Architecture Essays & Term Papers

243 total

In 5th century BCE Athens was at it s golden age. Drama, sculpting, poetry, philosophy, architecture, and science all reached new and exciting peaks. From 480 to 430 BC Athens was continually productive and successful. All these advances took place with the help of Pericles, an Athenian statesman with a collection of perceptions. Pericles lead to the addition of the acropolis. Acropolis was a term originally applied to any fortified natural stronghold or citadel in ancient Greece. The typi

VXI and PXI: Competitive or Complimentary? Executive Summary VXI has emerged as a powerful open architecture for automatic test systems in its short thirteen-year history. An evolving new standard for data acquisition and test called PXI has more recently gained a lot of attention. PXI marketers have been promoting PXI as a low cost replacement for VXI. This report examines the key differences between the two architectures and concludes that: · VXI and PXI address two different mark

Classic Mayan Architecture Mayan culture existed a thousand years ago, in what is now part of Central America. Its ruins were almost entirely abandoned by 600 A.D, and were not rediscovered until the early 1500’s, by Spanish settlers. Mayan architecture astounded the early conquistadors, and continues to be of great interest to modern archeologists as well. These scientists have labeled a certain period of Mayan architectural history as the “Classic” period. This refe

Filippo Brunelleschi(1377-1446) Filippo Brunelleschi was born in 1377 in Florence. He was the second son of three to Ser Brenellesco di Lippo Lapi who was a notary of some distinction and his mother was Giuliana Spini. He was a sculpture and goldsmith in his early years. His first attempt at architectural design was in 1401 in the famous competition for the Baptistery doors of the cathedral of Florence. Brunelleschi was one of six including Lorenzo Ghiberti to

Architecture is the design of individual building and garden projects that make the realm of the voids visible, memorable and ultimately, useful. Crucial to the making of any city is the clear distinction of such projects by scale and character. Firstly, the definition of buildings and landscape that builds an urban collective form, a fabric. And secondly, civic and community buildings and gardens, physically distinguishable by their institutional purpose. Architecture and Urbanism ar

Architecture and Burials in the Maya and Aztec Plundering and carnage were the overlying results of the Spanish conquest of MesoAmerica beginning in 1519. The ensuing years brought many new "visitors," mostly laymen or officials in search of wealth, though the Christianity toting priest was ever present. Occasionally a man from any of these classes, though mainly priests would be so in awe of the civilization they were single handedly massacring that they began to observe and document

Frank Lloyd Wright's favorite occupation on a Sunday afternoon was to rearrange the furniture in his Oak Park house; photographs of these experiments still exist today. They show that during his first six years there, his living room, for instance, was filled with an eclectic assortment of furniture, ferns, oriental rugs, draped shawls and curtains–all of which demonstrated the influence of the Aesthetic Movement on his taste. Six years later, though, Wright had redesigned his din

Baroque Art "An art-historical term used both as an adjective and a noun to denote, principally, the style that originated in Rome at the beginning of the 17th century superseding Mannerism. The Council of Trent (1545-63) had strongly advocated pictorial clarity and narrative relevance in religious art and to a degree Italian artists such as Santi di Tito (1536-1603) had responded with a more simplified style which has been called 'Anti-Mannerism'. Yet it was not until the 17th century, with

GREECE AND ROME RELIGION THE ANCIENT GREEKS AND ANCIENT ROMANS LIVED THROUGHOUT THE TIMES OF 800B.C. AND 476A.D. THE GREEKS WHO INHABITTED THE CITY-STATES OF SPARTA AND ATHENS, AND THE ROMANS WHO LIVED, OF COURSE, IN ROME. THE GREEKS AND ROMANS WERE DIFFERENT IN THEIR VIEWS OF RELIGION AS SEEN IN ARCHITECTURE, SCULPTURE AND PHILOSOPHY. ARCHITECTURE POST-MODERNISM CAN BE TRACED BACK TO THE SUPREME ARCHITECTURAL ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE GREEKS. THE GREATEST OF THESE WAS THE T

skyscraper architecture "http://www.coshe.com/search/" The architectural design of the 20th century skyscrapers has been redefined due to the advancement of our modern technology. Benny Louie Humanity 450 Dr. Maureen Schmid 17 May 1999 The architectural design of the 20th century skyscrapers has been redefined due to the advancement of our modern technology. In our modern society, the architectural design of skyscrapers is changing the downtown landscape of metropolitan areas

