Economy Essays & Term Papers

308 total

1. Introduction One market, one money. Being mentioned in the European Commission s book, it brought the euro to financial world. To attain faster growth of the economy, the euro was introduced with three advantages. The first consists in seigniorage gains and transaction cost savings inside the EU; the second links with advantages to the European financial services industry; the third provides monetary relationships with the other major currencies, the US dollar and the yen (Johnson, 1996).

Katherine Kesses Comparative International Management Why are interfirm networks so prevalent in Japan? Why do they appear to be so effective in promoting industrial competitiveness? Interfirm networks have grown from the history of Japan, the government action and culture. In recent years they have gained a degree of both fame and notoriety (Gerlach, 1992). These networks have appeared to contribute to industrial competitiveness. However, the real issue is to what extent have they been

After North America, Europe, and Japan, the area of China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong "is a fourth growth pole in the world economy" (Jue 108) which in 1994 was expected to double in size by 2002. Today, the growth rate is still on track to fulfill that prediction. Recent Chinese economic policies have shot the country into the world economy at full speed. As testimony of this, China’s gross domestic product has risen to seventh in the world, and its economy is growing at over nine perce

INTRODUCTION Foreign steel producers plague the U.S. steel industry with unfair competitive practices. This practice is referred to as "dumping". Dumping of foreign steel has been a problem throughout the history of the U.S. steel industry. In the 1990s dumping has become more of a problem, due to the breakdown of the Russian economy and its transition from Capitalism to a free-market economy. According to Microsoft Encarta 98 (1998), Free-Market Economy, is an economic system in which

INDUSTRY: APPAREL RETAILERS INTRODUCTION Retailers in the apparel industry are primarily engaged in the distribution, merchandising, and sale of men's, women's, and/or children's clothing to consumers. Apparel retailers include department stores, mass merchandisers, specialty stores, national chains, discount and off-price stores, outlets, and mail-order companies. A relatively new development is the rise of electronic forms of retailing such as interactive TV and on-line shopping ser

After North America, Europe, and Japan, the area of China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong "is a fourth growth pole in the world economy" (Jue 108) which in 1994 was expected to double in size by 2002. Today, the growth rate is still on track to fulfill that prediction. Recent Chinese economic policies have shot the country into the world economy at full speed. As testimony of this, China’s gross domestic product has risen to seventh in the world, and its economy is growing at over nine per

Alternative Sources of Fuel and Energy Written By, Kris Table of Contents Title Page Number Introduction 3 Consumption Chart 4 Conventional Fuels and Energy 5 World Electricity Generation Chart 6 Biomass 7-8 Natural Gas 8-9 Fuel Cells 9-10 Nuclear Energy 10-11 Hydropower 11-12 Wind Power 12-14 Closing Statement 14 Bibliography 15 Evaluation 16 Introduction Energy is the foundation of industrialized world; without energy, life as we know it would cease to exist. The ye

Antidumping and the WTO While antidumping doesn't get a lot of press, it is certainly one of the biggest issues that the World Trade Organization (WTO) is dealing with today. During the recent WTO Ministerial Conference in Seattle, much media attention was given to protesters who were demanding higher environmental standards or international labor standards. Yet, little media attention was given to the issue of dumping. Unseen by the television cameras or news reporters were steel workers

The Japanese economy is the second largest in the world, behind only the American economy. As such, its decade long downward slide has many lessons the American economy can learn from. The difference between the economies is one of degree, not type. Our own economy has been faltering of late, bringing fear of recession. The Japanese have been on that road for over ten years, and of late have been making aggressive moves towards a restructuring. This paper will look at the types of refor

Defining Real Property HistoricallyJust over a week from now, right here in Albany, the Property Rights Foundation of America will hold its second annual conference. These are the people who are the core of the so-called "wise use" movement, that is those who believe that the rights of ownership of real property stand above just about all other values in political negotiation, and that rights to private property are gravely threatened by a government that today seeks to encroach on the fou

Evaluate the economic performance of one of the ASEAN transitional economies – Burma, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam – from 1970 to the present and examine its problems and prospects for reform and transformation. 1. Introduction These four countries Burma, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam that formed the Indochina peninsula (refer to map) had attained independence from European colonial powers through revolutionary means, with the exception of Burma, and this greatly affected their

In compiling unemployment statistics for the United States and other developed countries an unemployed person is defined as anyone who is capable of working and is actively seeking work but is unable to find a job.1Before a person can be unemployed in this sense he must be an active member of the labor force in search of a job. Students and Homemakers perform work, but they are not considered employed unless they are paid; however, they are not considered unemployed unless they are ac

