Ancient Greek Essays & Term Papers

127 total

Odysseus and Aeneas are very alike in some ways and very different. They are both epic heroes except that one is Greek and the other is a Trojan. Odysseus is from the Greek tale The Oddessy, which was written by the famous Greek poet Homer. His quest is to find his way back home after a long journey. Aeneas is from the roman tale The Aenied, written by Virgil a famous Roman poet. Aeneas s mission is to find a new home for him and his family. Both these characters had many similarities and diff

Greek Values Through Antigone Antigone reflects the worldviews and cultural values of the Greeks through honor, fighting for her will and the right thing, and destiny. Antigone showed honor because she knew she had to bury Polyneices. She was fighting for what was right, because she knew it was right to bury her brother, Polyneices. Finally Antigone showed destiny because she knew her fate was to die for her brother. Antigone reflected the Greek values in three main ways. Throughout the

In the episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation entitled Darmok, which we saw in class this Friday, we saw what impact two cultures could make upon each other. The episode begins with the Enterprise coming out to greet a new race of people, the Tamarians, who are difficult to communicate with because their language has not been figured out. The crew of the Enterprises mission is to try to comunicate with the Tamarians and possibly get a treaty signed. The Episode Darmok shows us a ten

The Ultimate Revenge In ancient Greek times, it is alright if a man wants revenge on another man for hurting him or his loved ones. The man who causes the other man s misery is partially responsible for the another man s actions. In the play Medea, Medea kills Kroen s daughter and her children to get revenge on Jason for leaving her for Kroen s daughter. Because of the values of the Greek Society and Jason leaving Medea, Medea feels she needs revenge for the pain Jason has caused her. The Gr

Medea s Revenge The category of this reading is tragedy and tragic it is. There is no doubt that we are dealing with a life and death situation here. A few questions need to be answer from the moral standpoint. Can we defend Medea s actions in any way? I Jason free of blame? What is the moral of the story? Medea did not fit the mold of the typical Greek woman, a princess from the "barbarian", or non-Greek, land of Colchis. Throughout the play, it becomes evident to the reader that Medea is

Religion912 There are many different cultures and religions in this world. I was assigned to attend a different denomination church then my own. I attended St.Nick s liturgy. St.Nick s is a Greek Orthodox Church. When I went to this liturgy, it was their Easter celebration. This liturgy was a whole new thing to me. The first thing that was very strange was the time I went to the liturgy which was at 11:30p.m. There were so many people and it was so crowded that there

The thesis can be argued in one of two ways. The first being the Greek philosophy which states that, the only thing that can make a person happy is wisdom because wisdom allows a person to make the best decisions for himself. The neoplatonism argument states that, earthly things could never bring happiness because these things are transitory. Those that own transitory things would constantly fear loss ; as a result those who live in fear can never really be happy. One constant that seems to r

ALEXANDER THE GREAT Alexander the Great was a great military leader. He was very inspiring and listened to his troops. He followed in the footsteps of his father, King Phillip II, who taught Alexander a lot of what he knows. Alexander greatly increased the Macedonian empire with his military conquests. He was a great man who will not soon be forgotten by anybody. Alexander's ideals are very puzzling, you can look at it in two ways. First you can look at it like he believed in universa

A Review of Lysistrata Lysistrata, a play written by Aristophanes, was first performed in 411 B.C. It portrays an arousing comedy of a plan to end the war between Athens and Sparta as proposed by an Athenian woman, Lysistrata. To do this, she holds a meeting among the women of Greece in an effort to convince them that men will succumb to peace as a result of sexual frustration. The women agree, seizing the Acropolis to keep themselves separated from the men. Eventually, tension posse

TheaterStructure Where did we get the idea of the theatre? From the Greeks. The Greeks were one of the first civilizations to have a theatre. It was built into a steep mountainside, and the shape of it was curved like a semicircle. The stadium faced a stage that only male actors could perform on, because women were thought of as housewives, and not artistic actors. Playwrights There were two types of plays: a tragedy and a comedy. Sophicles, Euripides, and Aeschylus were three of the well

