Anthropology Essays & Term Papers

91 total

A Look at the Life of Karen Hesse As children, we all had magnificent dreams and aspirations. Whether they were to walk on the moon or to discover a new plant species, dreams were the things that kept us going; kept us striving towards obtaining what we wanted. For Karen Hesse, many dreams came and went throughout her life, but the idea of becoming a published author was always instilled in her mind. Karen Hesse was born August 29, 1952 and was raised in Baltimore, Maryland. Not much

Anthropology 1010: Assignment 1 The Asmat, Headhunters, people are located in New Guinea’s West Iran. These people actually cut off people heads and eat their brains and wear their jaws as a necklace. People’s brains are not their main source of food. The major food of these people is the starch of the sago palm that they roast. The sago palm is found deep into the swamps. You take an ax and split the palm in to two pieces. The food inside is called sago grub. The sago grub

Anthropology 166 Role of Myth in Religion Industrial society has no body of shared beliefs, no common mythology. Its members hold onto a collection of disconnected beliefs and are vaguely familiar with fragments of many myths. The advantage that some new religions have in this situation is that they possess powerful connected mythologies that have ancient experiences. The mythologies of new religious movements are created out of numerous disconnected myths found in society generally

Social Aspects of Envy As all emotions, envy is socially constructed. Individual interaction, class variation and social institutions like schools, family, religion, and politics define envy for us. Envy is dependent on the beliefs about wealth, status, power, and how they ought to be distributed. In less complex societies envious objects are food, babies, and health; but in more complex societies they are wealth, status, and power. Envy, which is often mislabeled as jealousy, is hostilit

For almost three decades, Michael Crichton has written novels that appeal to his reader=s imagination and take a firm hold of their pocketbooks. Crichton=s writing stands out as much as his 6=9@ frame. He has become one of the most widely read and bought science fiction authors of the past three decades. From his first novel The Andromeda Strain, which he published while in medical school, to his most recent Airframe, Crichton has captivated his readers and left them craving more. Wha

Outcasts The Scarlet Letter, written by Nathaniel Hawthorne, was a book of many meanings. The novel paralleled to Hawthorne’s life, particularly his childhood. He used The Scarlet Letter as a physiological vent. Hawthorne’s life is greatly reflected throughout the novel. Hawthorne left traces of his home town’s atmosphere, his psychological well-being, his family life and his habits. Hawthorne lived a life of guilt in the puritan ages as did his main character, H

Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. was born November 11, 1922, in Indianapolis, Indiana, the son of, Kurt Vonnegut, Sr., a successful architect, and Edith Sophia Vonnegut. He had two older siblings, a brother Bernard, and a sister Alice. He attended Short ridge high school. This is where he first realized his talent for writing. He was the editor of the school newspaper. Kurt graduated in 1940, and after high school, attended Cornell University and studied bio-chemistry, and was also a columnist a

Question: What is the value of making cross-cultural comparisons? (Miller, Pg#11: 1999) Cultural anthropology encompasses all aspects of human beliefs, behaviors and ideas. What would the world be like without any knowledge of other cultures? Anthropologists study different cultures to be more understanding and accepting, more appreciative and to enrich our own culture. What is the "real" problem with the Ku Klux Klan? Perhaps, if they took the time to understand the African-Americ

Capital of the country, Mexico City has been described as the "biggest" city in the world. In reality, with over 20 million population and an area covering approximately 600 square miles it is probably one of the most densely populated. Regardless, Mexico City is truly one of the great capitals of the world. Its origin goes back to around the year 1325 when a nomad tribe of warriors called Aztecas, whose chieftain Tenoch followed the instructions of Huitzilopochtli - their tribal d

An interpretation of Class Relations in Pygmalion by, Bernard Shaw In Bernard Shaw’s Pygmalion, there is a distinct variance in class relations and the way that early 20th century Britains were perceived as being different by their speech, money, wealth, style, manners, and appearance. Being a lady or a gentleman was an acquired status desirable among most of London’s society. However, in Pygmalion, Shaw tells a story about the transition of a homeless young woman with the

