Health Essays & Term Papers

255 total

In the United States in 1995 alone, 43,063 died from breast cancer. It is the number two cancer killer and the number one cancer in females ages 15 to 54. On average if a woman gets this disease, their life expectancy drops nineteen and a half years. This cancer is within the top three cancers of all women above the age of 15, and comprises 6% of all health care costs in the U.S. totaling an astounding 35 billion dollars a year. An average woman is said to have a one in thirty chance of g

Prenatel DianosisHeredity Disorders, Other Biochemical Diseases, and Disfiguring Birth DefectsThere are over 250 recognized sex-linked diseases, affecting every organ system.Of these, 95% affect males, (Emery, 1968). Despite these many sex-linked diseases, atpresent prenatal diagnosis can specifically be made in fewer than 40 diseases. (Emery,1968). These sex-linked diseases are individual rare and some are named afterphysicians who described them, for example, Hemophilia A and B, Duch

Understanding the Issues of Women and HIV/AIDS Rachel Seldin, Colgate University, Hamilton NY 13346 ABTRACT: Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) had emerged as a major health problem for women in the United States. Family physicians can play an important role in the detection and care of HIV-infected women. The epidemiology and natural history of HIV infection in women were reviewed. HIV infection is now a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among young wo

In the United States in 1999 alone, an estimated 43,700 people will die from breast cancer. It is the number two cancer killer among females ages 15 to 54. On average if a woman gets this disease, their life expectancy drops drastically. This cancer is within the top three cancers of all women above the age of 15, and comprises a great amount of all health care costs in the U.S. totaling an astounding 37 billion dollars a year in direct medical costs. An average woman is said to have

THE REORGANISATION OF THE NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE This paper is concerned with the major changes, which have taken place in the National Health Service (NHS) following the NHS and Community Care Act 1990. Any UK government is faced with a long list of health issues, this list would include macro questions such as the relationship of the National Health Service (NHS) to broader policies which might affect the health of the population and how to finance and staff health services. The NHS

Colin Tennebar Psychology 10:00 Dr. Jennifer Griffin First off, I'd like to apologize for using Alzheimer's disease as my Internet article because you used it in the syllabus as your example. This topic is very important to me because I watched my grandmother rot in bed for eight years due to this disease. The Internet article(s) I have dealt with the latest treatments and helps of prevention for this incurable disease. The first article I have deals with estrogen. Studies show th

Introduction Caries have been a constant nuisance to humans, decaying teeth can become a major problem for those affected. It is certainly not the oldest pathology, nor the one of the greatest prevalence throughout humankind, but the information that can be extrapolate from such pathologies is great. The aim of this paper is to outline the pathology of caries and the influence that these have had on the human populations affected. Caries or caries dentium is the common name for tooth

The Coming Plague; Newly Emerging Diseases in A World Out Of Balance Ecology is a branch of science concerned with the interrelationships of organisms and their environment. An ecosystem is a community, together with its nonliving factors existing together. Scientifically, a community consists of a collection of creatures that live in a particular place together. The Coming Plague was a novel that outlined how each epidemic has been a direct result of each step of human progression.

Everyone goes through some kind of depression on time or another in his or her life (Cohen 20). Depression can be brought on by different events in someone’s life. Traumatic or life-altering events, such as, death of a loved, can cause depression. Biological factors can also bring on depression in a person’s life, or depression may be caused by a clinical illness. If the problem is not resolved, a person may commit suicide or may withdraw from friends or family. Depressi

More Nobel Prizes in physiology and medicine have been won by doctors or scientists working in the United States than the rest of the world. It is widely accepted that the best training and education is available in the United States in the field of medicine. Despite the fact that over $750 billion is spent on health care in the United States, more than 30 million Americans have no medical coverage and over 100 million are reportedly underinsured according to Nancy Watzman, of the W

One of the major problems with Health Management Organizations is that they can encourage doctors to withhold care from their patients. HMOs offer financial incentives to physicians to withhold necessary care from patients and doctors risk being expelled from HMO networks if they provide costly treatments or tests. Capitation can be one major cause of this. Capitation is the amount of money that the doctor receives for each patient, whether or not the doctor treats them. This c

What is diabetes? Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases characterized by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Diabetes can be associated with serious complications and premature death, but persons with diabetes can take measures to reduce the likelihood of such occurrences. 15.7 million people -- 5.9% of the population -- have diabetes. But only 10.3 million people are diagnosed so that leaves 5.4 million people not dia

Attention Deficit Disorder is caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain. There appears to be a deficiency in the brains ability to produce or use certain chemicals called transmitter substances or neurotransmitters. The theory is that a shortage of certain neurotransmitters results in the brain being under-stimulated, therefore it's deficient in regulating its own activities such as attention. Attention Deficit Disorder is characterized by a number of common symptoms. The symptoms are sh