Greek and Christian Gods Throughout the ages religion has been a very important part of history. It shaped many cultures and allowed us to further understand numerous civilizations. Through art we have been able to interpret the beliefs, and value of each culture. Two of these cultures include the Christians and Greeks. Both which had many similarities and differences in their beliefs and their depiction of God/gods. The concepts of Christianity and the religious concepts of the Greek

Roman vs. Greek Civilization Although both Roman and Greek civilizations shared similarities in the areas of art and literature, their differences were many and prominent. Their contrasting aspects rest mainly upon political systems and engineering progress, but there are also several small discrepancies that distinguish between these two societies. This essay will examine these differences and explain why, ultimately, Rome was the more advanced civilization of the two. Greece, origi

The Irony of Being A Hero Heroes played many roles in Greek mythology, where several people were tried and admired in a variety of ways. The Greeks consider heroes as people who go on an extraordinary journey, completing an impossible task, and being courageous. According to the Webster’s Dictionary, the definition of a hero is a man who is admired for his achievements and qualities, but the definition varies in the perspective of different individuals. A hero to one person may be

Parallelism in Greek and Inuit Mythology The very early creation legends are difficult to trace to their original sources, since they were passed along by word of mouth from one generation to the next. There are many different legends about the origin of the earth, some similar to those told in other cultures. It is interesting that most of these legends can be tied together in one or more ways. The Greek and Inuit tribe versions of early existence are related in many ways. In both

When analyzing the Greek work the Iliad, Homer procures an idealistic hero with an internal conflict, which questions the values of his society and the Greek Heroic Code. The Greek Heroic Code includes respect, honor, and requirements to procure an exorbitant image. To be considered a Greek hero you must meet the perquisites and fulfill all of the aspects of the code. Achilleus was deemed a hero, he was the strongest and swiftest of the Achieans. Achilleus lived up to all of these aspects

The Doryphoros Description This stone sculpture is a naked human-like figure standing six feet tall. The body is in chiasmos stance with the left leg slightly bent and the left foot slightly behind the right. The head is turned slightly downward and to the right, and its size is approximately 1/6 of the body. The hair is cropped closely to the head with no part. The body has a defined musculature, however the forearms appear to be missing. There is an object behind and to the right of t

Women Portrayed in Homer’s The Odyssey Women were very important to the Greeks, and they showed this value in many ways. In The Odyssey Homer shows us the different ways women were looked upon through female characters, such as Penelope, Naussica, and Anticlia. With Penelope, a faithful and loving wife to Odysseus, Homer reveals to us how the Greeks believed wives should act. She was loyal to Odysseus the entire time he was away on his journey, and even when it appeared as if he h

Parallelism in Greek and Inuit Mythology The very early creation legends are difficult to trace to their original sources, since they were passed along by word of mouth from one generation to the next. There are many different legends about the origin of the earth, some similar to those told in other cultures. It is interesting that most of these legends can be tied together in one or more ways. The Greek and Inuit tribe versions of early existence are related in many ways. In both interp

Greek Hero’s and Their Society The Greek heroes served society by demonstrating the morals and values of the Greek Gods in humanistic terms. All Greek heroes had similar characteristics and qualities. These qualities are an essential part of the hero’s make-up. Without them, the hero would not be able to overcome the challenges that life presented him. Along with specific qualities, Gods always played an important role in the creation of heroes. In fact, many of the hero’s fath

Homer, The Greek poet. Who was he? Where did he live? Did he actually exist? Is he really one peorson or many who are recognised as one? When where the peoms he wrote composed? These are among the many questions I will do my best to answer in this report. Keep in mind that these are only ideas based on research, of which was based on asumption and hypothesis. So, It may be true but it may be another of the misunderstandings the world has on homer and the poems he composed. Homer, a

