History: Africa Essays & Term Papers

68 total

Boer War The people of South Africa were always dreaming of a unified country. They wanted all its states to unite as one peaceful country, but they wanted this to come from within the confines of their own people and not by means of other countries taking over. The only way to keep the outsiders out of their states was to unify the country. If this goal could be accomplished, then their country would become one great nation united by their own South African flag instead of any other flag.

To look through history, it is difficult to find a man with the endurance and drive as of a legend such as Julius Caesar. Even more difficult to find is a man whose integrity and deeds are comparable to the deeds of Nelson Rohihiala Mandela. Born 18 July 1918, to Nosekeni Fanny and Hendry Mphakanyiswa Gadla, chieftain of the Thembu branch of the Xhosa tribe, Mandela was exposed to the groundwork, which led to his fair and successful ruling, from birth (Hughes, 18.) Working with herding his fa

Voodoo is a spiritual tradition which originated in Haiti during the period of French colonial slavery. Early in the colonial history of Hispaniola, the island that is now shared by Haiti an the Dominican Republic, the original Taino and Carib peoples of Haiti were exterminated by the Spanish. Africans of many ethnic lineages were transported by force to Haiti, mainly to serve as agricultural slaves. There was some contact of course between escaped Africans and surviving Tainos, but little is do

African Americans are and have always been a vital aspect to American society. They were brought here in bondage, and eventually received their so called freedom. It would be many years later before they would attain their freedom. Years of struggling to get the rights that this country had denied them. Years before a grown black man would be considered as a man and not a boy. There are so many hardships to be recognized for their founding contributions to make society what it is today.

With exploration arising in the 1400 s, so did the completion for success between Portugal and Spain. Both countries were in search for the ultimate prize of exploration, gold. Portugal sought after Africa and Spain attempted to find more in the Americas. Even though the African slave trade seemed racist in historical perspective, it was indeed more for economic benefits instead because of the necessity of workers by Spaniards and fact that slavery was accepted in Africa. The necessity of

Back in early African history, Europeans colonized and infiltrated African civilizations in order to make a profit and to be known as a superior nation. By doing this, European colonists “messed up” the traditional African lifestyle. African’s were willing to let the colonists join them, but the Europeans went too far when they took over governments and tried to rule over the Africans. This colonization led to many problems in Africa, that still affect modern day Africa. First

One of the conflicting issues among African Americans and Caucasians is the issue of ebonics. It s not just an issue facing one race or the other it effects both races along with other ethnicity s. On one side people believe that ebonics is a distinct language that African American use and is part of their culture, and they believe that ebonics should be taught in schools. Other people believe that ebonics is just a black dialect that black people use as slang, and that teaching

Twentieth century black migrations to the North represent the most critical mass movement of African American people in history other than the forced migration of slavery. Because of the huge impact of these migrations on African Americans and on the nation at large, it is important to understand the reasons for the migrations, white and black institutional responses to this movement, and the known consequences of northern urbanization. Black migrants left the South for several reasons. Most

Old Africa vs. New Africa Aaron S On my essay about "Out of Africa" I will compare and contrast old Africa and new Africa. During the movie Africa was under European power. There were only independent countries. European leaders dictated their government. Africa has since become independent. European power has greatly changed education over the years. White people are known as the highly educated. Africans do not g

South Africa has a multiracial and multiethnic population, and the total population is about 43 000 000. Black African consitute 75 percent of the population, 15 percent are whites, 7 percent are known as Coloured, and 3 percent are Asian. Although blacks make up about 75 percent of South Africa s population, they earn only 28 percent of the contry s total income. By contrast, whites, eran 61 percent of the income. The income gap between blacks and whites, one of the widest in the world,

The slave trade indicated that a total of about ten million human beings were exported from Africa to the New World in the 220 years between 1650 and 1870, which were the high point of the trade. So as a sum up the population of Africa stood still for the 150 years between 1650 and 1800 before beginning to rise again as it has continued to do until the present. The facts state that the estimate 15 percent of those taken perished before landing in the New World. This rate sums up that

The motives of Britain's imperialist activities in Africa from 1869 to 1912 were strategic and defensive. While other motives did exist, such as to colonize, to search for new markets and materials, to attain revenge and world prestige, to convert natives to Christianity, and to spread the English style of orderly government, the main motives evident in many events of the period showed attempts to safeguard the country and protect former land holdings. As its free trade

south Africa has been the hotspot for racial conflict since 1948 when the National Party was elected and they began to enforce the apartheid system. Democracy would provide a more just and fair system for the majority of the citizens of South Africa, which are black. Before a Democracy was set up it gave the majority of the power to the white Afrikaners although they were the minority. During this time, it was one of the only few systems a minority had taken most of the power. Mainly Afrikaner