In Europe, the debut of the euro is widely hailed as the most important event affecting the international monetary landscape since the breakup of the Bretton Woods System in 1971 to 1973, or since the Bretton Woods Agreement in 1944, or maybe even since the founding of the Federal Reserve System in 1913. It has become a contest for European officials and commentators to see who can push the analogy back furthest in time. Eminences elsewhere in the world have similarly greeted the eu

While antidumping doesn't get a lot of press, it is certainly one of the biggest issues that the WTO is dealing with today. During the recent WTO Ministerial Conference in Seattle, much was mage about protesters who were demanding higher environmental standards or international labor standards. Little was mentioned about antidumping. However, In the midst of the many demonstrators there were steel workers and members of other union organizations like the AFL-CIO who were there to de

Introduction The Chinese economic reforms are long in the making, an unfolding process that has spanned most of the twentieth century. In fact, it completely fit the definition of a full reform. Unlike the other countries reforms, Chinese economic reforms can be characterized overall as very successful. When the other countries, such as Russia, were trying to do the same thing but did not success, China has increased its country s economy greatly. China has the fastest growing economy in

Running Head: Feasibility Study. Park Place Hotels MIS Project MBA 2000 - Cohort Team Three Mark Carey, Tim Swanson, Sherri Nelson, Sherri Thomas City University, Tacoma WA March 20, 1999 STRATEGIC NETWORKING, INC. Park Place Hotels, Ltd. - Installation of a Hotel Management Information System March 20, 1999 Internal Feasibility Report Number SNI-FS-990320 STRATEGIC NETWORK, INC. Park Place Hotels, Ltd. - Installation of a Management Information System March 20, 19

Introduction Since its inception, the Republic of Singapore has combined the fastest growth with the lowest inflation of any industrial economy. This feat was accomplished with a strict set of economic goals including a conservative monetary and fiscal policy, free trade, and a commitment to stable prices (Wood, 25). This evaluation of Singapore's economy will look at the history and forces behind their success. Setting Singapore has approximately the area and population of the city of Ch

ANTITRUST Table of Contents Monopoly................................................................................3 Predatory Pricing....................................................................4 Conglomerate Mergers...........................................................5 Vertical Mergers....................................................................12 Horizontal Mergers................................................................14 Conclusion/Recommendations

I. Introduction Mergers have long been a practice that businessmen have utilized as a way to improve, expand and consolidate their firms. They have come in waves starting as early as the 1800's (Brigham 1080). The bank merger wave, which started in 1980, continues and each new merger is bigger than the last (Dymski XV). Should this merger activity be a cause for concern? Many laws have been passed to regulate and ensure competition within the market. But, there has been a big turnaro

Mindy Nixon Professor Nay ECN 230 April 15, 2000 The Federal Reserve System The United States took over a hundred and twenty years to prefect a working banking system that could adequately adjusts to the constantly changing economy. The Federal Reserve System most important purpose is to preserve a stable economy in the US. The focus on monetary policy is to protect the purchasing power of the dollar and to encourage conditions that promote sustainable economic growth and high em

Description : Business and the economy Body of Essay : Task - 1 Discuss whether firms like Rechem should be allowed to "import" chemical waste from overseas to be disposed of here in the U.K. ANALYSIS Rechem have thirty years of experience in solving environmental problems caused by a wide range of hazardous and toxic materials. Their range of services included the following: + Waste Management + Logistics + Incineration + Project Management + Recycling + Environmental Monitoring (See

Trade and investmentAustralia's export structures have changed considerably over the past 15 years. Although trade in commodities remains strong, new services and sophisticated manufacturing export markets have emerged.Merchandise exports were valued at $86 billion in 1998-99. During the same year, Australian exports of services totalled $26 billion. Exports recorded seven per cent average annual growth in the five years to 1998-99. They now account for 20 per cent of GDP, compared wi

The first economic evaluation for this class was on the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. In keeping with the Caribbean theme, the country that was selected for comparison was the Dominican Republic. The policies that will be examined are privatization policies and corporate acquisition/merger policies in the two nations. In order to provide a quality analysis of the two countries economic policies, a general description and basic comparisons of the two nations are provided. Geographically

Evaluating Commercial Loan Request This report introduces a procedure that can be used to analyze the quantifiable aspects of commercial credit requests. The procedure incorporates a systematic interpretation of basic financial data and focuses on issues that typically arise when determining creditworthiness. Cash flow information is equally important when evaluating a firm’s prospects. Reported earnings and EPS can be manipulated by management debts, are repaid out of cash flow not

The Regional Economic Impacts of Idaho State University, 1996 Dr. Richard Bowen, President of Idaho State University, requested the Center for Business Research to conduct a study of the impact of the University on Idaho, with particular emphasis on its regional impacts upon the Pocatello area. This publication reports the findings and results of that effort, which was begun in the fall of 1997. This report is a follow-up to, and a complete revision of, a previous study co