An estimated 8,000 students rallied outside the Indonesian parliament in what was the largest protest against president B.J. Habibie since he took office in May after demonstrations and social unrest forced former president Suharto to step down. Jean Chretien invited the President of Indonesia to attend the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum which is the primary regional vehicle for promoting open trade and practical economic cooperation. In a letter of Oct. 3, 1997, Chretien told Suha

Maids and madams is a movie which describes how black people are treated in certain cultures such as South Africa. Blacks are considered there as slaves and the movie succeeded in illustrating how harsh lives these people have. Actually, the blacks there are working as maids in the whites’ houses, and this of course caused many difficulties for their families. Moreover, this situation made the blacks have no rights at all in this society because they are slaves and slaves must not opp

The Archetypal Myth in Turn of The Screw In one surface reading of Henry James’s Turn of the Screw, the governess appears to be a victim of circumstance. Some critics however, say that she is not without blame in the turn of events that characterizes the story. They claim that leading to her demise are certain character flaws, such as envy and pride. In categorizing her character as such, this novella resonates several themes found throughout literature. In Northrop Frye’s

The Value of Suffering in Kamala Markandaya's Nectar in a Sieve Shoshana M. Landow '91 (Anthropology 302, Princeton University, 1989) Kamala Markandaya's Nectar in a Sieve portrays its positive woman characters as ideal sufferers and nurturers. "[T]he cause of her suffering springs mainly from poverty and natural calamity. The women are from the rural sections of society. They are the daughters of the soil and have inherited age-old traditions which they do not question. Their coura

Wolf, Margery 1968 The House of Lim. Englewood Cliffs. Prentice Hall Reviewed by: The House of Lim by Margery Wolf is a first hand account of the daily lives and family structure of a Chinese family living in Taiwan in the early 1960s. Margery Wolf, a wife of an anthropologist who specializes in Chinese studies, declares herself as not being an anthropologist but in the book she wanted to accomplish three things: to present a case study for the social scientist interested in the strains

When he was in high school, Donald Johanson was told by his guidance counselor to forget about going to college. The only son of a widowed immigrant mother who worked as a cleaning lady, Johanson had done so poorly on his SATs that the counselor did not believe he was capable of performing college-level work. Now, Dr. Donald C. Johanson is one of the world's leading and America's best known paleoanthropologists. (Ann Online) His dramatic discovery, in 1974, of LUCY our oldest, most c

A DISCUSSION AS TO HOW CARL JUNG CAME TO THE CONCLUSION THAT THERE EXISTED A COLLECTIVE A DISCUSSION AS TO HOW CARL JUNG CAME TO THE CONCLUSION THAT THERE EXISTED A COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS, AS WELL AS HIS INFLUENCES 4 pages FOR REFERENCE USE ONLY Sigmund Freud was Carl Jung’s greatest influence. Although he came to part company with Freud in later years, Freud had a distinct and profound influence on Carl Jung. Carl Jung is said to have been a magnetic individual who drew many othe

In this essay I will look at whether the inequality between men and women is a human universal, or whether there are or have been societies in which women shared power equally with men, or even exercised power over them. In order to do so, I will look at the writings of a number of anthropologists. In "The Subordinance of Women: A Problematic Universal", author Ruth Bleier indicates that a central premise in the biological explanations inequality between women and men in present-day

Zora Neale Hurston Zora Neale Hurston was a phenomenal woman. At the height of her success she was known as the Queen of the Harlem Renaissance. She came to overcome obstacles that were placed in front of her. Hurston rose from poverty to fame and lost it all at the time of her death. Zora had an unusual life; she was a child that was forced to grow up to fast. But despite Zora Neale Hurston s unsettled life, she managed to surmount every obstacle to become one of the most profound auth

Ishi was the last surviving member of the Yahi, a subdivision of the Yand Indian tribe of northern California. Living in virtual isolation from white society, he and a small group of fellow Yahi pursued their traditional way of life well into the 20th century. In 1911, after the last of his kinspeople had died, Ishi came to live in the University of California anthropology museum in San Francisco. There, he worked with linguists and anthropologists to preserve a record of Yahi language an

