Architecture Essays & Term Papers

243 total

Once an ordinary building in Rome originally built in 27 BC by the statesman Agrippa, now a wonder of the modern world. After two fires and 145 years, the emperor Hadrian built the dome and round hall, which the Pantheon is known for today. Around 128 AD, the Pantheon was finished, disregarding some minor alterations made in the early third century. The Pantheon stands elite, possessing appearance, size, and architecture of unparalleled equality. Lined with Corinthian columns, the p

Chartes Cathedral Malcolm Miller, an English-speaking tour guide at the Chartes Cathedral states, The Chartes Cathedral is a book. Its architecture is in the binding, and its stories are told through its windows and sculptures. The Chartes Cathedral held true to this statement through my research of this famous gothic cathedral. Located in the heart of a small, sleepy town southwest of Paris, it contains the largest collection of exquisite stained glass, sculptures, and vaulted ceilings.

Jessica Freeman Art History Per 3 Roman Architecture The buildings created by the Roman architects were innovative, in the sense that specific qualities of the building were borrowed from other cultures. The ability to take from other cultures to apply to theirs created a new outlook for architecture. The Romans were learning new ways to accommodate for the growing population and become utilitarian and also pretty at times. Several of the techniques they used helped to influence t

Ryan p T International Style International style is an architectural style that developed in Europe and the United States in the 1920s and 1930s. This style became the dominant tendency for western architecture in the later twentieth century. Common characteristics of International style buildings are rectangular forms that have been completely stripped of applied ornamentation and decoration, visually weightless qualities, open interior spaces, and an overwhelming association with ge

Les Cathedrales are an important part of almost any society. They provide the communities in which they stand with an amazing sense of prosperity and pride. The term cathedral derives from the Latin word Cathedra, which means throne for the bishop. A cathedral is the bishops church, the administrative center of the dioceses and the spiritual center for the entire region. In le moyen age cathedrals also served as the focus of city life. The construction of these important cultural e

Comparing the Venturi house vs. the Villa Mairea’s relationship to Orthodox Modernism, both Aalto and Venturi rejected the perceived sterility of Orthodox Modern buildings. This rejection led to the development of Post-Modernism in architecture. Both of these architects believed that Orthodox Modernist ultimately produced designs consisting of glass or white boxes and a desensitization for the human scale and form. The idea of Modernism, that form follows function, is defied by Vent

Chartres Cathedral is the cathedral church of Notre Dame (Our Lady) in the city of Chartres in northwestern France. It is one of the foremost examples of High Gothic French architecture, and is widely noted not only for its innovations in architecture, but also for its many sculptures and celebrated stained glass. The oldest parts of the cathedral are taken from a Romanesque church, which was destroyed by a fire in 1194. The present day cathedral was constructed on this church’s fou

Experiencing EXPERIENCING ARCHITECTURE What is it that we mean when we say ‘the architecture of the city’? What are cities planned to be? Why should we plan anything? When we plan ahead, we perhaps have a goal in mind. What is this goal, for an architect or an urban designer? Simply putting it, their goal is to make environments in which man can live in ways better than he could before. Right from the early times, when shelter meant only a roof over ones head, or w

Influence of Islamic Art The art of Europe, or 'Western art' is of a totally different type and style as what is known as 'Islamic art'. It is difficult to have samples of both together in one place, observe the patterns of one and the narrative form of the other and say, "Islamic art influenced the art of Italy". It is, however, very true. This 8 page paper asserts that the Rococo style was very similar in derivation and materials to the Islamic art that influenced it. Like the Ara

In the strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde: Steveson used the architecture of Dr. Jekyll s house very intelligently. The house can be regarded to be parallel to Dr. Jekyll s double personality. Throughout the book, the house lends itself as a powerful prop, by which it is possible for Dr. Jekyll to use his house even when he is in the form of Mr. Hyde. The house, like Dr. Jekyll, has a dark side. On the front side of the house, it seems to be an elite, upper class, respectable home. Howeve