Alzheimer’s Disease Alzheimer’s Disease is a progressive, degenerative disease that attacks the brain and results in impaired memory, thinking and behavior (Internet). It is a degenerative disease affecting nerve cells of the frontal and temporal lobes of the cerebrum of the brain. The disease is the major cause of presenile dementia (i.e., the loss of mental faculties not associated with advanced age) and is thought to be the largest single cause of senile dementia as well (Brita

HEALTH DISPARITIES Disparities in the Health of Children Shannon Baker National University Abstract There has been much research that verifies the existence of health disparities among different socioeconomic groups and different racial and ethnic groups. I will take a look at this research to determine why these disparities exist and how these effect the education among those who experience it. When we consider the education of our children in the United States, we must consid

According to Mollet, cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. Estimates for 1982 indicate that 430,000 Americans will have died of some form of cancer. If national trends continue, some fifty-three million Americans now alive will contract cancer sometime during their lifetime. Of this inverse number, approximately one-half will die of cancer despite a medical effort to cure and prevent cancer (300). Although 45 percent of the detected cases of seriou

Alzheimer s disease is a slowly progressive, degenerative disorder of the brain that eventually results in abnormal brain function and death. The disease was first described in 1907 by a German physician, Dr. Alois Alzheimer(1864-1915). In the neurological autopsy on the brain of a 56-year-old woman Auguste D., of Frankfurt, who died after several years of progressive mental deterioration marked by increasing confusion and memory loss. Taking advantage of a then-new staining technique, he n

Psychological stress is a result of many factors and should be dealt with very carefully. Stress can be defined as a set of interactions between the person and the environment that result in an unpleasant emotional state, such as anxiety, tension, guilt, or shame (swin pg 1). Another way of putting it, is that there are somethings that put certain demands on us. The effects of stress should not be limited to unpleasant emotional states. Many studies have concluded that the effects on

Cancer Introduction According to Mollet, cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. Estimates for 1982 indicate that 430,000 Americans will have died of some form of cancer. If national trends continue, some fifty-three million Americans now alive will contract cancer sometime during their lifetime. Of this inverse number, approximately one-half will die of cancer despite a medical effort to cure and prevent cancer (300). Although

Autism In Children Autism is a disability that appears during the first three years of life. Autism affects the nuerological disorder in the brain. Figures show that approximately fiveteen of every ten thousand individuals have an associated behavior. Alaso it is estimated that nearly four thouosand people in the US today have some form of autism. Autism is the third most common disability, that is found to be prevalent in guys than girls. Autism interferes with the normal developm

Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases characterized by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Diabetes can be associated with serious complications and premature death, but persons with diabetes can take measures to reduce the likelihood of such occurrences. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insu

What is Cancer? Cancer is a group of many related diseases. All forms of cancer cause cells in the body to change and grow in an abnormal way. Normal body cells divide and grow in an orderly fashion. But cells changed by cancer can divide and grow out of control. This out-of-control-growth damages normal body tissues and disrupts the ability of organs to function, as they should. During the early years of a person's life, normal cells divide rapidly until adult size is reache

Lung cancer is not just one disease but rather a group of diseases. All forms of cancer cause cells in the body to change and grow out of control. Most types of cancer cells form a lump or mass called a tumor. Cells from the tumor can break away and travel to other parts of the body where they can continue to grow. This spreading process is called metastasis. When cancer spreads, it is still named after the part of the body where it started. For example, if breast cancer spread

Lung cancer is not just one disease but rather a group of diseases. All forms of cancer cause cells in the body to change and grow out of control. Most types of cancer cells form a lump or mass called a tumor. Cells from the tumor can break away and travel to other parts of the body where they can continue to grow. This spreading process is called metastasis. When cancer spreads, it is still named after the part of the body where it started. For example, if breast cancer spreads to the

Recently in a local hearing clinic, a client’s concerns were discussed. “I’m afraid I won’t like them. My brother in law bought two hearing aids, and he keeps them in a drawer in the kitchen.” While the number of people dissatisfied with their hearing aids hovers around 50%, the hearing aid industry is hard pressed to decrease the number of returns, and increase the average daily use of each aid. In order to accomplish this, hearing aid manufacturers must answer the most oft

What Is Lung Cancer? Most cancers are named after the part of the body where the cancer first starts. Lung cancer begins in the lungs. The lungs are two sponge-like organs in the chest. The right lung has three sections, called lobes. The left lung has two lobes. It is smaller because the heart takes up more room on that side of the body. The lungs bring air in and out of the body, taking in oxygen and getting rid of carbon dioxide gas, a waste product. The lining around the lungs, called