Our world today has many different kinds of tools. I realized this when I was walking through The Home Depot a few weeks ago. On one isle are nails, and screws, the next isle there are power drills to go along with power saws and power sanders. Now imagine the world with no tools, no nails or screws. It would be pretty difficult to do most anything. We would have no houses to live in, no cars to travel to work in, and we would have no place of employment in which to work. Without tools

Anthropologist Marvin Harris in known for his strong conviction based on cultural materialism. He writes widely and is famous for his books, which appeal to the popular masses. His fundamental belief is that the means of production and reproduction cause other aspects of culture such as organization or art. He goes through a causal chain which can all be relate to the urges to eat and reproduce. Although this is a highly simplified way to describe his theory of cultural materialism most of his

A MYTHICAL ANALYSIS OF A YAQUI WAY OF KNOWLEDGE 4-11-95 In the summer of 1960, Carlos Casteneda, a UCLA anthropology student traveled to the

With the end of colonialism and the emergence of a seemingly new world order, there raised a demand that research be useful and relevant, indicating that knowledge for its own sake was insufficient. As a result of this, what emerged was a new focus on 'development' and 'modernization' in the form of postmodernism. In these changing times, anthropology has come into contact with a variety of evolving concepts, including hybridity, montage, fluidity, and deconstruction. The question remai

On Sunday June 21 Michael Schwemer, James Chaney and Andrew Goodman stood in the ruble of what was going to be their first freedom school. The church they had organized it at had just recently allowed it. They had a great fear that something like this could take place. Now their church was nothing, but a pile of ruble Several church members where beaten by Klansmen and the 3 men where now in danger. The men who burned down the church were now looking for Schwerner. Schwerner 24 and a

Every culture known to history and anthropology has seen in the heavens distinctive patterns, called constellations, and formed by the stars. Constellations are usually comprised of bright stars that appear close to each other. Oriental cultures (the ancient Chinese, for example) formed intricate patterns from some of the faintest stars, creating hundreds of constellations where the West saw only a few. A few constellations, such as Orion, the hunter, and the Great bear represent the same imag

HOW TOOLS TRANSFORMED PROTO-HUMANS INTO MODERN HUMANS According to archeological and physical record, tool use has had an enormous effect in the transformation of proto humans into modern humans. What stimulated tool use was the proto humans intrest in new and easier ways to do things. With the introduction of tools, body morphology changed and reproductive fitness increased. Evolution did not happened over night. It took 4.5 million years for humans to get where they are today.

HOW TOOLS TRANSFORMED PROTO-HUMANS INTO MODERN HUMANS According to archeological and physical record, tool use has had an enormous effect in the transformation of proto humans into modern humans. What stimulated tool use was the proto humans intrest in new and easier ways to do things. With the introduction of tools, body morphology changed and reproductive fitness increased. Evolution did not happened over night. It took 4.5 million years for humans to get where they are today. S

Dead Men Do Tell Tales In the book, Dead Men Do Tell Tales, by William R. Maples, Ph.D. and Michael Browning, a story is told in how the dead, no matter how dead, still “talk” to us. The book is appropriately titled because, according to Dr. Maples, truth is discoverable, truth wants to be discovered (2). Dr. Maples tells us of what it is like to be a Forensic Anthropologist. Dr. Maples does not hold anything back in any of his descriptions, from the smell of corpses to the

Several anthropological theories emerged during the early twentieth century. Arguably, the most important of these was Functionalism. Bronislaw Malinowski was a prominent anthropologist in Britain during that time and had great influence on the development of this theory. Malinowski suggested that individuals have certain physiological needs and that cultures develop to meet those needs. Malinowski saw those needs as being nutrition, reproduction, shelter, and protection from enemies. H

LUCY: APE OR HOMINID? CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1 THE EXPEDITIONS 1 THE INTERPRETIVE ANALYSIS 4 THE CONTROVERSIAL DEBATE 5 CONCLUSION 6 BIBLIOGRAPHY 7 INTRODUCTION Johanson and his research team discovered “Lucy”—a fossilized skeleton in the Dafar region of Ethiopia in 1974. New questions surfaced. Was Johanson the discoverer of the most profound evidence to affect the present-day theory of evolution? Alternatively, a fraud? Was Lucy the missing link? Many questions rem