Community service projects, local charity fundraising and leadership, these are just a few of the positive ways sororities and fraternities (greeks) contribute to local society. How is it that only the negative stereotypes are more widely known throughout most college campuses? Although the preconceived notions about greeks are that hey all lie, cheat, drink, party all night, get into trouble, don t offer anything positive to society and most of all pay money to buy their friends. Yes, some

Golden Age Greek Criticism of Henry Moore’s Reclining Woman Both the shape and body of the Reclining Woman sculpture totally tear down our standards as Golden Age Greeks. Not at all can I make out whom this sculptor is representing. Sure I can make out the basic female figure. However the head is way too small in proportion the rest of the body. Maybe Henry Moore has not yet finished this piece. Did he make a mistake in the development of the chest area? This could be the case. If st

Greek Orthodox Church I have decided to visit a Greek Orthodox Church, Saint Constantine and Helen Greek Orthodox church. I went alone because I figured that this would not draw too much attention during the service. I tried to find a near by church that will give the service partially in English. When I found one near me it was my luck that I went at the time when it was all spoken in Greek. The English service was at six in the evening, and the all-Greek service started at ten in t

The Egyptian, Hebrew and Greek Civilizations were all very significant early civilizations.While they all shared the essential characteristics of a civilization, rules/laws, system for foodstorage and Religious beliefs or system, they also differed in certain aspects of their civilization. The Egyptians, were one of the earliest civilizations to arise. This civilization arose out of theneed to regulate the food and water supply. This need for regulation was due to the flooding of the Nile. Th

Medea:Looking for Revenge Medea, a play by the Greek playwright Euripides, explores the Greek-barbarian dichotomy through the character of Medea, a princess from the "barbarian", or non-Greek, land of Colchis. Throughout the play, it becomes evident to the reader that Medea is no ordinary woman by Greek standards. Central to the whole plot is Medea s barbarian origins and how they are related to her actions. In this paper, I am attempting to answer questions such as how Medea b

Greek history started in the prehistoric period. Since there was no written language back then little is known about the lives of these people. The names of the subdivisions of this period are derived from their technology. The Neolithic Age stone, Bronze Age, and the Iron Age. Two different cultures existed during these periods; the Minoans and the Mycenaeans. The Minoans, names after their mythical king Minos lived on the island of Crete from 3000 to 1400 BC. They were a wealthy

The Greek civilization was the first European civilization. At this point in time religion is not prevalent or influential. The European religion was borrowed from the Middle East. There are two main contributions from the Greek civilization. They were politics and secular. Polis the Greek word for city state is where politics came from. They had modern politics with the first democracy. It was divided into city-states that rule themselves in a democratic fashion. With this they have t

alexander the great essay Alexander the Great is one of the very few generals in history who never lost. His unbroken success is all the more amazing because the circumstances he faced varied widely and he often exposed himself recklessly in battle. Alexander won his first victory when he was just 16 against hill tribes on the borders of Macedonia. When he ascended the throne of Macedonia, located just north of Greece, the hill tribes and the Greek city of Thebes rebelled against his

The great poet and philosopher Aristotle was a highly intellectual man who loved to reason. One of his ideas was his structured analysis of the quintessential tragic hero of Greek drama. In his work Poetics he defines a tragic hero as ...The man who on the one hand is not pre-eminent in virtue and justice, and yet on the other hand does not fall into misfortune through vice or depravity, but falls because of some mistake; one among the number of the highly renowned and prosperous. Arist

Ideal of Perfection Throughout history the Greeks have been know to be excellent in almost every aspect of life. Aristocracy was a major part in the structure of Greek culture and males were the complete rulers of the Greek cities. The Greek s set up a social structure where the males would be gauged by the Greek ideal of perfection. If a male was to follow these ideals he was honored and worshiped by the women and the lower classes of the towns but there were many necessities that one had