African slave trade to the America and the European was much worse than slavery in Africa. In this essay ,I will show you the differences. Where were the slave trade took place. Slavery was mostly happing in North America in the carribean and in Europe.The ships full of slaves mostly come to Cuba. How it happends in Africa is the other tribes hunt other tribes,and trade to the English for weaponds. How were slave treated. In the North the slaves were treted very poorly the English

Nelson Mandela has played an important and controversial role in the history of South Africa and establishing South Africa as a Democratic country. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born in Umtata, in the Transkei territory of South Africa. His father was a tribal chief. Mandela became a lawyer and, in 1944, joined the African National Congress(ANC). Mandela gain national importance as a black leader for protest against the government and apartheid which occurred in the 1950'

Fuel wood Availability in Africa Throughout Africa there is various regional variations of fuel wood availability. In the chart shown for this essay, it breaks up Africa into 4 different areas of fuel wood amounts. Mostly on the northern area of Africa there is few natural fuel wood resources. And also near the southern areas of Africa there is Fuel wood scarcity because of other little deserts. In the northern region of Africa there is the Sahara desert. This is why there are very

What Is Apartheid? The word Apartheid means separation. Apartheid was a form of living in South Africa. It was the process of segregating different races. Not only did it separate the Afrikaans, and other tribes in South Africa, but it also separated the whites from the non-whites. Apartheid affected many people’s lives in different parts of South Africa; this time was a very hard time for all racial groups. Apartheid was the political way of living in South Africa starting fr

Imperialism in Africa When the Age of Imperialism began in 1875, it effected Africa in many ways. Nowhere was the competition for colonies more intense than in Africa. Europeans went after North and South Africa splitting up the continent. Egypt and Sudan were taken over by Britain to obtain the Suez Canal. Imperialism helped to develop Africa’s economy and turned it into a continent of colonies. Until well into the 1800’s Africa was relatively unknown to Europeans. They controlle

Europe tried to take many countries, Africa being one of them. The European countries had an effect on Africa today throughout all the primes. Europe had an effect on the African way of life, that in some ways were good, and in some ways bad. Imperialism is defined as the extension or rule or influence by one government, nation, or society over the political, economic, or cultural life of another. European nations decided they wanted land in the mostly unexplored continent, and they took it,

Did Islam Spread Throughout Africa With The Use of Force? The myth that the religion of Islam spread rapidly due to the use of force evolved out of the belief that the sword spread Islam. The myth was made in Europe during the crusades. With the introduction of a new religion Europeans had trouble adjusting to the threat of another religion reaching their country. It was only within Arabia that Muslims were forced to war. They fought against tribes that did not accept the message of God. In c

The Republic of France believes that the HIV/AIDS problem that our world is facing today is one that demands immediate action. The HIV/ AIDS situation in Africa is far greater and more widespread than that of the rest of the world. Over two-thirds of the 30.6 million people suffering with this disease live in Sub-Saharan Africa. Women and children in Africa are much more highly affected by HIV/ AIDS than anywhere else on the planet. Approximately 87% of the children living with HIV a

Africa is the world's second-largest continent, the biggest after Asia. It is more than three times the size of the U. States. It also contains more independent nations than any other continent on Earth-55 in all. Africa is centrally located on the Earth's surface. It straddles the Equator, extending for thousands of miles north and sough of that line. The continent stands between two major oceans. To the west is the Atlantic Ocean and to the east lies the Indian Ocean. The Medit

Apartheid The idea of apartheid started in South Africa around the year 1910. This all came about when Britain took over South Africa. The British thought that whites should be superior to all other races and that they should live better life styles than anyone that was not white. The rules of apartheid applied to all non - whites, and not just blacks even though blacks made up most of South Africa. The British split these non - whites into 3 racial catagories; Africans,Coloureds(tho

AIDS In Africa: A Rising Problem Africa is a continent with many social issues and problems. These social issues range from overpopulation, racism, and a countless number of disease epidemics. One of the most deadly and uncontrollable of these diseases is the HIV virus, or AIDS. AIDS is an illness that involves several phases. It is caused by a virus that can be passed from person to person. AIDS impairs the human body's immune system the system responsible for warding off dise

Many people think of Africa is a land of humid jungles, waterless sandy deserts, and sweltering forests. So it is, but it is also a continent of massive peaks snowcapped year round and savannas of cold misty rain and bitter frost nights. Africa is a huge continent of infinite variety. It is the second largest continent in the world. Africa is so vast that the landmasses of United States, Europe, India, and Japan could fit into it and there would still be plenty of empty space left. It i

