Computers Essays & Term Papers

335 total

Social Control of Cyberspace B. Pereyra Our nation's infrastructure is daily becoming much more of an abstract environment due to the use of organized cyber criminals hacking away at our super computer information systems. They are generating unpredictable challenges for law enforcement in discovering the unethical abuse on computer systems and a concentration on the young topic of cyber terrorism threatening our criminal justice system. Our law enforcement continues to invent newer me

Abstract A diffuse group of people often called hackers has been characterised as unethical, irresponsible, and a serious danger to society for actions related to breaking into computer systems. In this essay I try to construct a picture of what is and includes a computer crime as well as a portray of hackers, their concerns, and the way in which hacking takes place. What I intend to argue is that, in their majority, hackers are learners and explorers who want to help rather than cause dama

While employee monitoring by management is nothing new, electronic monitoring (EM), is a relatively new phenomenon. According to Vaught, EM can be described as the use of electronic instruments or devices such as radio, video, and computer systems to collect, store, analyze, and report individual or group actions or performance . EM has grown to be a worldwide feature of organizations. Firms use these systems to monitor employee s actions, and to make sure they are performing to their pote

CHOICE IN COMPUTER-MEDIATED ENVIRONMENTS Abstract In the last several years, the increased diffusion of computer and telecommunications technologies in businesses and homes has produced new ways for organizations to connect with their customers. These computer mediated environments (CMEs) such as the World Wide Web raise new research questions. In this paper, we examine the potential research issues associated with CMEs in five areas: (1) decision processes, (2) advertising and communicati

Hackers' Culture Abstract: In this paper I have discussed about hackers, who hackers really are. It discusses when the term was originally coined and who was it originally used to refer to. As time passed, and various technological developments were made, hackers changed from information-hungry nerds to cyber-criminals. Then I discuss how the connotation associated with hackers has changed and how it does not apply to all hackers. The hackers who are harmful to the society are the members of

Should this business update to Windows 2000 from Windows 98 for its office PCs? In the business world today, computers and the software applications that run on them basically control an well-organized business. Every major company is equipped with a computer, or network that connects through different branches throughout the firm. To keep up with the fastest technology that dominates the market is to be a sensible buyer. A system can be outdated in a matter of two years time. Therefore,

The Y2K problem affects almost every computer system in some way. Because of the age we live in, it is safe to assume that Society rely on computers to a large degree The problem started out innocently enough. Well intentioned programmers using two digits to represent the year instead of four. Using the full four digits would have expanded the date field by one third at a time when memory was very expensive. The practice continued to maintain compatibility with older systems and data. T

PROCESS BASED SECURITY, WHAT IS IT AND HOW IT WILL CHANGE YOUR COMPUTER’S LIFE This note is for the purpose of explaining a new way to implement operating system security called process-based security. First, an explanation of traditional operating system security is given. Next, an explanation of process-based security is given. Finally, there are presented three examples of failure on the part of traditional security with how process-based security would not have allowed such a p

The world of computers has changed dramatically over the past 25 years. Twenty-five years ago, most computers were centralized and managed in data centers. Computers were kept in locked rooms and links outside a site were unusual. Computer security threats were rare, and were basically concerned with insiders. These threats were well understood and dealt with using standard techniques: computers behind locked doors and accounting for all resources. Twenty-five years later, many systems are c

Compaq Computer Corporation was founded in February 1982 by Rod Canion, Jim Harris and Bill Murto, three senior managers who left Texas Instruments and invested $1,000 each to form their own company. Their first idea was a portable personal computer that was sketched on a paper placemat in a Houston pie shop. The founders presented their idea to Ben Rosen, president of Sevin Rosen Partners, a high-tech venture capital firm. The venture capitalists were impressed with the idea of a portable p

The future of COBOL COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language) was the first widely used high-level programming language for business applications. Many payroll, accounting, and other business application programs written in COBOL over the past 35 years are still possible that there are more existing lines of programming code in COBOL than in any other programming language has been update over the years. Today we already stepped in internet Age, most of old style business also have b

COMPUTERS AND THE PROBLEM 2000 IN THE BUSINESS WORLD Computers play a huge role in Government, Economy, and Financial affairs. Based on theinformation concerning the year 2000 computer crash project (y2k), people are realizinghow much of the economy depends on computers. The age of electronics and morespecifically, computers, has caused a tremendous shift in the way we do business today. Today, many business people wouldn t be able to function efficiently withoutcommunications as we kno

