1997 Russian Fairy Tales Fairy tales, myths and folklore are all types of literature that teach us about the history and the culture of other countries. Hundreds of fairy tales have been published around the world including works by Hans Christan Andersen, Charles Dickens and John Ruskin. A lot can be learned about the traditions and values of people through fairy tales. The Russian fairy tales teach us the characteristics of th

(Sorry, I didn't add my work's cited page.) The words and actions of Joseph Stalin, Russian leader from 1922 to 1953, rippled throughout Russia and carried on to countries all over the world, including America. A ruler of terror, Stalin's ideas spread quickly, causing many to fear him. By exploring his younger years and his rise to power, one can understand his importance and degree of influence on American culture during the 1920s and 1930s. Born Iosif Vissarionovich Djugashvili, in Georg

Mikhail Gorbachev is a man who has made a great impact on our world. This Soviet leader set into action some changes that led to the end of the Cold War, the fall of the Berlin Wall, and the rise of democracy in Europe (Franklin Watts, 1990). Gorbachev was born in a time when a government campaign to end private farming brought much terror and death to the countryside of the Soviet Union. As a child he went through the horrors of Soviet life that dictator Joseph Stalin caused. One- third of

The Russian government is a time bomb just waiting to explode, you have a whole country in economic turmoil, and the leaders are frantic to try and diffuse the situation. Two leaders have tried to turn their nations around Mikhail Gorbachev of the Soviet Union, and Boris Yeltsin of Russia. Although different it is surprising they both had the same common goal… Mikhail Gorbachev was born in a small town in the Red Guard district of Stavropol province called Privolnoe. Gorbach

lenin was born 400 miles east of moscow, his background was highly privilaged. his father was a school inspector and in the army and his mother was the daughter of a docter. the first phase of lenins life was spent in political exile in siberia. his second phase in adult life was when he returned to russia following the collapse of tzarism. in october 1917 he became head of the russian government. his work eventually destroyed his health. during the final period of his life he was incap

Lenin's Impact on Russia Vladimere Lenin was a very critical character in Russian history. He might have freed the Russian civilization from Tsarist rule. The question that you must contemplate most is, did he really make Russia better at all? I would say no. Lenin promised his people "peace, land, bread" along with many other atrocious false promises. He took them out of world war one, but at what expense? For the people's freedom from war it cost the Russians scarce factories, much

ASSIGNMENT QUESTION: Why was Russia undeveloped in the 1900 s? Look at economic, social, and political reasons. Russia covered over 8 million square miles. Due to this vast size Russia appeared to be an empire of great strength, however this is not the case. There were a wide variety of people of different race, language, religion and culture, and there were many problems controlling and maintaining such a population of people over this large territory. This was a major problem for the Russi

War and Peace By: Adalaine Explain how the residents of Russia were affected by the war During a war, all people of different race, age, and sex are affected greatly. Facing the dangers of death or having to move to a different environment are two consequences of a war. In the movie War and Peace , it portrays how residents of Moscow had been affected by the war. The lower class of Moscow had been affected more than the nobles of Moscow. In the movie, it showed that the nobles lived

The purpose of this paper is to explain my opinion about Hrushevsky’s argument that Kievan history belongs to Ukraine but not to Russia. To put it plainly, I would have to disagree with Hrushevsky in his contention that Kievan history belongs exclusively to Ukraine. On the other hand, neither can I fully support the assertion that Russia is the only true inheritor of Kievan Rus’ culture. From the evidence that has been provided for both cases, I believe that it is reasonable

The Russia Revolution was a true political revolution. By this I mean there was a fundamental change in the way leaders came into power and in the goals for the country. In theory, leadership changed from a monarchy to socialism. The goals for the country changed from ownership and control of wealth was by few to control by the proletariat (the workers). In reality the change of leadership and the control of wealth and production was controlled by the Communist Party. The Russia Revolutio

Stalingrad was a key city in Russia s defenses and Germany s aspirations of conquering eastern Europe. As a port city on the Volga, Stalingrad s location proved to be important during World War II. Its heavy industry gave Germany a strong motive for invading the city. Stalingrad also was well known as an important center of communication. For these reasons, Hitler made the city the focus of his country s 1942 offensive. Stalingrad was located in the heart of Russia. It was surrounded by

In the late eighteen hundreds a new alliance was being born in Europe. Many countries started an alliance but three major countries joined together. Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy we the three major countries that wanted a better life for there people. Those three countries were called the triple alliance. You will be reading about why they formed the triple alliance, who where there enemies, and what happened to them after the war. The German Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck formed

Russia has long played a dominant role in the history of the world. Due to its sheer land size and population it is hard to ignore it. One thing that interested me is exactly where the Russian people came from and how was the first empire formed so long ago that was the beginning of the Russian Empire. Some of the things I will try to examine in this paper will be to look at some of the early peoples from the earliest known times up until the formation of the Muscovite Dynasty. I would

Stalinism. To mention this term, this policy, is to evoke panic and fright in almost all Russians. Stalin rose to become the dictator of Russia in 1929, and remained in that position until 1953. He morphed the Soviet Union from what was once one of the world's most underdeveloped countries to one of the greatest in industrialization. "Socialism in one country" was his policy, and it quickly became a ubiquitous law. Stalin ruled his country with fear and an atmosphere of terror was constantly p

The French Started WWI By 1914 the French had maneuvered themselves into a position so as to dominate the Germans in Europe. For many years before, the Franco-Prussian rivalry had grown. It had grown so much that it had become larger than the French rivalry with Britain. As Prussia expanded in the preceding century, the French found themselves at odds with their German neighbors. In the early 1870 s, the Prussians defeated the French in the Franco-Prussian war, and succeeded in captu