Greek Architecture and the Parthenon Architecture according to Encarta 99 is the art or science of designing and constructing buildings. There are many different types of architecture, but they all eventually trace back to the Greeks and Romans. The Greek s roots lie in the Aegean civilization; nevertheless its particular characteristics have made it one of the most established influences in Western architecture. One of the most important and famous examples of Greek architecture is

When civilizations throughout the world no longer had to worry about competeing in order to survive, in its literal sense, the desire for the 'good life' was established among cultures. Architecture, by definition, is the art and science of design and construction; the study and representation of statics. To the ignorant, architecture may seem to be the "thoughtless design of buildings", but it can actually be seen as a microcosm of society. Architecture Aldo van Eyck would hate t

Background Two years ago, students from my middle school s gifted program had the opportunity to visit Wexner Center for the Arts exhibition on contemporary architecture concentrating on human habitats. Students, after viewing the various exhibits and learning about the architects in docent-led discussions, participated in an activity in which they assumed roles as architects and general contractors in order to create their own habitats. Reluctant at first, they completed their tasks and th

The Elizabethan Age was an innovative and unique period in history. In this period architecture was more than a profession, it was an art, and an influence on the people. Architects in this period made historical differences, the styles of architecture transitioned greatness, and the homes created an individual standing. Elizabethan architecture was an influential "trend" in which the "competition" for social division began, and architects attempted to replicate Italian Rena

PREFACE I have always wondered what being in the landscaping business would be like. I thought that landscaping demanded labor mostly. I am writing this research paper to learn more about this job. INTRODUCTION Everyone enjoys attractively designed residential areas, public parks and playgrounds, college campuses, shopping centers, golf courses, parkways, and industrial parks. Landscape architects design these areas so that they are not only functional but beautiful and compatible wi

I've been down to the Mission of San Xavier del Bac on numerous occasions and never really look at it as I did for this paper. Understanding how it was built back in the late 1700's by raw brute strength and manpower. Just trying to visualize people working in harsh conditions in the unmerciful desert sun to complete this magnificent structure, that sits glistening in the Arizona sun. The combination of structural splendor, a setting of saguaro-studded desert surrounded by mountains a

Herzog and de Meuron work together as architect partners. Their designs for most of their buildings have a common or similar nature. This nature carries out the simplicity of the shape of a box, which consists of a flat roof and large windows. This design gives the characteristics of Herzog and de Meuron s buildings. In other words, we can say that this is their buildings identity. Indeed, this design is very similar to Frank Lloyd Wright s design, which also shows today s modern style of

Frank Lloyd Wright: The Pioneer of creating Greatness Through Simplicity These ideas proposed by Wright represent a half-century of ingenuity and unrivaled creativity. Wright was unquestionably an architectural genius and was years ahead of his time. The biggest obstacle which held Wright back throughout his career was the lack of technology that was present during his time. As an architect, Wright accomplished more than any other in history, with the possible exception of DaVincci or

The Italian painter, sculptor and architect Michaelangelo was brought to Florence right after birth and grew up in the care of a stonecutter's wife. With 13 he became an apprentice to the Ghirlandajor and later was taken into the Medici household. In 1501, he returned to Florence from Rome and received a lot of recognition. During this time he completed "David", a monumental, classicizing, heroic nude in which the body's magnificent structure of bone and muscle is combined with alert,

Frank Lloyd Wright's Genius These ideas proposed by Wright represent a half century of ingenuity and unrivaled creativity. Wright was unquestionably a architectural genius and was years ahead of his time. The biggest obstacle which held Wright back throughout his career was the lack of technogaly that was present during his time. As a architect, Wright accomplished more that any other in history, with the possible exception of DaVincci or Michangelo. His philosophy of Organic Ar