The Greek Hero vs. The Anglo-Saxon Hero The hero stands as an archetype of who we should be and who we wish to be. However, the hero has inherent flaws which we do not wish to strive towards. In literature, these flaws are not used as examples of what we should be but rather as examples of what not to be. This is especially dominant in the Greek hero. While the Greek hero follows his fate, making serious mistakes and having a fairly simple life, the Anglo-Saxon "super" hero

Beginning my endeavors into Greek v/s Roman art I thought, “what’s the difference?” It didn’t take long to see just what the differences were. The fundamental values of Western Civilization: humanism, individualism and human dignity were inherited from Greece. One of the most important characteristics of Roman civilization were its abilities to gather alien influences and to put them all into one unified culture. True one of the most determining influences was

, Is it necessary in Greek Organizations? Initiation is a learning process that can make a better person mentally. There is no need to beat in order to teach. Some say initiate have to teach themselves in order to taught. If the initiate is not teaching themselves, then positive reenforcement can take place rather than hazing. A Greek Organization sole purpose is to train the mind for what may lie ahead the road of life. Many Greek members will say that the initiate will appreciate t

1. Write a brief history of drama from its beginnings to the twentieth century. Drama is defined by Aristotle as “a criticism of life, on a stage, with action, characters and dialogue.” The Greek word for “deed” or “action” is dram. In traditional Greek drama, the chorus is also considered as a character in the development of the plot. The chorus moves the action of the play along and sometimes acts as a commentator on the decisions made by the chara

Changes to Greece Brought About By WWI. World War One greatly affected many countries in Europe. Some of the post-war affects were the country s population, economy, politics, and geography. Usually, when wars come to end, there are winners and losers. One party celebrates its victory while the other tries to overcome its defeat. Sometimes the victors see their enemies weak period as an opportunity to take back their rightful share. In the early nineteen hundred s Greece was playing with the

The Greek International System The Greeks settled around the Greek peninsula and the islands in the Aegean Sea. They also went to areas located in India. Through the International system, city-states are formed sovereign within themselves. With the Greeks, there was a conglomeration of city-states that had external pressures by the Persians. The Persians were trying to overcome the territory of the Ionian Islands, Thrace and Macedon. With the Greek structure, they formed a military allia

Periodic Element number eight on the modern periodic table of elements is known as Oxygen, and an atomic mass of 15.9994, while its most common oxidation number is -2. The melting point of oxygen is -218.4 degrees Celsius and the boiling point is -183 degrees Celsius. The origin of the name is Greek in nature. The Greek words oxus (acid) and gennan (generate) are combined to form the word Oxygen, a gas that's electronegitivity is 3.44. The symbol for oxygen is just "O," which is in group/c

Mythology Every race of humans and most cultures believed in a myth or type of myth at one time. Sometimes a myth can be something small like a teacher who’s said to be an alien. Yet some are quite big and still believed in today like the loch ness monster. Myths have been around since the beginning of time and will be there to the end. All of us no one, and we’ve all told one. Probably the biggest myth of all that was believed in by two different cultures was that of Greek

Achilles Achilles was the best fighter of the Greeks besieging Troy in the Trojan War. When Odysseus journeyed to the Underworld to seek the advice of the dead prophet Teiresias, he encountered the shade of Achilles. Achilles had killed the Trojan hero Hector, in single combat and was eventually killed by Hector's brother Paris. Paris didn't actually kill Achilles, it was mainly Apollo. Paris shot an arrow and Apollo guided it to Achilles' one weak spot, his heel. Ach

The Trojan War Homer was the god who wrote three famous poems, the Illiad, the Oddessy, and the Beowulf. The Illiad was the story of the Trojan war. Here's how the trojan war went. Helen, Clytemnestra's sister, was married to Menelaus. A while later, Menelaus went hunting, and Paris from Troy came and took Helen away. Agamemnon heard the news and was furious. So, he got together troops and set off to Troy to get Helen back. But, they couldn't sail out of the bay..the wind