Africa In present day Africa, people are constantly reminded that the countries within are still plaqued with chaos and disorder. However, the residents of this country still believe that where there is a will, there is a way. Africa is a country where many think that nothing works. A country filled with poverty, corruption rule, war, famine, and pestilence, Africa still remains instable. The aid from other countries, which the nations beg for, is just not enough to help. No help results in o

African Imperialism The European colonization of the continent of Africa was horrible for the African people, and led the way for their race to be discriminated against for many years to come. Each country in Europe wanted to be part of the imperialistic race, and this led to the decimation of many African cultures. One could argue that the Europeans brought with them to Africa such things as roads, transportation, and communications, but what they destroyed outweighs these ten to one. Eu

The Republic of South Africa By John Wendell September 27, 2000 The Republic of South Africa has had an interesting history. The country gained it’s independence from Great Britain on May 10, 1910. At that time the country was a struggling agricultural nation, and now it is a semi-industrialized nation. South Africa is slightly less than twice the size of Texas and has a population of 43,421,021 person, With about 15 million economically active in the work force, the unemployment

Colonialsim in Africa+As the Roman+s laid the foundations of modern civilization, and led the wild barbarians of the British Isles along the path of progress, so in Africa today we are repaying the debt, and bringing to the dark places of the earth, the abode of barbarism and cruelty the torch of culture and progress, while ministering to the material needs of our own civilization.+ Hi my name is Trevor and the argument that I will be proposing to you is that the colonization of Africa w

The book was based on a wide range of contributions, written and verbal, and has been edited together by Alex de Waal. He does not represent any of the views of any individual or government. The book “Who Fights Who Cares” is a very interesting book. The focus of the book is mainly towards the continent of Africa. Just about every thing that has to do with blacks in Africa will in some way effect African Americans. The book is broken up in to little sections in each chapte

Out of Africa The story is about a Danish girl, her name is Karen Blixen who went to Africa after she married with Baron. In Africa and more precisely in Kenya she started to run a coffee-farm. But its failure in 1931 caused her to return to Denmark. Baroness Karen Blixen spent 17 years in Africa. Karen began the coffee-farm with her husband, and continued to oversee the farm even after she separated in 1925. Th e farm was an unprofitable venture. Blixen shares her experiences in h

The institutions of imperialism and colonialism have shaped the face of growth and development of the social, political, and economic forces in Africa. As outlined by Boahen, the extent of the “influence” that these institutions asserted varies and has both positive and negative aspects. Several of these aspects that exists in Africa are mirrored in Latin America, while others differ quite extremely. An important observation that can be made immediately, is that each positive has a

Cry, The Beloved Country Cry, The Beloved Country was written in 1948, by Alan Paton. It is a novel written about South Africa, like Paton s Hope for South Africa, and The Land and People of South Africa. This was a realistic book because of its exceptional setting, symbolism, and character development. All of these elements make the book come to life as it is read. The setting of the story is parallel to the way life really was in South Africa. It mainly takes place in the great city of Johan

Economic Development in Zimbabwe The country of Zimbabwe is one of the most economically developed on the African continent . A fairly young political entity, Zimbabwe has only enjoyed recognized autonomy since 1980, the year in which the United Kingdom repealed its imperialistic claims to the African nation . Despite its youth the country has achieved a level of economic development uncharacteristic of sub-Saharan African nations. Second only to South Africa in economic developm

Western Domination Between the U.S. and Britain, there is so much hypocrisy it s horrible. We demolished the very essence of some African tribes on purpose. We introduced a new and wonderful religion, and destroyed their very way of life. We told them, as if we really knew, that their gods were false. We said we have the only true god. This scared the Africans into our religion. Any other religion wouldn t be tolerated. We thought their very way of life was worse than ours. We may still think

Atlantic Slave Trade When most people talk about or think about slavery, they look at how it effected the US. The Atlantic Slave Trade had a huge effect on the US but there are no words or expressions that can describe the effects it had on Africa and its family’s. It is estimated that between 1450 and 1900, there were 11,698,000 slaves exported from Africa. (Atlantic Slave trade, pg.170) To understand the effects this had on Africa you must consider the families that lost relative

RECOVERED ROOTS: Building National Identity In Yael Zerubavel’s Recovered Roots he identifies and outlines the components of “national identity.” National identity is described as a group’s common historical highlights. This identity is established through “collective memory” i.e. a group’s vision of their history based on historical records revised to fit “social and political agendas.” The revision is not a rewritten history but rather a representation of histor

South Africa to Ask for International Gem Certification The New York Times reported on November 30, 2000 that South Africa plans to ask all nations on Friday to back an international certification system for gems. Ambassador Dumisana Kumalo of South Africa will introduce a resolution in the 189-member General Assembly of the United Nations to get universal approval of the certification system. He is concerned not only because diamonds are fueling civil wars among other Africans, but al