Christianity came into existence almost 2000 years ago. Christianity, like Judaism, rose from obscurity to become the dominant religion of Western culture. Christianity also became the dominant faith of Rome at the end of fourth century A.D. (Matthews 157.) Both Christianity and Rome influenced Europe in a number of ways. Christianity soon became the greater part of the empire. Between 284 and 476, Roman civilization went through two stages. One stage involved Diocletian’s re

Acoustics in Music Through out the history of music, acoustics have played a major role. After all if it were not for acoustics the quality of sound that we know today would not exist. The word acoustics comes from the Greek word akouein, which means, “to hear”(Encarta Encyclopedia). Since music has to be heard in most cases for enjoyment, acoustics obviously take on a very important role in the pleasure that music brings to the ear. Acoustical architecture and design are t

The Colosseum, the grandest amphitheater ever made, stands as a symbol of the epic Roman Empire. The Flavian Amphitheater, commonly called the Colosseum, got its nickname because of its colossal dimensions and because of a colossal statue of Nero that was nearby. Construction of the amphitheater began in 70 A.D. and was completed in 80 A.D. It is known for its multi-level system of vaults made of concrete. The elliptical amphitheater is 156 meters long, while its circumference is

VIRTUALISM IN ARCHITECTURE This subject was suggested as a possible topic from the course outline. As it is an area of much interest and controversy was chosen as the direction of study for the paper. Previous research into Virtual Reality (VR), coupled with a particular interest in its architectural application also proved motivating. However, although the direction of the initial research appeared straightforward, after further investigation it became obvious that there were in fact two

During the 1930's, this American regionalist pianter was in his prime. Grant Wood was born on the day Febuary 13 , 1891 in Anomosa, Iowa. He won much acclaim including both critical and popular for his element. During his four visits to Europe in the late 1920's Wood was strongly influenced by the work of 16th century flenish painters such as the Van Eyck brothers. Their paintings helped the stylized form of realism through which he expressed his strong Mid-Western themes. Wood's witly

Your name here South Beach In Miami, there lies a prosperous, growing area that lies right next to the beach. This area has been developed into one of the most exciting cities to visit today. South Beach has grown very rapidly to become a major tourist attraction of the United States and many other areas such as Europe and Latin America. South Beach is built in art deco form so the surrounding buildings are very interesting to look at when there. Art Deco was first created during th

The more things change, the more they stay the same. While art has always been an ever changing form, it has deep roots in traditionalism; whether an artist or designer looks at the art that came before him and is inspired to follow that form, is inspired to do something completely opposite, or sees the flaws which, if corrected, could make that work of art perfect, he is ultimately quite influenced by what came before him. Nowhere is this more evident than in the design styles found n

Ancient Greece. Their contributions to our world. Might I start this essay by making sure that we all know that without Ancient Greece, we would not have Greek Salad. That I see, is Ancient Greece's most important, and most evident contribution to the modern world. If you want to muddle in the insignificant ways that Greece has influenced modern life, fine, lets go. Ancient Greece has created those lovely pillars mounted on the outside of banks, and upper middle class houses all over A

of all time. The city of Rome once was home to more than one million residents in the early centuries. The Romans had a fine selection of building monuments in the city of Rome including the forums for civic services, temples of worship, and amphitheaters for recreation and play. The Romans made great use and pioneered great architecture mechanisms Architecture of the ancient Roman Empire is considered one of the most impressive including arches, columns, and even mechanical elements

The greatest of medieval civilizations was the Eastern Roman Empire. The Roman Empire was divided in 395. The Western half, ruled from Rome, was ruled by the barbarians in the 5th century. The Eastern half, known as the Byzantine Empire, lasted for more than over 1,000 years. The Byzantine Empire was one of the leading civilizations in the world. Byzantine Architecture Is a mixed style composed of Graeco-Roman and Oriental elements which, The form of the church used most in the west