Achilles: The Super Yuppie In the beginning of Homer s The Iliad, Achilles is arguing with Agamemnon over a girl. Since Achilles does not get what he wants, he decides to leave the battle that they are in. However, this is no small battle, this is the Trojan War. Achilles action shapes the outcome of the battle, for the next fifteen or so books, with the Greeks losing. One can conclude, after reading The Iliad that Achilles is so self-centered that he kills in battle for glory, not hon

Achilles is obviously moved by the relentless attacks on the Greeks by the Trojans. After all, the Greek soldiers are his friends. His ?beef? is with Agamemnon, not the soldiers. In order to deceive the Trojans into believing Achilles has returned to battle, Patroclus offers to put on Achilles? armor and fight in his stead. Patroclus is obviously frustrated by his friend?s exhausting grudge. Before Achilles agrees to this, he goes off on a tirade about losing his plunder and the injusti

Reminiscent of a Beast or God Aristotle said, The man who is incapable of working in common, or who is his self-sufficiency has no need of others, is no part of the community, like a beast or god. Merriam-Webster s dictionary defines self-sufficiency as: able to maintain oneself or itself without outside aid: capable of providing for one's own needs. In Homer s, The Iliad, Achilles was not only the main character, but also the figure that best describes the characteristics of man as defin

Who is more heroic, Odysseus or Achilles? In Webster's Dictionary, a hero is defined as a person noted for courageous acts or nobility of purpose, especially if this individual has risked or sacrificed his life. It can also be used in reference to a mythological or legendary figure, often of divine ancestry, who is favored by the gods, endowed with great courage and strength, and celebrated for his bold exploits. War or dangerous adventure is the hero's normal occupation. In my opinion, Od

I have chosen Achilles to write my paper on because his character is the central story line in the Iliad. Although it may seem that the main theme is about the totality and gruesomeness of when the poem is first read, this is not the main focus. The actual fighting and Trojan War could be compared to “Saving Private Ryan.” We get raw details of the war without missing any of the descriptive details. Achilles is the character I was most interested in because he was an extraor

I think the reason that Achilles allows Patroklos to fight is because Achilles knows that the Greeks need all the help they can get. The Trojans are very near to their ships and without some great miracle, the Greeks will be defeated. When Patroklos comes to Achilles with the idea of going out in his armor and fighting to try to muster the Greek troops and frighten the Trojans, Achilles is taken in by his dear friend’s plea. Achilles gives in because he knows how much this opportu

Two of the main characters in Homer s The Iliad, Achilles and Hector, compare very differently in many ways. Although they were both war heroes, they came from different sides of the battle and fought each other under different beliefs. These two brave warriors fought to the death in Book 22, where Hector eventually lost to Achilles. Even though Hector lost the fight, the war still raged on, even less merciful than before. These two warriors were similar in a few ways, but mostly very diff

The Iliad may be seen as an account of the circumstances that irrevocably alter the life of one man: Achilles, one of the greatest warriors. Throughout the course of the poem Achilles goes through many ordeals that change his character immensely. Starting with his quarrel with Agamemnon and withdrawal from battle, to the death of Patroklos, and with the slaying of Hektor. Achilles emotions and actions decide the fate of many warriors on both sides. Achilles struggles with anger, honor, pride,

In ancient Greek times heroism was much different than it is now. Today, all you have to do to become a hero most of the time is rich, after you do this the media will take it from there. But in the time of the Trojans it took much more, thing's that Achilles thankfully, was very good at or things he thought was important. Achilles was not only a hero physically, but was more importantly, a hero for the Achian army's morale, also his chivalric properties were important with his being a

Two of the main characters in the Iliad are Achilles and Hector. Other than being great warriors, they have little in common. There are fundamental differences in their character. Hector, a great leader and family man is a protector of the people. Achilles, on the other hand is self-centered warrior, his motivation for fighting is for glory and remembrance. One of the glaring differences between the two men is their motive for battle. Achilles makes a decision to go to war because the god