Zulu and Indians (Asian Indians): Zulu (KwaZulu): A small independent tribe in the North Western Africa. According to oral history, the name Zulu was first heard round about 1620 s. India (Hindustan): Land of ancient civilization, with Cities and villages, located in the South East Asia. Purpose: To compare and contrast the key differences between the cultures, rituals, ideas of punishment and justice, of the above mentioned countries in order to answer the question, What is Morality? Wha

Tropical Africa: Food Production and the Inquiry Model Hunger is the result of disasters such as drought, floods, the changing of the jet stream patterns and other natural disasters. They are beyond our control. It has been estimated that one third of the land in Tropical Africa is potentially cultivable, though only about 6% of it is currently cultivated. However, to change farming from a low-input, low-yield pattern to a high-input, high-yield pattern necessitates the use of more fertili

South Africa Paper Discrimination against nonwhites was inherent in South African society from the earliest days. Since the British settled in South Africa in 1795 there has been social, economic, and political exclusion, being ruled by whites despite the fact that whites held about 10% of the population. (Msft. Encarta) Segregation and inequality between whites and other races had existed as a matter of custom and practice, but after 1948 these practices were made into laws that would not

Tropical Africa: Food Production and the Inquiry ModelHunger is the result of disasters such as drought, floods, the changing of the jet stream patterns and other natural disasters. They are beyond our control. It has been estimated that one third of the land in Tropical Africa is potentially cultivable, though only about 6% of it is currently cultivated. However, to change farming from a low-input, low-yield pattern to a high-input, high-yield pattern necessitates the use of more fert

The Plains Zebra Deep ebony, blinding cream, these are the colors of the zebra. The zebra is one unique animal. Zebras are one of the marvelous animals in Africa. About the size of a small horse, these amazing animals are about 50-53 inches in height. When a male zebra grows up, he can weigh up to 520 pounds! It's a good thing that the female zebra is friendly. It can weigh a whopping 510 pounds, almost as much as the male! Zebras usually do not attack unless threatened though, whe

Africa and Asia Imperialism Imperialism is political, social or economical one country that rules an alien country. During the 1800 s, European Countries and the United States started imperialism in Asia and Africa. In 1841, Dr. Livingston started exploring the African Interior, which produced promising information of the land and rivers. Explorations of gold and diamonds in Africa by Rhodes spurred excitement in the Western Countries. Two European nations had already had colonies in East A

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian nationalist leader, who established his country's freedom through a nonviolent revolution. Gandhi is also known as Mahatma a nickname given to him meaning great soul. This name was given to him by his followers who felt he was God's messenger on Earth. Gandhi was born in Porbandar in the present state of Gujarat on October 2, 1869. He was educated in law at a University College. In 1891, after having been admitted to the British bar, Gandhi retu

TRANS-ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE The European Role I. Introduction A. Defining the slave trade II. European Role in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade 1. The Portuguese 2. The Dutch 3. The English and the French 2. Detail of the information III. Conclusion The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade was the most abominable and cruel from of slavery, but it was neither the first nor the only slave trade. Slavery was a recognized institution around the world long before the Egyptians enslaved

KING ARTHUR King Arthur is the figure at the heart of the Arthurian legends. He is said to be the son of Uther Pendragon and Ygraine of Cornwall. Arthur is a near mythic figure in Celtic stories such as Culhwch and Olwen. In early Latin chronicles he is presented as a military leader, the dux bellorum. In later romance he is presented as a king and emperor. One of the questions that has occupied those interested in King Arthur is whether or not he is a historical figure. The debate has raged

In the late nineteenth century, Europeans colonized a large portion of Africa. A myth that many people believe is that there was no resistance in Africa. This myth is false and has no substance to it. I believe this myth was formed because of the simple fact that most of the resistance was not wide scale and did not constitute a daily confrontation and since it was not at a large scale, it was not widely covered by the media of the time. In the majority of African kingdoms and territories, the

"MISA: Media Institute of Southern Africa" and Media Censorship in Tanzania The freedom of Speech, the right to bear arms, and the right to a speedy and fair trial are some of the things we, as American citizens take for granted on a daily basis. Unfortunately, due to corrupt and unorganized governments, citizens of Africa aren't always able to reap these benefits. Governments censor the media so the people hear only what they want them to hear. They wrongly accuse many, and sometimes en

Agricultural Problems facing the African Nations Africa is a nation hit by many agricultural problems. As a majority, Africa is a desert type climate. Rainfall is heavy and quick, leaving soil deeply engraved by the pounding of the rain. It falls for such a short period of time, not allowing the ground to soak up the moisture before it is evaporated into the air because of the heat. Droughts attack the nations often never providing enough food to sustain the rising population