History: Ancient Essays & Term Papers

119 total

John Maxwell Anthropology June 17, 1997 The Ancient Mariners of the Mediterranean and Ming Dynasty China: A Comparison of Seafaring in the Ancient World “Audaces fortuna iuvat!” This Roman motto which literally means “fortune favors the bold” has been cited as a common adage used by business men during the apogee of Roman Imperial domination. Most historians who have studied the Roman world of the first and second centuries AD would most likely agree that the seafarers un

Hippocrates and Galen Comparative study between the best Greek Medical doctors of ancient Times. Introduction As The Greek empire declined, Rome inherited its medical traditions and knowledge. During the 1st and 2nd centuries A.D health standards dropped considerably and outbreaks occurred of life threatening diseases. Galen of Pergamon, a follower of Hippocrates, gathered much of the medical knowledge of the time and added to it his studies of anatomy and physiology (mostly of animals). I

The life of a Woman of Rome was filled with many traditions and rules, which were carried on generation after generation. Many say that Roman women were oppressed because they were not allowed to be an active part of society and politics. The book Roman Women by J.P.V.D. Balsdon gives, what I consider to be, an accurate and detailed account of a typical woman in Rome during the Roman Empire. Balsdon writes about the married women of Rome and the formidable ceremonies needed to perform

Women in history, any history, provide a fascinating topic. Every society treats women differently and represents them differently in their history. Naturally, women are an important part in any society. In a society where the men do all of the providing and women must stay at home, women become very important in social and private life. They are the caretakers and the centers of the home. The women are responsible for the perpetuation of the society. They have the children, and they pro

Jews and Anti-Semitism in the Middle Ages Judaism, from the Middle Ages to date, can be described as an ever-discriminated culture. The Jews great resilience has allowed them to endure the tremendous torments history has brought them. A characteristic that has always sustained the Jewish people is their passion to remember. They continue remembering all that has befallen them, Their [Jews] best characteristic is their desire to remember. No other people has such an obsession with memory.

Describe Paleolithic and Neolithic cultures. What were the main characteristics of each? The Paleolithic "Old Stone" era began in about 40,000 - 10,000 B. C. The beginning of this period was marked by the first human hunter-gatherer societies. Hunting, fishing, and gathering of fruits and nuts were the main economic endeavors at the time. The responsibilities in these hunter-gathering societies were shared. The men of this period did the very dangerous hunting of large wild animals lik

The country of Greece, in 400-500 BCE was led to greatness by two city-states. These city-states, diverse in ideas and actions, were Sparta and Athens. Sparta and Athens were as different as night and day. Sparta glorified military tactics while Athens took relish in art and learning. These city-states served not only as rivals but also allies. Sparta and Athens, two city-states with nothing in common but the desire to make Greece a powerful, omnipotent nation, accomplished their go

The fall of the Sui in the early 17th century led to a new power, one that revolutionized the social and empirical structure. At its height, the Tang Empire stretched from what is now Manchuria in the northeast into what is now Vietnam in the southwest. Building on the reunification of northern China and the southern China by the Sui dynasty. The Tang Empire established a strong, centralized state system, which brought together the aristocratic clans of all regions, finally ended four

During the Archaic Period of Ancient Greece, many communities segregated themselves into small, subdivided city-states. Such cities were small, but managed to establish the very roots of democracy today. The term “polis” can be defined as an independent state governed by its population. Such a definition is accurate, however also could be considered broad and constricted. In deeper aspects, the polis was an organized state or community that worked together in upholding equivalent ri

The earliest Greek civilization thrived around 4,000 years ago. Some of the things that they had that we still use today are the arts, science, math, literature, and politics. The Greeks were known for their great intelligence, military strategies, and their buildings. All Greek's spoke the same language. This made it easier to trade and to communicate between different parts of the country. All Greeks believed in the same gods and also shared some common heritage. The Greeks bel

Augustus Caesar In ancient history there have been many great leaders who have come to the forefront to save the Roman Empire from destruction and demise. The leaders and heroes of the Roman Empire are countless, but one leader stands out from all the rest. Augustus Caesar’s contributions to Roman history helped make Rome the dominant empire we study and remember today. (Octavian) Augustus Caesar is without a doubt the greatest political leader in the history of the Roman Empire.

Hadrian Hadrian (in Latin, Publius Aelius Hadrianus) was emperor of Rome from 117-138 AD. He declared and end to the expansion of the empire and drew back to the limits established by Augusts. One of the most cultured of the emperors, he was a patron of virtually all arts. He surrounded himself with poets, philosophers, and scholars. Passionately interested in architect, he erected Rome in such magnificent buildings as the Athenaeum, the Temple of Venus and Roma, the Pantheon (re

The term "Barbarian" is Greek in origin. The Greeks originally levied it at any races who were not of a Greek origin; especially those who threatened Greek civilization and culture. Because most of these "strangers" regularly assaulted Greek cities, the term "barbarian" gradually evolved into a rude term: a person who was a sub-human, uncivilized, and regularly practiced the most vile and inhuman acts imaginable. It is obvious that a barbarian has not been considered as a member

Women’s lives were improved and expanded in the Hellenistic age more so than at any other time prior Greek history. Papyri from Egypt and Coele-Syria have led to the discovery of documents on marriage contracts, inscriptions of philanthropy, and the daily lives of the women in that period. The Hellenistic woman changed in many ways. She became more educated, more cultured, and she received domestic freedom and her new legal and occupational advancements and a whole other myriad of

Sparta: Uncultured Discipline The Spartans were the most formidable warriors in all of history. They dedicated their entire lives to warfare. They were taught to endure cold, hunger, pain, their courage on the battlefield was second to none. The Spartan code was to fight hard, follow orders without question and to die rather then retreat or surrender. To achieve all this, Sparta sacrificed everything; the arts, culture, and other things that make life worth while. I believe the price was

The great king s life! July 356b.c., Alexandros III Philippou Makedonon was born in Pella, Macedonia. His father was king Philip II and his mother was Olympias. When Alexander was about five or six,he met Persian envoys when Philip was doing something else and he impressed them more than what Philip would have . Olympia and Philip started Alexander s education. His first teacher was Leonides. He instilled Alexander in his self-denying nature which became famous. Leonides was replaced with

Solomon's temple was constructed around 966 BC, at Mount Moria, out of the finest wood and metals. The temple remained there for almost four hundred years when it was destroyed by the army of Nabuchodonozor in 586 BC. In Hebrew, it is called Bet Yehovah, meaning "house of Jehovah", the New Testament calls it oikos, meaning "the house", and in Latin it was called cella, meaning "the most holy place of the temple". The temple was constructed on the highest point in the land, surrounded

Daily Life in Fifth Century Greece By Claire Bolto The daily existence of ancient civilisations has been a source of fascination for both historians and archaeologists over the centuries. An abundance of information relating to eating and drinking, clothing, childhood, cosmetics and jewellery survives in the ancient official documents, biographies and plays which have remained in tact. The majority of these however, reflect only the luxurious lives of the rich and those with authority

While on the surface the Aeneid could be seen as a Roman epic meant to glorify Rome and rival those of the ancient Greeks, the author was engaged in a struggle. Virgil had to satisfy the cultural demands of his work, the political demands of his time, and his own personal demands as an artist. In tackling his problem, Virgil is revealed to be slightly reluctant of embracing fully the still young regime of Octavian but still proud of Rome and his ancestry, and concerned with the mora