JAPANESE DEREGULATION WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW JAPAN'S FINANCIAL DEREGULATION: Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto announced that his government would undertakean extensive deregulationof Japan's financial system by 2001- a proposal likened by senior officials to the "Big Bang" financial deregulation in theUnited Kingdom more than a decade ago. The exact nature of these reforms, the timetable for implementation, and indeed whether

Introduction For various reasons, China has always been an important country in the world. With its increasing large population, it was determined by other countries that is has a lot of economic potentials. In just one decade and a half, China has transformed itself from a giant that use to live in poverty into a wealthy powerhouse to the world economy. With one-fifth of the world¡¦s population, China is now producing 4% of world merchandise and a proportion of global production.

My topic deals with Pakistan, its relationship with the IMF and World Bank, and its internal problems that are causing unemployment, poverty, economic crisis and hunger. I shall be analyzing the situation using the neo-classical theory, as it is what the economists of the Pakistan government and the IMF are using to alleviate the economic instability of the country. Situated in the sub-continent, Pakistan is a low-income country, with great promise for growth. Unfortunately, it is held back f

Pastoralism is an economy based on herding. Pastoralists maintain herds of animals and use their products to support themselves directly and to exchange with other civilizations. It is especially associated with such terrain as steppes, rolling hills, grasslands, and the like-areas of low rainfall where cultivation is difficult without irrigation, but where grasses are plentiful enough to support herds of animals.1 Pastoralism was originally founded in the old world. Pastoralist

Pakistan A Portrait of the Death of an Economy My topic deals with Pakistan, its relationship with the IMF and World Bank, and its internal problems that are causing unemployment, poverty, economic crisis and hunger. I shall be analyzing the situation using the neo-classical theory, as it is what the economists of the Pakistan government and the IMF are using to alleviate the economic instability of the country. Situated in the sub-continent, Pakistan is a low-income country, with g

Courier Services in Australia From IBIS, September, 1998 1 Definition This class consists of units mainly engaged in the express door-to-door pick up, transport, and delivery of letters and mail-type articles, usually packages and small parcels. The activity may involve the use of one or more modes of transport which may be privately or publicly owned. 1.1 Referrals To Other Industries Units mainly engaged in: - other ordinary private sector parcel delivery services are included in t

U.S. Trade Relations with China and Japan (Post World War II) Political Science 421 Seminar on U.S. and Asia Pacific Dr. Margaret Karns April 11, 2000 The United States trades with countries all over the world, creating deficits or surpluses with these countries. The highest deficit that the US has currently is that with Japan, followed by China. With China and Japan s economies among the world s largest, the United States trade relations with the two are important. The path to deter

ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENTS IN 2000 The expansion of U.S. economic activity maintained considerable momentum through the early months of 2000 despite the firming in credit markets that has occurred over the past year. Only recently has the pace of real activity shown signs of having moderated from the extremely rapid rate of increase that prevailed during the second half of 1999 and the first quarter of 2000. Real GDP increased at an annual rate of 5-1/2 percent in the first

Table of Contents Mission Statement Company Objectives Company Overview 1. Historical Outline 2. Products and Services 3. Financial Statements SWOT Analysis § An analysis of company’s strengths § An analysis of company’s weaknesses § An analysis of company’s opportunities § An analysis of company’s threats Business Strategy Marketing Mix § Product § Pricing § Place § Promotion Analysis of Major Competitors in the Field § Kenmore § Whirlpool §

INTRODUCTION The war-torn country of Vietnam is once again in the midst of a revolution. Only this war is not being fought with soldiers and tanks; rather, it is being fought and won with businessmen and free-trade. This new on-slot of foreign business in the formerly closed country have completely rejuvenated the Vietnamese economy. For the first time since the re-unification of Vietnam in 1976, the doors of the market place are opened to the outside world and Vietnam is aggressively

Chapter1. Historical Retrospection of Sino-USSR Trade Sino-R.S.S.R trade started even before the establishment of the People’s Republic of China. In August 1946, the Chinese Communist Party Northeast Bureau reached an agreement with the Soviet Union to exchange clothes, medicine and other daily necessities with foodstuff. At the end of the year, a small-scale trade began. The trade relation between China and USSR had experienced great changes since the establishment of the People’s

ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENTS IN 2000 The expansion of U.S. economic activity maintained considerable momentum through the early months of 2000 despite the firming in credit markets that has occurred over the past year. Only recently has the pace of real activity shown signs of having moderated from the extremely rapid rate of increase that prevailed during the second half of 1999 and the first quarter of 2000. Real GDP increased at an annual rate of 5-1/2 percent in the first

ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENTS IN 2000 The expansion of U.S. economic activity maintained considerable momentum through the early months of 2000 despite the firming in credit markets that has occurred over the past year. Only recently has the pace of real activity shown signs of having moderated from the extremely rapid rate of increase that prevailed during the second half of 1999 and the first quarter of 2000. Real GDP increased at an annual rate of 5-1/2 percent in the first

The nature of interaction between traditional agrarian society and the ‘modern world’ has remained a controversial debate amongst anthropologists, sociologists and political theorists. It remains contentious as to whether the dominance of modern values over traditional is desirable; whether the arrival of the market and modern commerce betters or worsens the conditions of rural society and its relationship with the metropol; whether such change is received with apprehension or opt

The career that I have chosen to research is the Bank Manager. The bank manager has to have excellent people and communication skills, also they have to be outgoing. A bank manager has many duties such as making recommendations for employee raises and promotions. They also answer any questions, concerns, or deal with complaints that tellers or customers have, and they make sure the customers are satisfied with their banking experience. Bank managers keep the entire bank or trust

Greenwood County keeps growing every year new things are build , like houses , industries and many other things. Greenwood County has a diversified manufacturing economy some companies have more than a century , others have only recently selected Greenwood as the location of new Industries. Greenwood Mills , Inc. , began operations in 1891 , the town's first textile manufacturing plant , is now a major producer of denim and other fabrics . With 7,000 employees in South Carolina , G

With each election cycle rolling around every 4 years, the various political parties, especially the Republican and Democratic parties, are setting new records for campaign contributions and raising higher and higher amounts of money toward their goals. It seems elected officials spend more and more time on fundraising and less time on working for the people they are sworn to serve! Now what is wrong with that picture? Does the phrase "We have the best government money can buy," mean wh

Infrastructure and Economic Prosperity A famous Canadian geographer was once quoted saying, any region which has a well developed transportation and communication network also enjoys a high degree of economic prosperity . This statement has sparked much controversy between geographers, as well as economists. The argument is, is there a direct link between a developed infrastructure and economic prosperity. Without a doubt, there is a direct link between economic prosperity and a well-deve

As part of its yearly community outreach program for 2005, OCLP has chosen to team up with Gawad Kalinga to sponsor the building of four (4) houses at sixty thousand pesos (P60,000) per house. The Gawad Kalinga community where the sponsored houses would be built was situated at Sitio Libjo, Brgy. Sto. Nino, Paranaque City. The company’s cash donation came with a considerable contribution from the employees who were very eager to put in their own “sweat donation”. On January 22, 2005

Islamic Finance has been one of the fastest growing fields in the entire financial history of the world. As per Movassaghi and Raquibuz (2001), there were 166 Islamic banks and financial institutions in the world in 1996, with a total asset base of $137 billion, deposits of around $100 billion and paid-up capital of $7.3 billion. Last ten years have witnessed a phenomenal growth rate in Islamic financial institutions� performance. As per the recent statistics provided by The International I

There is more to money than meets the eye. Beneath its exterior life as a medium of exchange lies a complex and secret interior life. Money is not only legal tender it is also emotionally tender. Money officially inhabits a grown-up world but it speaks and acts with the voices of childhood. Do you know how much your parents earn? Why does it feel so invasive if someone looks in your wallet? Do you hesitate to ask a friend how much they paid for that new couch or car? There is plenty of talk ab

The year 1994 saw the beginning of a new era in trade relations among three major countries of North America. With the launch of North America Free Trade Agreement i.e., NAFTA, comprising of world’s two most powerful economies USA and Canada and Mexico, the whole economic situation of the region has become a matter of close observation. If the case of Canada and USA is looked upon, there already exist a number of bilateral agreements on issues from defense, border security to trade an

Human civilization, its development has got influenced by the discovery and use of fiber. Natural fibers have been used by humans since the very beginning of human race. Later for different applications a number of fibers such as flax, cotton, silk and other plant fibers came under human usage. Natural fibers are still in use and are available as an agro produce but it’s the artificial fibers which is at present ruling the textile industry. The industry currently produces a number of

As outsourcing has grown in the last 10 years due to the advancements of Technology, the U.S. has had to enforce rigorous sanctions on its trade policy. For example, according to the Wikipedia article \"Economic Sanctions,\" \"in 2002 the United States placed import tariffs on steel in an effort to protect its industry from foreign producers, such as China...\" (1). Furthermore, these sanctions have been the main component in creating tension between the import and export industry, domestic a

Although taxes are compulsory contributions imposed by relevant authorities to the citizens it should be noted that it enable such authorities in provision of public goods and services that can be used by all citizens without discrimination. In essence, taxes are said to be a source of revenue which can be utilized to meet the requirements of the members of the public. From the constitution of the state of Bacteria, it is evident that taxes as a source of revenue are used to pay the debts and li