Augustus Rome; modern marvel in ancient times Throughout history the world has seen many a great empire rise and fall. Empires that have spanned the globe and dominated vast tracts of land as well the age in history from which they spawned. Many of these empires were famous for their capitols, crown jewels of the empires where the main power was centered and where the government was housed. Rome in the ancient Roman Empire was perhaps the greatest city of this kind. Perhaps reaching its ful

The architectural design of the 20th century skyscrapers has been redefined due to the advancement of our modern technology. Benny Louie Humanity 450Dr. Maureen Schmid17 May 1999 The architectural design of the 20th century skyscrapers has been redefined due to the advancement of our modern technology. In our modern society, the architectural design of skyscrapers is changing the downtown landscape of metropolitan areas. Due to the change of technologies, it has changed the

Plundering and carnage were the overlying results of the Spanish conquest of MesoAmerica beginning in 1519. The ensuing years brought many new "visitors," mostly laymen or officials in search of wealth, though the Christianity toting priest was ever present. Occasionally a man from any of these classes, though mainly priests would be so in awe of the civilization they were single handedly massacring that they began to observe and document things such as everyday life, religious ritual

When talking about the basic type of Egyptian temple, it is all about heavy columns, walls, pylons, big courts, and the use of axis, symmetrically and made of stones or mud bricks. The plan of the Egyptian temple is rectangular, symmetrical and set on the longitudual axis approaching through courts and halls. Each court is being bigger than each one One of the famous Egyptian temple is the Temple of Queen Hatshepsut. It is built by her vizier Senenmut about 1478-1458 B.C. in the new ki

The Medieval and Renaissance art vary greatly in terms of subject and technique. Medieval art produced works that were less free in theme and style while Renaissance art explored on various techniques and depicted reality in its truest sense. Architecture in the medieval period had so much religious influence while in the Renaissance many other buildings of nonreligious subjects were built. Therefore, town houses and commercial edifices were constructed other than churches. The structu

FA 48 ART OF THE WESTERN WORLD ESSAY QUESTIONS 1 THROUGH 4Michael J. Wiggin 6/8/98Program One: CLASSICAL IDEALQuestion number oneArchaic example: KOUROS c. 540 BC (page 12 of text)Classical example: THE DORYPHORUS OF POLYCLITUS c. 440 BC (page 13 of text) The archaic piece is stiff, formal and yet, faintly smiling, giving the viewer a sense of joy in life and of triumph. These were modeled after Egyptian sculptures and followed an established canon. One foot in front of the othe

Christopher Wren, the son of the Dean of Windsor, and nephew of Dr. Mathew Wren, the Bishop of Norwich, was born in 1632. As his father was the king's chaplain, Christopher spent his early life in Windsor Castle. As a child he played with the king's son who later became Charles II. Christopher was an intelligent boy and did very well at school. He was particularly interested in mathematics and science, and by the age of seventeen had made several inventions. These included an instrument that

Henry Hobson Richardson designed his most famous building, Trinity Church in Copley Square, after winning a competition in 1972. James O’Gorman described Trinity as “a cultural even of the first importance in American history.” “The building both represents a departure of the Boston’s mind from its Puritan past, and emergence of American creativity as a force in architecture.” Born in 1838, Richardson was raised just outside New Orleans and surrounded

A successfully built pond provides a feeling of restfulness in an area of interest. And always draws a viewers attention. Creating an artificial water feature that looks like it has always been there can be a challenge. The surrounding should be carefully examined. Since water always sinks to the lowest part of a landscape it would look unnatural to have it in a slope or have it burrowed into the top of a ridge or knoll. Materials that match those found naturally on the site should be used i

The Rise, Presence, and Fall of the Inca The importance and influence that a civilization creates is not often thought about by people. It can create many differences in the lives in mankind around the world. The textbook definition of a civilization is the state of human society marked by a high level of intellectual, technological, cultural, and social development. This statement does not emphasize the effect that a civilization has on a population. The Incas were a perfect example of a rem