LANs: Local Area Networks Local Area Networks also called LANs have been a major player in industrialization of computers. In the past 20 or so years the worlds industry has be invaded with new computer technology. It has made such an impact on the way we do business that it has become essential with an ever-growing need for improvement. LANs give an employer the ability to share information between computers with a simple relatively inexpensive system of network cards and software. It also

Early Computational Devices Somewhere around 3000BC the first mechanical counting device created was the abacus. The abacus is still used today and, amazingly to me, with great speed and accuracy. In 1642 another mechanical device was created called the Pascaline (after Blaise Pascal, a famous French mathematician). The Pascaline used gears and wheels ("counting-wheels") to perform the calculations. The interesting thing to note is that the counting-wheel design was used in calcula

Computer Programming Choosing to do a research on a career can be a little easier to do when you have some or a general knowledge a particular field of work. There are many different types of jobs one can decide to undertake, one of which is in the most popular line of work today: Computer Programming. Although this line of work might seem a little tiresome but you might find it enjoyable by people with lots of patience and the will to do long and tidious work. Most programmers in lar

Computers are one of the most important inventions ever. If computers had not been invented, technology would not be developed to its current state. Since the computers invention, society has changed drastically. Computer technology is so helpful, that it is even used to create newer, better computer equipment. Almost everything today is linked in some way, to computers. Before computers were invented, very little was known about outer space. With the technology we have n

Relational databases have long been associated with big enterprises, but lately they’ve been finding their way to an audience of different users. Now, most large-scale web sites use databases for at least some portion of their content. User registration information, inventory records, and event calendars are all managed through a database. Databases are applications running on the server that provides quick and efficient access to large amounts of organized data. In addition to

Q1. Evaluate the process that JCSS used to select its vendors and software. A computer selection committee (most of the major users of the system such as assistant principals, deans, counselors, teachers, the personal director and the chief accountant) was appointed to evaluate available systems and recommend a vendor to the JCSS School Board. It also included representatives of the different levels of schools in the system. The committee prepared a request for proposal (RFP) that wa

Prior to attending this class I thought I knew a lot about computers. What I’ve learned is that all I really knew was "buzz" words: megahertz, gigabyte, ram, megabyte, etc. I also assumed bigger was better, and there "may" be some truth to that statement. However, it is equally true that bigger is not always necessary. I needed to purchase a computer that would satisfy all the needs and wants of the family. I needed a system that could run accounting software, my wife needed the ab

XML and Java Abstract Most web developers are intimately familiar with HTML, which is a language for presenting information on-screen so that it can be read by a human. A new markup language is rapidly gaining attention, however. XML allows for the presentation of information which can be read by a computer program. It is likely that the future of web development includes the creation of increasing numbers of programs, which make intelligent use of the data on XML-based web pages.

Computer System Analyst Most people that come out of college with a degree have their mind set on what they want to be. They have chosen a career that they would like to work at and enjoy. Usually the average person wants good income, but at the same time also wants good job satisfaction. In the next 10 years the need for computer system analysts will dramatically rise. System analysts do the planning, scheduling, and coordination of activities required to develop methods of proc

What is Y2K and What Effect Did It Present On Modern Culture? Two seemingly small digits may turn January 1, 2000 from a worldwide celebration into a universal nightmare. Affecting companies worldwide, many pay millions upon millions of dollars in order for computers to recognize the difference between the years 2000 and 1900. One of the world’s most detrimental dilemmas, the year 2000 computer bug is an extensive and interesting problem that everyone must face. The definition and

A history of hacking Hacking has been around for more than a century. In the 1870s, several teenagers were flung off the country's brand new phone system by enraged authorities. Here's a peek at how busy hackers have been in the past 35 years. Early 1960s University facilities with huge mainframe computers, like MIT's artificial intelligence lab, become staging grounds for hackers. At first, "hacker" was a positive term for a person with a mastery of computers who could push progra

Mainframe Computers Mainframe computer is defined by Webster dictionary, as a computer with it's cabinet and internal circuits; also: a large fast computer that can handle multiple tasks concurrently.1 The second definition is probably more accurately because in the 1940s, there were a half-dozen computers, designed in clumsy ways, using expensive (vacuum tube) components, consuming vast amounts of power, which would take up large amounts of floor space. No one in those days thought that m

DELL’S SOLUTION FOR THE Y2K BUG Introduction The company in which we choose to perform an analysis concerning the Y2K problem is Dell Computer Corporation. We were able to find many outstanding measurements that Dell has taken to make their computer hardware and software compliant for the year 2000. We also found how Dell is helping their employees and most importantly, their customers in dealing with the Y2K problem. Before we move on, we would like to give you a quick preview of