The provisional government, made up of the Duma and the Petrograd Soviet, was a body created to help control Russia at a moment of great turmoil. It had to set to work in Russia, 1917 after Czar Nicholas II was abdicated. The provisional government s inability to reconcile the demands of the Russian people and the need to establish a government amidst political chaos led to its ultimate failure as a body. Its neglect in answering to the people s terms, the coalition government s ineffective

The Cold War was a very complex war. Many ideas, conflicts and emotions were going on. This was a major turning point for the word war. War became a much more powerful word. However, this war did bring the people together to work at solutions like none other. We have learned from this experience. The Cold War could have been prevented. Franklin Roosevelt gave Eastern Europe to the Russians at Yalta. When Roosevelt negotiated at Yalta, he was not feeling the pain and needs of the people in Na

German Oct exports to U.S., Russia, UK rise FRANKFURT, Jan 7 (Reuters) - German exports to North America, Japan, Great Britain and Russia rose significantly in October last year, while sales to euro zone countries declined marginally, the German Federal Statistics Office said on Friday. Exports to the United States were up 12 percent year-on-year, indicating an unabated appetite for German products in the new world, the statistics office said. Shipments to Britain and Japan, u

Russian Geography and its affect on Society Russia is the biggest ruled territory in the world. From Kiev, and Moscow, down to Novosibirsk, and across to Vladivostok, its lands stretch far and wide. As a result of having such a massive piece of land, made it hard to keep up with the speed of human development. This affected Russia’s political rule in many ways. As it’s neighbors of Europe advanced in society, Russia lacked behind. Because of the geographical location of Russian la

The Congress of Vienna, convened by the states of Europe after the collapse of Napoleon I’s empire, attempted to reestablish a balance of power and restore pre-Napoleonic dynasties where possible. It was an unprecedented meeting hosted by Austrian emperor Francis I. The leading statesmen in attendance were Prince Metternich of Austria, Czar Alexander I of Russia, Frederick William III and Prince Karl von Hardenburg of Prussia, Viscount Castlereagh, Robert Stewart, and Arthur Welle

The Causes and Effects of World War I World War I was a military conflict from 1914 to 1918. It began as a local European war between Austria - Hungary and Serbia on July 28, 1914. It was transformed into a general European struggle by declaration of war against Russia on August 1, 1914 and eventually became a global war involving 32 nations. Twenty - eight of these nations, known as the Allies and the Associated Powers, and including Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and the Unite

The seventeenth century brought about a large amount of exploration, conquest, and economic depression throughout Europe. France, along with many other European nations set out for the establishment of new colonies in the Americas. Westward expansion was not the only thing going on at the time, Russia was busy moving eastward into Siberia of Northern Asia. Both France and Russia lacked a national income that could compete with that of the successful lands of Spain and England. Though ha

1. Three Emperors’s League: In 1873 this league linked the monarchs of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia in an alliance against racial movements. 2. Russian-German Reassurance Treaty: When the young impetuous German emperor William 2 dismissed Bismarck in part because of the chancellor’s friendly policy towards Russia since the 1870’s. He then adamantly refused to sign the Russian-German Reassurance Treaty, in spite of Russian willingness to do so. This fateful departure in

Cons of NATO Expansion Throughout the Clinton years the government has tried to make NATO expansion look like a risk free operation. But the truth is that there are many risks and dangers that go with the expansion of NATO. It has been said that the expansion of NATO would be a fatal error in the American policy. As NATO expands it is drawing an imaginary dividing line separating the many NATO nations from the Ukraine, Russia and other countries in the eastern half of the worl

CHECHNYA Chechnya is an independent republic located in the middle of the Caucasus Mountains. This land has always belonged to the Shemite people, decedents of the Shem. The neighboring republics all around them are very similar ethnically. The people that live in the Caucasus Mountains are not the same as the Russian people. In 1864, Chechens surrendered to Russia. During Russia's quest for national expansion, Russia desired the lands in the Caucasus region and fought against and co

Ivan the Terrible By Taylor Buckholz Ivan was born on August 25, 1530 to Vasily III, who was the Grand Duke of Moscow, and Yelena Clinskaya, his wife. Vasily III died when Ivan was only three years old, and his mother, Yelena, died five years later. As a result of his father’s death, Ivan became the leader of Moscow at the age of three. Although he held a high position was ignored as a young boy. He was living in unsuitable conditions and as a consequence, suffered from malnutriti

I think that the farm is not located any where. But obviously the farm is a symbol of Russia. The location of it I think would be anywhere. I don’t see why there would be a need to say where the farm is. The farm is to kind of cover up what Orwell really is trying to say. I can’t figure out yet though if Orwell is agreeing with Markism or if that’s what he is satirizing. He hasn’t said anything bad about animalism yet so I can’t yet figure out if Orwell is for or against. Bu

John LeDonne s book The Russian Empire and the World, 1700-1917 takes its readers through the implication of Russia s geography and how it played part in the formation of its boundaries. The author painstakingly shows the development of Russia over two centuries. LeDonne shows every aspect of Russian expansionism and its political motives behind each expansion. At times the author tells how Russia s geography hinders the development of the country. This book also serves as a tool for lo

Leaders They have a different system in Russia than what we have here. They have a President and Prime Minister for their executive branch. The Legislative branch has the Federal Assembly. The Judicial system has a lot of area like Constitutional Court, Supreme Court of Arbitration, and the Office of Procurator General. Their Leader is Boris Yelstin.He sifted form Communism in the early 90's he was the guy that took Russia into the Federation way of living. Orthodox, Russian The main r