The church in the Middle Ages was a place that all people, regardless of class, could belong to. As a source of unity, its influence on art and architecture was great during this time. As society drew away from the feudal system of the Romanesque period, a new spirit of human individualism began to take hold; alas, the birth of Gothic. Here, the Church became a place where humanity became more acceptable, alas becoming the ideal place to visual such new ideals. The beauty and elegance

Ever since the origin of Las Vegas s Strip, by Bugsy Siegel with the casino Flamingo, the architectural structure of the city has always been a masculine theme. As Aaron Betsky says all buildings are either masculine or feminine. Masculine architecture is the cold, overbearing, flashy, outdoor structures. Feminine architecture has a homier, soft, indoors, where you want to stay at quality to the structure. With these terms defined the flashy, dominating, masculinity of Las Vegas has been evide

Eero Saarinen. What did you think when you heard that? You probably thought, Who is that? I have never heard of him. That is not surprising, because he accomplished many things he is not well known for, unless you do crossword puzzles-- which are filled with unusual information. If you do know who he is, however, it is probably because of his architecture or his curious furniture. After a very brief overview of Eero s life the focus will be on his work involving Dulles Internationa

The church in the Middle Ages was a place that all people, regardless of class, could belong to. As a source of unity, its influence on art and architecture was great during this time. As society drew away from the feudal system of the Romanesque period, a new spirit of human individualism began to take hold; alas, the birth of Gothic. Here, the Church became a place where humanity became more acceptable, alas becoming the ideal place to visual such new ideals. The beauty and elegance o

Ever since I came to understand what I would like to be when I grow up, I dreamt to become an architect. The way I interpreted this field was like a child’s play, but I guess I was wrong. Many experiences within past thirteen years have changed my way of looking at the future. These experiences were interesting enough to change me as a person. The experience of working at the hospital and interviewing a doctor impacted me in the way I used to look at the future. I never dreamt o

Getty Museum report Getty Center is a place to experience and enjoy art in unique setting that features dramatic architecture, tranquil gardens, and breathtaking views. The Getty Center is surrounded yet slightly removed from the city, evoking both urbanity and peaceful contemplation. It is located at the very high peak of the mountain, which is perfect view of the surrounding area. The Getty center is over two-hill top ridge; stand inside the museum Entrance Hall s cylindrical space-which r

Behind the complex understanding of Greek architectural design lay the backbone of all Greek lifestyle, Sacred Architecture. The temples built in Ancient Greece were extraordinary in their design, planning, and construction. Some of the more simple temples were built with solid limestone blocks, which were surfaced with stucco made of marble dust (Greece, 1). Other temples were made completely of solid marble or other near-indestructible materials. These temples were constructed to worship the

With all art movements in history, one may see that each movement is either influenced by another, or is a reaction to the preceding movement. The latter is especially representative of modern architecture. The architecture of the twentieth century is generally characterized by its use of industrial materials principally steel, glass, and reinforced concrete. In modern architecture, needs of modern society are emphasised. These needs include town planning and low cost, often prefabr

Cosimo de' Medici (1389ñ1464), the fabulously wealthy banker who became the leading citizen of Florence in the fifteenth century, spent lavishly as the city' s most important patron of art and literature. This remarkable book is the first comprehensive examination of the whole body of works of art and architecture commissioned by Cosimo and his sons. By looking closely at this spectacular group of commissions, we gain an entirely new picture of their patron and of the patron' s point o

Group A: Black Death Increasing travel between Europe and Asia led to the spread of many different diseases, one of which wiped out a forth of the population of Europe. Black Death, which is a form of the Bubonic Plague, is one of the worst epidemic disease in history. This disease started as early as the Tang period and lasted through the 1300's. The plague traveled through flea infested rats from central China to northwestern China and soon enough across Eurasia. The caravan traffic