When one talks or thinks of architecture, or the architects, there is a great gender gap, and due to these gaps, some women do not acquire the acknowledgement that is rightfully theirs. As one of the finest architects, designers, and artist of the 20th century, Eileen Gray was and still has not been given any attention as a serious designer/architect, unlike her counter parts, Le Corbusier, De Stijl, Mies van der Rohe, or Frank Lloyd Wright. Eileen Gray spent most of her designing life in

Art is something which can be analyzed to give deeper insight as to the common values and beliefs shared by the members of a certain society. Regardless of the place of origin or the time period of a form of art, it will always be a reflection of the social structure in which it's creator/s lived. However, the way the artist perceives the culture common to his time period is very relative. People pertaining to a higher social class had different values and ideologies than members of a

Frank Lloyd Wright: The Pioneer of creating Greatness Through Simplicity These ideas proposed by Wright represent a half century of ingenuity and unrivaled creativity. Wright was unquestionably a architectural genius and was years ahead of his time. The biggest obstacle which held Wright back throughout his career was the lack of technogaly that was present during his time. As a architect, Wright accomplished more that any other in history, with the possible exception o

I. Introduction (A)Problem Statement- The problem consists of designing and simulating the behavior of an actual Ethernet card of IEEE 802.3 standard,using Structural and Behavioral design methods. The Ethernet card and its mechanisms are to perform various tasks specific to those criteria given. The purpose of the card and it s mechanisms are to detect packet arrival, ignore line noise, discard corrupted packets, and detect TCP/IP protocol under the given criteria. (B).Overview - A general,

Justinian Justinian I had a very significant role in world history. Justinian was a great architect. Justinian was born a barbarian, born of Slavic parents in Illyia. Historians don t know much of his early years except that his uncle adopted him. His uncle was Justin I, the emperor of Constantinople. Then in 527 A.D., Justin made Justinian a co-ruler. Four months later, when Justin died, Justinian became the sole emperor. This was the beginning of Justinian s rule which lasted from 527 A.D.

Benjamin H. Latrobe was born in 1764 in Fulneck, England. He was raised in England. As a young man Latrobe was taught at the Morvian school in Fulneck. This was where Latrobe received a base for his further education. After Morvian, he transferred to Nieski school in Germany. There he received an impressive education. Which was composed of a broad curriculum. He was taught in all the liberal arts and also classical and modern languages. Latrobe started his career training under England

When I graduate I want to get into landscaping. I would like to study landscape archtecture. A landscape architect is an individual who arranges and modifies the effects of natural scenery over an area of land. Landscape architecture is an ability to create a difference between a home's architecture - and its surroundings. When creatively designed landscape and hardscape improve and draw attention to the building. This makes for the perfect compliments to a home. Landscape architecture is th

A landscape architect is an individual who arranges and modifies the effects of natural scenery over a tract of land so as to produce the best aesthetic effect for the land use. Landscape architecture is the design profession which applies artistic, cultural, and scientific knowledge to the design, planning, and development of the land. Landscape architects accept certain responsibilities related to the health and welfare of the public and are concerned with resource conservation of

Arabic and Islamic Architecture The Suleymaniye Mosque: Beyond Inspiration The Hagia Sophia church and the Suleymaniye mosque: a thousand years apart but tied together eternally. One representing the achievement of the Christian-Byzantine empire and the other representing the ability of the Islamic-Ottoman empire and its architect Sinan. Two empires that had very little in common other than their architecture and region. In earlier history the Dome of the Rock represented the Is

The Coliseum Architecture of the ancient Roman Empire is considered one of the most impressive of all time. The city of Rome once was home to more than one million residents in the early centuries. The Romans had a fine selection of building monuments in the city of Rome including the forums for civic services, temples of worship, and amphitheaters for recreation and play. The Romans made great use and pioneered great architecture mechanisms including arches, columns, and even mechanical elem