Robert Edgerton is an anthropologist who performed many intense studies on different cultures, and examined their understandings of suicide and sexuality. From these examinations, Edgerton theorized interesting views on those topics. On suicide, he explored the motives of the act, and its link with deviance. His views on sexuality reflect the cultures of different societies around the world. Edgerton used his studies on society to develop real beliefs about suicide and sexuality in so

Ethnography in the City: Phillipe Bourgois and the Barrio Cities exist for many reasons and the diversity of urban form and function can be traced to the complex roles that cities perform. Cities serve as centers of storage, commerce, and industry. The agricultural surplus from the surrounding country hinterland is processed and distributed within the city. Urban areas have also developed around marketplaces, where imported goods from distant places could be exchanged for the local

Cultural Anthropology 10/06/2001 This experiment tested how posture affects the hand preference in tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). The research indicated that in fact there may exist a preference for use of the right-hand when in an upright posture standing bipedally. This preference, according to the study is exhibited in the capuchins when reaching bipedally. However the monkeys did not necessarily exhibit a preference when using tools to probe for a treat. In addition t

Study of Human Sexual Behavior Human sexual behavior is just one of the many things anthropologist study when it comes to humans. Humans are highly complex and social beings. We often wonder why we do the things we do. Why do some people cheat, while others stay monogamous? Behavior is not an easy thing to study because it is subject to change and is continuously changing. There is no clear-cut reason for human behaviors, unlike mammals, humans can reject or override genetics. We ar

Multiregionalism V. Out of Africa Anthropologists today are debating two sides to the story of the evolution of the modern human Homosapian sapian. The sides agree on two different theories called the Out of Africa theory and the Multiregional (or Candelabra) theory. The debate, which some may call a slanderous argument, is far from being resolved on either side. Both evolutionist sides have strong evidence, however, this evidence does have its flaws and is not accurate enough to pro

Phone Virachak is 37 years old and is a naturalized citizen who emigrated from Laos to the United States in1985. She came with her husband to America and their two children were born here. They came to the United States to escape the wars that have plagued Laos for centuries. Phone works as a housekeeper in a nursing home and her husband is a car salesman. She has made many friends in her new country and is affectionately called “Joy” by her friends. She earned this nickname becau

What is Humankind? Lisa Marinelli Anthro. 2 Anthropologists have continually attempted to distinguish humankind from its closest relatives-other primates. With so many things apparent in both human and animal life like language, society, and tools, humans are left pondering what separates them from apes and chimps. Through examining aspects of the lives of humans and primates, a rough answer to what is humankind? will be derived. Culture: Culture is the learned behavior and set of rul

7-11-97 University Park, Pa. -- A team of U.S. and German researchers has extracted mitochondrial DNA from Neandertal bone showing that the Neandertal DNA sequence falls outside the normal variation of modern humans. "These results indicate that Neandertals did not contribute mitochondrial DNA to modern humans," says Dr. Mark Stoneking, associate professor of anthropology at Penn State. "Neandertals are not our ancestors." The research also reaffirms the origins of modern humans in A

“Nowadays the concept of culture in anthropology and sociology is regarded as a fundamental element in the humanities.” (Chase, 1948: 59; cited in Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2007: The culture concept in anthropology) Today culture is one of the most discussed concepts all around the world. It has a crucial role in human relations. Its understanding is the kernel of the new multiculturalism policy of different countries around the globe. And in this understanding the social sciences has a ve

The term Homo erectus means the ‘upright man.’ These species were the early Stone Age hunters that were responsible for the colonization of new homes in Africa, Europe, and southern parts of Asia. They were bigger in size and were more intelligent than the Homo habilis or Australopithecus. These species had the thickest skull among all the human species. They had brawny muscles that connected the neck to the backside of the skull bump and disabled the heavy head from limping forwards. The a