What is cancer? Cancer is the abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells that if left untreated can ultimately cause death. The word cancer came from the Greek word for crab, karkinos. The early Greek physicians who first described cancerous tumors had no notion of their cause or true nature, but they were struck by the resemblance if some invasive tumors to crabs: a hard mass with a claw like extensions and an aggressive nature. Cancer causes about 550,000 deaths a year. Although many p

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), sometimes referred to as "Lou Gehrig's Disease," is a progressive fatal neuromuscular disease that attacks nerve cells and pathways in the brain and spinal cord. Motor neurons, among the largest of all nerve cells, reach from the brain to the spinal cord and from the spinal cord to muscles throughout the body with connections to the brain. When they die, the ability of the brain to start and control muscle movement dies with them. With all voluntary muscle

Cancer, new growth of tissue resulting from a continuous growth of abnormal cells that have the ability to enter and destroy other tissues. Cancer, which may arise from any type of cell and in any type of body tissue, is not a single disease but a large number of diseases classified according to the tissue and type of cell of origin. Several hundred such classes exist, constituting three major subtypes: Sarcomas - from connective and supportive tissue, such as bone, cartilage, nerve, bl

What is Dementia? Dementia is an organic brain syndrome which results in global cognitive impairments. Dementia can occur as a result of a variety of neurological diseases. Some of the more well known dementing diseases include Alzheimer's disease (AD), multi-infarct dementia (MID), and Huntington's disease (HD). Throughout this essay the emphasis will be placed on AD (also known as dementia of the Alzheimer's type, and primary degenerative dementia), because statistically it is the most s

Unit: Muscle Anatomy and Muscle Function in Sports Synopsis: The class will be taught the following lessons: 1) Muscle Anatomy, 2) Muscle Function, 3) How Do Muscles Cause Movement? 4) Engage in Sport Activity/Observation/Videotaping, 5) Analysis of Sport Activity, and 6) Presentation of Findings Regarding Primary Muscles in Use During Sport Activity. The theme of the Unit is, “You are a Personal Trainer for a Famous Athlete”. The intention behind the theme is to enhance moti

Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome Iliotibial band friction syndrome(ITBFS) also known as “runners knee” is a very common athletic injury that effects the knee. Runners knee is especially prone to long distance runners or athletes who participate in activities that require highly repetitive running. In greater detail I will be discussing the causes of this injury specifically the biomechanics, anatomy and symptoms involved, also ways of preventing this injury by ident

Hypoglycemia About four years ago we started to notice that my dad was having problems sleeping, he was very moody, and he started getting headaches a lot. After it got to a point where my dad was feeling bad every day we all started to worry. So as any normal person would do, my dad went to the hospital to have it checked out. The doctor found that my dad had developed a disease called hypoglycemia. At first this was very hard for my dad to handle because to subdue the symptoms of h

December 8, 1998 Microbiology 3300 9:00-11:50 Case Study: "The InFLUence of the Influenza" The patient Terry B. (Case no.19), has acquired the microbial agent Pneumonia Influenza. The patient is a three year old white male with a headache, lethargy and was running a high fever of 39.7 degrees Celsius. He has suffered from a previous illness of infection of the upper respiratory. Due to the fever, he had a systolic of 110 over 75 diastolic; pulse of racy 100. The fever also a

Research Paper- Malaria Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite that lives both in mosquitoes and humans (9). Malaria lives in tropical and sub-tropical areas such as Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Haiti, India, The Dominican Republic, Africa, Papua New Guinea, and Central and South America (3). Malaria is one of the largest diseases around the world. About one out of every 20 people on earth, almost 300 million people, suffer from malaria yearly. Almost 2 million of those 300

Introduction Multiple Sclerosis Stephanie **** Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, often disabling disease that randomly attacks the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). The progress, severity and specific symptoms of the disease can not be predicted; symptoms may range from tingling and numbness to paralysis and blindness. MS is a devastating disease because people live with its unpredictable physical and emotional effects for the rest of their lives. MS is a well-

Spinal injuries are a very serious, and even life-threatening, problem facing almost everyone at some point in there lives. If a broken vertebra pinches a spinal nerve, paralysis may result. The spine is a column of vertebrae stacked one on the next from the skull’s base to the tail bone. Each vertebra is hollow through the center where the spinal cord runs through. There are some signs and symptoms that you should check for if you suspect spinal injury on an injured pe

HYPERTENSION Hypertension is a common disorder characterized by a sustained elevation of systolic arterial pressure (top number) of 140 mm Hg or higher, or a diastolic arterial pressure (bottom number) of 90 mm Hg or greater, or both. Hypertension is divided into two categories: essential (or primary) hypertension and secondary hypertension. Etiology: Research has shown that hypernatremia (elevated serum sodium) increases the volume of blood, which raises blood pressure. Primary hype