It was a cool spring day with a light soothing breeze, flowers were blooming, the grass as green as it could be. The light glistened off the mesmerizing surroundings, and the babbling brook whispers in the distance. This is what Frank Lloyd Wright would think about every time he was faced with a new project. His love for nature is so profound and strong he says, “ I believe in god, only I spell it nature” (quotations 1). Wright works with his bond with nature and gives i

The Chicago School marks the beginning of a new development in architecture. Based on the earlier Victorian models, from about 1885 great commercial structures are built with new designs and new construction techniques. During these later years Richardson produced the buildings upon which his reputation principally rests. He designed houses, community libraries, suburban railroad stations, educational buildings, and commercial and civic structures. Instead of the splintered massing, nar

The Gothic Style The term Gothic style in architecture has taken many forms. The term Gothic originated in France. It is best known through the Gothic cathedral. Through engineering, intellect and spirituality these cathedrals perfectly express the medieval mind. This style was widespread throughout Europe. Unlike other arts, this style was not uniform in nature nor was it uniform in date. This style has three main chararistics that make it its own unique style, known as Gothic. Firs

The Roman Colosseum The Roman Colosseum, now called the Flavian Ampitheater, was built between the years 72 AD-80 AD. When the Colosseum was finished in 80 AD there was a huge celebration. There were many games and sports played that sacrificed many wild animals and men. The shows were very disgusting. They would have animal hunts in which the gladiators would try and kill the animals. Animals would be set to fight against each other. The stage manager would make hills, forests, and eve

The Classical World made many contributions to the development of science, literature, and ethics. These contributions have influenced the modern world today. Many mathematicians, astronomers, and scientists contributed to the development of many of the luxuries we enjoy today. Homer, author of The Iliad and The Odyssey, made contributions to the field of literature through his writing. In the field of ethics, many philosophers from the Classical World contributed to the standards, va

When talking about the basic type of Egyptian temple, it is all about heavy columns, walls, pylons, big courts, and the use of axis, symmetrically and made of stones or mud bricks. The organization of the plan of Egyptian temple is rectangular, symmetrical and set on the longitudinal axis approaching through courts and halls. From the rear to the entrance of the temple, each court is being bigger than the former one. Moreover, the temple mostly emphasizes the viewer with the design of its f

Egyptian Pyramids When most people think of Ancient Egypt they think of Pyramids. To construct such great monuments required a mastery of architecture, social organization, and art that few cultures of that period could achieve. The oldest pyramid, the Step-Pyramids, grow out of the abilities of two men, King Djoser and Imhotep. Djoser, the second king of 3rd dynasty, was the first king to have hired an architect, Imhotep, to design a tomb (Time-Life Books, 74). Imhotep was known as t

Franklin Lloyd Wright Phil Dahm Considered the most influential architect of his time, Frank Lloyd Wright designed about 1,000 structures, some 400 of which were built. He described his "organic architecture" as one that "proceeds, persists, creates, according to the nature of man and his circumstances as they both change." As a pioneer whose ideas were well ahead of his time, Wright had to fight for acceptance of every new design Frank Lloyd Wright w

Ancient Egyptian Religion as Seen in Art and Architecture As the hot Egyptian sun beats down upon his head, the archeologist realizes his time is drawing to a close. The local government had allotted a period of two weeks for the expedition to take place, and the thirteenth day is now in its peak. The search for the tomb of the great king Menes has, thus far, been a complete failure. The archeologist begins to feel a bit queasy, realizing his sudden failure; however, a cavalcade of shouts

Spoken, Washington - historyLong before European settlement, the Spokane Indian tribe populated what is now Spokane County. Spokane is an Indian word for "Children of the Sun."The first whites to move into the area were fur traders and missionaries. Then the 1850s brought an expansive growth of settlers engaged in agriculture. In 1873, James N. Glover purchased a plot of land near Spokane Falls to create a new town. That land is now most of Spokane's downtown business district. Glover is