Persian Influence on Greco-Roman Culture He stands there, examining a beautiful white column, with perfect curves around it and an exquisite capital that shows detailed architecture. He twists his head to the right just a bit to read the official description. He is in the Louvre museum and a bit surprised. He was expecting to read "Pre-Hellenistic Greek Column," but stunned, he realizes that it says "columns of Persepolis, circa 500 B.C.E." "That's surprising", he says to himself "I could hav

The Hunter art museum was built in 1904. Its original purpose was to be a home for the wealthy insurance broker Ross Faxon. Its site was chosen to overlook the Tennesee river. It was sold a to the widow of Benjamin F. Thomas and then to George Thomas Hunter who later left the house to be used for the public after his death. It was then opened as a art museum in 1952. It was completely restored in 1996. Its architectural design is that of the early 1900’s. It was built in the classic

"...having a good start, not only do I fully intend to be the greatest architect who has yet lived, but fully intend to be the greatest architect who will ever live. Yes, I intend to be the greatest architect of all time." - Frank Lloyd Wright 1867-1959 It appears that from the very beginning, Frank Lloyd Wright was destined by fate or determination to be one of the most celebrated architects of the twentieth century. Not only did Wright possess genius skills in the spatial cognition,

Just imagine you are standing 300 meters that is 984 ft above the ground, looking down at the beautiful city of Paris. The wind is blowing at your face and it is messing up your hair, but you do not care. You are on the top of the highest building in the center of culture, the magnificent Paris and that is all that matters. Yes, you are standing on top of Eiffel Tower. This is the first thing that comes to your mind when you think about Paris, the tall, lean tower. But have you ever won

1. Bouffrand: Salon de la Princess, hotel de Soubise, Paris, France, begun 1730 s Salon de la Princess, is a many sided cylindrical interior room and is part of the Rococo style that incorporates minimal architectural features and light airy decor, that develops into a profession of interior design. Rococo is the revolt against complicated Baroque that decorated the interior of Versailles, in revolt against the palace and after the death of Louis XIV, French women who had city houses in Paris

Michelangelo s David Michelangelo Buonarroti was born in the small village of Carprese and grew up in Florence. Florence was the artistic center of the early Renaissance, a period of outstanding artistic innovation and accomplishment that began in the early 1400s. The master pieces that surrounded Michelangelo were his best teachers-ancient Greek and Roman statuary, and the paintings, sculpture, and architecture of early Renaissance masters Masaccio, Lorenzo Ghiberti, Donatello, Jacopo dell

.......having a good start not only do I fully intend to be the greatest architect who has yet lived, but fully intend to be the greatest architect who will ever live. Yes, I intend to be the greatest architect of all time. - Frank Lloyd Wright 1867-1959 CHILDHOOD Born in Richland Center, in southwestern Wisconsin, on June 8, 1867 (Sometimes reported as 1869) Frank Lincoln Wright (Changed by himself to Frank Lloyd Wright) was raised in the influence of a welsh heritage. The Lloy

The 1998/1999 academic year was spent by myself and four companions in Paris. This period of my life still evokes nostalgic memories and as a result the city will forever remain as one of my favourite destinations. When faced with the task of composing an essay about a factor of Paris that affected me, I was first tempted to describe one of the negative aspects of the city (it has more than its fare share) such as the ugly face of racism or the seemingly common practise of nepotism and corrupt

The Tomb Effigy of Jaquelin deFerriere (Limestone, North French, late 13th century) is unusual in style for the time and place in which it was created. In the 13th century, Gothic art in France consisted of more three dimensional sculpture and more of a variety in the poses of the figures than in the Romanesque period which preceded it. The Tomb Effigy of Jaquelin deFerriere falls into the transition period between the Romanesque (11th- 12th century) and Gothic time-frames (12th- 15th cent

In the Florence Cathedral, Florence, Italy, there is a cathedral church whose octagonal dome, built without the aid of scaffolding, was considered the greatest engineering feat of the early Renaissance. Dedicated to Santa Maria del Fiore, Our Lady of the Flower, it is also known as the Duomo, after the Italian word for cathedral. Created by many great Early Modern artists, this piece of architecture is a perfect example the Renaissance style. We can come to a better understanding of why