Uncontrolled high blood pressure, hypertension, is one of the leading causes of disability or death due to stroke, heart attack, heart failure and kidney failure. High blood pressure has been described as "the silent killer" because it often occurs without symptoms. Headaches, blurred vision, nosebleeds, or dizziness may occur, but these symptoms are not specific to high blood pressure. Everybody has, and needs blood pressure. Without it, blood cannot circulate through the body. And

WHAT’S THAT FISHY SMELL? Trimethylaminuria was first discovered in 1970 by J.R. Humbert. It was found in a six-year-old girl with multiple pulmonary infections. A deficiency of trimethylamine-oxidase was shown in a liver biopsy. The mutated gene, which is responsible for the disease, was only recently identified by C.T. Dolphin in 1997 as the gene that codes for the enzyme flavin monooxygenase 3. In a normal person, dietary choline and trimethylamine-oxide are ingested and broken d

For years, cholesterol has been a major concern for millions of people around the world. This fear of cholesterol has led to many consultations with specialists like physicians and nutritionists. It seems that there is a great misconception about this molecule. A majority of the population is conscious of the harm that it can cause, but they are not aware that it has pertinent values to our body. There are two major forms that cholesterol comes in: 1) low density lipoprotein, which is

Macular Degeneration Condition: Macular Degeneration is a problem in the part of the eye that controls your sharpest central vision. It is a group of diseases that result in a loss of detailed vision. The brain will not just leave the spot empty, so it learns to fill it in with spotty macular cell damage. People most of the time don't tell their doctors (opthalmologists) about it until it is well in advance. There are two types of Macular Degeneration. Juvenile Macular Degeneration

In the healthcare industry the biggest problem that is never-ending is malpractice. Where you have physicians and people in the health care profession who are failing to do their duty as caretakers and lifesavers. The standard of care is what is top priority, but when you have doctors or health care professionals causing injury whether temporary or permanent or eventually causing someone’s death someone is liable for that. Annually doctors and health care professionals pay

Introduction In many states, the concerned localities and the local government are considered responsible for the medical care and expense of indigent people. Among the documented needy population sprouts an increasing number of alien persons who exist among the medically underserved community. Studies attempting to determine the exact health needs of a certain population discovered that a hefty amount on medical costs is consumed by an illegal immigrant population. As national political deb

Pancreatic cancer is type of cancer where a malignant tumour is formed within the pancreas. This type of cancer is quite common nowadays due to gradual increase in environmental pollution. Chance of survival in case of pancreatic cancer is almost nil and till now no cases have been reported so far where a person with pancreatic cancer has survived for more than 5 years. Most of the pancreatic tumours are adenocarcinomas whereas the rest are neuroendocrine tumours, serous cystadenomas, etc. W

The research paper chosen for critique is Closeness and Distance: A way of Handling Difficult Situations in Daily Care by Blomberg, K. and Sahlberg-Blom, E. of the Department of Health Sciences, University of Örebro, Sweden. This research paper was published in Journal of Clinical Nursing Vol. 16 Feb 2007. This paper is chosen because of its implications and relevance in current nursing practice. The research appears to be well conducted following qualitative design and the res

An individual with chronic illness can be healthy. This is quite a positive thought since most of those who suffer from chronic illness can be able to carry on well with their duties like any other person. The well being of an individual living with chronic illness can be facilitated by eating well balanced food and those which are recommended by the doctor to cope with the disease condition. Also exercising regularly is very will help you to improve the physical status of your body. Exercises

Children are bundles of joy and when I became a parent, I knew that my life had changed for the better and I could not be happier. The responsibility of raising two children was undoubtedly going to be a challenge as well as an exciting rewarding experience. I was prepared, or so I thought. The first year was great. My first daughter was growing up fast and 16 months later, we had another child who was perfect. Soon, we noticed that the oldest daughter had hearing difficulty and the doctors

Introduction Obesity is a complex, multi-factorial disease involving mechanisms of energy intake and expenditure, genetic factors, environmental, and psychosocial issues. Obesity has emerged as a worldwide epidemic and has become a serious public health problem in the United States and in developing countries undergoing fast economic transition. In the adult individual obesity is measured by the body mass index (BMI), which is defined as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared (

A. Introduction: Ethics comes from the Greek word ethos, meaning character. Ethics, in the ancient Greece, was concerned with the development of a virtuous and moral character. The Greeks believed that developing character would lead one not only to knowing the right thing to do, but to actually do the right thing or living the proper way of life. Ethics is defined as �the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation� or �the principles of cond