Urban problems are pollution, (air, water, soil) rapid population growth, growing poverty, political impact of problems and unequal distribution of wealth. Some cities are trying to get rid of these problems by doing projects. Lima, Peru for example, has a self-help housing co-op where people were given a desert area to live on. They slowly developed roads, water, electricity, homes, trees, and gardens. This project provided homes for over 20000 poor people. Denmark also has co-housing pr

There were two main styles of architecture in the middle ages. Gothic style architecture included big churches called cathedrals. Cathedrals had tall skyscraper-like towers. They made them that way to get people to look up in the sky and think of God. Gothic architecture involved lots of big windows of stained glass. The Gothic style was developed fully in France and England during the 12th century. By the 13th century, Gothic style spread to Germany. A real and true Gothic cathedral is t

Henry Hobson Richardson, Architect; born in Priestley Plantation, La. He graduated from Harvard (1859) and studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris. He returned to open his practice in New York in 1866, in an early partnership (1867--78) with Charles Dexter Gambrill, designing chiefly churches. After employment in Paris, he began practice (1866) in New York City but moved to Brookline, Mass., in 1874. Trinity Church in Boston (1872-77) was his first monumental work; its French Romanesque des

History of Taliesin West Do you have a living room in your house? A carport? Does your house have an "open" floor plan? If so, then the way you live is being directly influenced by Frank Lloyd Wright's innovations in residential architecture (Copplestone 1). Frank Lloyd Wright was born in 1867 in southwestern Wisconsin of talented and dynamic parents; his father a preacher and musician, his mother a teacher. From his father, Wright learned how the order and structure of music had in

ANCIENT ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN IN UAE The geografical location of the UAE , helped in the easy transportation of craftsmen from neighbour countries especially Iran, India and Pakistan. They were professionals in building mosques, malls,neighbourhoods and palaces. We can see from the clear prints they’ve left in Dubai, Sharjah and some other contries in the UAE. The craftsmen used vases and plenty of plant patterns in their buildings , and till now there are several plant ornament

Frank Lloyd Wright was arguably one of the best architects of the 19th and 20th centuries. His works ranged from traditional buildings typical to the late 1800’s to ultramodern designs (Official Site 1). He had a great knowledge of the land and his buildings were practical in terms of their surroundings. Wright’s appreciation and love for nature was a key characteristic, and a strong influence in his architecture. Frank Lloyd Wright was born in 1867 in Richland Center, Wis

The Crystal Palace During the 1800’s Great Britain’s empire stretched around the world, and with raw materials easily available to them this way, they inevitably began refining and manufacturing all stages of many new machines and other goods, distributing locally and globally. However, despite being the central ‘workshop of the world,’ Britain was not producing the highest quality of merchandise. When comparing factory-made products made in England to surrounding countries, mo

When an artist displays a work of art in a public place such as Battery Park City, he or she must take into consideration the degree of interaction that may take place between the public and their work of art. When I spoke with the artist of The Upper Room, Ned Smyth, he explained his intention of the publics’ interaction with his sculpture was to be both physical and emotional. In this paper, I will discuss the different issues that have made his intent a success. First, I will a

What were the achievements of Renaissance architecture? The era known to us as the Renaissance began approximately around the beginning of the fifteenth century, in Florence. The philosophy behind the whole movement is one of rebirth or the re-establishing of ancient classical culture. Following the collapse of the Roman civilization much of Europe fell into decline, losing a great deal of information concerning that period. Therefore knowledge concerning the architecture of that age co

The Palace Of Versailles In order to understand the Palace at Versailles, one should be aware of the Architectural Analysis, the History of the Chateau, the Main Palace Buildings and Rooms, and the purpose of the Palace of Versailles. The Palace of Versailles is located at Versailles, France, and was built in 1631 in the order of Louis XIII. It has served as the royal palace and numerous other purposes. It now serves as a museum of French history. It has earned the name “Chateau&