Truth: Absolute Understanding Term Paper

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Absolute Understanding

[This essay was my first in Philosophy 201. I have another that is similar but different

which I wrote at the end of the term. Read both.]

Absolute Understanding

An elephant was brought to a group of blind men who had never

encountered such an animal before. One felt a leg and reported that an

elephant is a great living pillar. Another felt the trunk and reported that an

elephant is a great snake. Another felt a tusk and reported that an elephant

is like a sharp ploughshare. And so on. And then they all quarreled

together, each claiming that his own account was the truth and therefore

all the others false (traditional parable).

None of the accounts that the blind men made about the nature of the elephant are

absolute truths, nor are the accounts false. An absolute truth, or one that is true for all,

can not be achieved because of the constant motion of circumstances of who said it,


whom, when, where, why, and how it was said. Instead of absolute truths, the


or beliefs that the blind men claim are viewpoints that each one clarifies the nature of



Everybody has learned to see things from his or her own sense of reason and logic.


many things that people experience throughout their lifetimes, help to determine the

judgments toward the different issues and objects that they encounter. Because


has his or her own sense of reason and logic, the perceptions that people encounter


ultimately true, and not false. Life does not contain one truth for any idea or object, but

truths can be found in one's perception. It is difficult to determine that anything is the

absolute truth. One should not prove that any object contains a true meaning, but


develop conceptions surrounding the object.

Attempting to prove anything then would be difficult, if not impossible. Our senses


smell to values to reality may differ from person to person. What may be true to one


may be different for another. Because everybody has different perceptions about life,

it is

difficult to weigh the content of any concept. Every account, of its own, is formed to be

the truth of the one individual who assumes it. The variety of concepts may have the

virtue of being considered. This is how people develop a deeper sense of

understanding for

all objects.

Truth is achieved through the concept and not the object itself. Because many


hold different perceptions, they have many truths to consider, or not to consider. For

example, it would be impossible to determine, whether or not, the cutting of trees is


"good" or "bad." One might have the conception that cutting trees destroys homes for

birds and other animals. Another person might have the conception that cutting trees


necessary to satisfy the need to provide homes for humans. Whatever concept is

understood from the object, may be the truth. Just because there may be other


to this situation, does not mean that there has to be false statements. The tree can be

used for many uses from medicine to paper to boats and none of these views would


wrong. The tree remains to be a tree, but the values of the tree can differentiate,

depending on who is using it.

The conception of God, or the non-conception of God, is another issue that many


make the mistake of trying to prove. A well recognized philosopher, Soren


states, "For if God does not exist it would of course be impossible to prove it; and if he


she] does exist it would be folly to attempt it." Demonstrating the existence or non-

existence of God only produces reasons for belief, not the actual proof that God


Kierkegaard also claims, "...between God and his works there exists an absolute

relationship: God is not a name but a concept"( Kierkegaard 72). The relationship

between man and God is a concept. A person with belief in God, cannot prove its

existence through his or her own relationship with God. Kierkegaard adds again, "The

works of God are such that only God can perform them" We have no basis of proving

God's works, nor do we know what kind of works God uses on different individuals.


some religious groups have made the mistake to try to enforce their own religion upon

different individuals. Some religious groups claim that their religion is the only "true"

religion, which is very untrue. This may be a reason why religion has been a major


in previous wars and movements. The attempt to follow one truth, instead of freely

allowing individuals and societies to follow their own truth, has led many people into

frustration and hostility.

All concepts are so dynamic that the truth that one believes may appear to be


A person may believe that television promotes violence in kids, exposes the use of

profanity, and stupidity. Another person my believe that television may be educational

because the exposure of all these problems will form into understanding. Although


may be perfectly true to each other, the two issues are found to be to be contradictory.

The disagreement does not make the other statement false, but establishes another


If each of the blind men spend less time on proving his own account and spend

more time understanding the different truths that exist, they may discover that all

perceptions of the elephant can be taken into consideration. The men may discover


the elephant is a great living pillar, a great snake, and like a sharp ploughshare at the


time, or at different times. The blind men may even come to the conclusion that the

elephant may be neither of these. The opinions of the blind men may be constantly in

motion because of the acceptance of the many viewpoints that currently exist and


exist in the future. Although the elephant may stay the same, opinions about it may

change and adapt.

Works Cited

Bowie, Lee G., Michaels, Meredith W., Solomon, Robert C. Twenty Questions "An

Introduction to Philosophy. Harcourt Brace & Company, 3rd ed. Kierkegaard 72- 75

Handout. Traditional Parable

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