Introduction The development of a new computer system starts with the analysis of a particular business problem that IT can solve and ends up with the newly developed computer system being tested and put into place. First you need people to investigate and analyse the business problem - it could be setting up a booking system for a chain of hotels, or a new payroll system for a large company, for example and then design a system which can handle the task. This stage of the process is

Computer Science Computer Science is an exciting field which requires dedication and hard work. A Computer Scientist sits at a desk all day and writes programs, technical writes, and various other tasks. At first a Computer Scientist starts under an executive, but in a few short years they are executives themselves. If a person wants to enter the field of Computer Science one must meet the requirements, takes advantages of opportunities available, and face the demands of the job. A Co

Computers in our World In the 1950's, computers were a new race of machines and most common person did not know anything about them. Today, computers and new Innovation like the internet has changed the business world and even our daily lives. How did it change the business world and our own personal lives and is it for the best, that's what will be discussed in this report. How Computers changed our lives Introduction Large businesses now mostly depend on computers to stay competitive, th

INFORMATION AND DECISION SYSTEMS CAREERS Introduction San Diego State University has over twenty thousand students. Some have declared majors and others go through a few years undecided. In today’s work force, it is not always weather or not you have a degree, but what type of field you choose could make a difference of up to $20,000 in your salary. I am currently pursuing a degree in Information and Decision Systems. In this report, I will begin with explaining various aspects

In the 1950's, computers were a new race of machines and most common person did not know anything about them. Today, computers and new Innovation like the internet has changed the business world and even our daily lives. How did it change the business world and our own personal lives and is it for the best, that's what will be discussed in this report. Contents Summary 1 Introduction 3 When were computers invented Brief history of compute

The global market demands highly efficient communications, and time-to market pressures require ever-greater efficiency; rapidly changing customer requirements demand organizations that can react quickly. And as levels of management are downsized and workers' responsibilities increase, they need more information, and they need it faster to help the organization compete. This distribution of information has resulted in an unprecedented dependence on information systems. From 1984 to 1994, th

SWOT analysis of Dell Computers History: The company was founded in 1984 by Michael Dell, now the computer industry's longest-tenured chief executive officer, on a simple concept: that by selling personal computer systems directly to customers, Dell could best understand their needs, and provide the most effective computing solutions to meet those needs. Today, Dell is enhancing and broadening the fundamental competitive advantages of the direct model by increasingly applying the ef

The Millennial sun will first rise over human civilization in the independent republic of Kiribati, a group of some thirty low lying coral islands in the Pacific Ocean that straddle the equator and the International Date Line, halfway between Hawaii and Australia. This long awaited sunrise marks the dawn of the year 2000, and quite possibly, the onset of unheralded disruptions in life as we know it in many parts of the globe. Kiribati’s 81,000 Micronesians may observe nothing differ

The Net, a feature film from Sony Pictures, details the high-tech drama of Angela Bennett (played by Sandra Bullock) who is a computer systems analyst. When she accidentally gains access to a classified program, she becomes trapped in a web of mystery and conspiracy. However, the film failed to win over movie audiences and one reason might be that most people in the movie going public are still unaware as to exactly what a computer systems analyst does. According to Webster's New World Dict

This year, most of the world is preparing to celebrate the year 2000 and the coming of a new millennium. However, many businesses, manufacturers, banks and hospitals are quietly hoping for an uneventful new year’s transition. At midnight on December 31, many businesses will be anticipating what effects the millennium rollover will have on computer software and other equipment that contain a time sensitive chip called an embedded chip. Early computer programmers, in an effort to c

Computer programmers held about 568,000 jobs in 1996. Programmers are employed in almost every industry but the largest amount is in the computer and data processing industry that includes companies that write and sell software. Allot of programmers can also be found working for companies that provide engineering and management services, manufacturers of computer and office equipment, financial institutions, insurance carriers, educational institutions, and government agencies. A gr

INTRODUCTION OF NETWORKING One problem that I see with people today is that they are unaware what a computer network is. They might have heard of a computer network, but they are clueless as to how it works or why it works. People have basic questions that need to be answered. My goal is to give basic network information that will hopefully answer those questions. To give people an understanding about computer networks there are several areas that I must focus on. I will give

History of Computers in the U.S. The most incredible thing ever invented is the computer. It exists in nearly every business in the U.S. and one out of every two households. "From the first wooden abacus to the latest high-speed microprocessor, the computer has changed everyones lives." The very earliest computer is the abacus, which dates back almost 2000 years ago in Chinese history. It is a wooden rack that holds wires on which beads are strung. When these beads are moved along the wire

What is an operating system? · Kernel - provides a well-defined interface between programs and the hardware. It is a resource manager where the resources include memory, CPU access, input/output ports, etc. · Shell - interacts with the user, accepting commands and starting user programs. · Utilities - include programs required to make the system useful, such as programs to copy files, or simple text editors. · Windowing system - a collection of programs that implement a graphica

White-collar crime, specifically computer crime, is becoming more popular as computers become more readily available. Crimes using computers and crimes against computers are usually committed without fear of being caught, due to the detachment of the offender from the victim. Computer crime is defined as, “Criminal activity directly related to the use of computers, specifically illegal trespass into the computer system or database of another, manipulation or theft of stored or on-l

White-collar crime, specifically computer crime, is becoming more popular as computers become more readily available. Crimes using computers and crimes against computers are usually committed without fear of being caught, due to the detachment of the offender from the victim. Computer crime is defined as, “Criminal activity directly related to the use of computers, specifically illegal trespass into the computer system or database of another, manipulation or theft of stored or on

COMPUTER Generally, a computer is any device that can perform numerical Calculations --even an adding machine, an abacus, or a slide rule. Currently, however, the term usually refers to an electronic device that can use a list of instructions, called a program, to perform calculations or to store, manipulate, and retrieve information. Today's computers are marvels of miniaturization. Machines that once weighed 30 tons and occupied warehouse-size rooms now may weigh as little as three

INTRODUCTION DigiFile has been serving the Houston community since 1992. Originally a litigation support company, they evolved into a total solution service organization for electronic document management. They offer conversion services, both at their production facility and on-site, as well as open architecture data management solutions. While initially servicing the legal industry they have ventured into other markets through associations developed through existing clients. Ownership is

1.0 Through this report I am aiming to examine the software industry on an international scale. It is an in depth analysis of an industry strongly dominated and influenced by a powerful monopoly, examining the following; a) The market structure, its history, potential competition and its trends. b) The industry s conduct in terms of advertising, pricing policies, branding, merger activity, with particular focus on the main player. c) The industry s performance in terms of innovation due to

The Computer - One of the Most Incredible Inventions in HistoryOnly once in a lifetime will a new invention come about to touch every aspect of our lives. Such a device that changes the way we work, live, and play is a special one. A machine that has done all this and more now exists in nearly every business in the US and one out of every two households (Hall, 156). This incredible invention is the computer. The electronic computer has been around for over a half-century, but its anc

INFORMATION SYSTEM CASE STUDY Great-West Life & Annuity Insurance Company is an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of The Great-West Life Assurance Company the largest stockholder-owned insurance company in Canada, and a member of the Power Financial group of companies. We are searching for a new enterprise system. We are looking for a structured approach that eliminates the guesswork and makes the job faster and easier. In fact, we are in demand of a proven method that includes the use of

Only once in a lifetime will a new invention come about to touch every aspect of our lives. Such a device that changes the way we work, live, and play is a special one, indeed. A machine that has done all this and more now exists in nearly every business in the US and one out of every two households. This incredible invention is the computer. The electronic computer has been around for over a half-century, but its ancestors have been around for 2000 years. However, only in the last 40 yea

Exploring the Career of A Computer Programmer I. Job Description A. Role of Computer Programmer B. Nature of Work II. Educational Preparation A. High School B. Postsecondary Education III. Potential Earnings A. Lowest Paid B. Average ( Median ) C. Highest Paid IV. Possible Benefits A. Discounts B. Use of Company Equipment V. Possible Liabilities A. Eye Strain B. Back Discomfort C. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome The rapid spread of computers in today s society has bought forth the d

History of the Computer Industry in AmericaAmerica and the Computer Industry Only once in a lifetime will a new invention come about to touch every aspect of our lives. Such a device that changes the way we work, live, and play is a special one, indeed. A machine that has done all this and more now exists in nearly every business in the U.S. and one out of every two households (Hall, 156). This incredible invention is the computer. The electronic computer has been around for over a half-c

Enterprise Network Management J. Banks, J. Brown, E. Kimble, J. Sachsel 1 Organizational Impact of an Enterprise Network Management Solution Using NetIQ’ s AppManager University of Maryland, University College Adelphi, MD Team J3E Members Jeffrey Banks Jeremiah (Pep) Brown Evelyn Kimble Jeffrey Sachsel July 14, 2000 Enterprise Network Management J. Banks, J. Brown, E. Kimble, J. Sachsel 2 Table of Contents Abstract ..................................................