Caesar has Ceased
Yesterday a tragedy occurred. The great ruler Julius Caesar is
dead. It was said that the Senate, led by Brutus and Cassius stabbed
Caesar to death upon his entrance into the Senate. They acted upon
this according to the Roman Law which says "Anyone who plotted to
become king could be killed without trial." The Senate claimed that
this was their reason for their actions.
Caesar was born into an aristocratic family in 100. Later on in
his life, he became allies with Pompey(a general) and Crassus(a
dictator). In 59, he was elected consul. Caesar and his two allies ruled
as a triumvirate. Also in 59, Caesar conquered the Celts and brought
them under Roman rule. He also fought the Germanic tribes and
invaded Britain twice. The lower classes looked at him as a hero and
senators saw him as a political threat.
In 50, the triumvirate fell apart because Crassus was killed in a
battle in Asia and Pompey became a rival. Then, in 49, by Pompey
and Senate's orders, Julius Caesar was ordered to give up the army
and return to Rome. He refused to give in to his enemies and
assembled 5,000 loyal troops and led them across the Rubicon.
Rubicon is a stream that divided military provinces from Roman Italy.
By not listening to Senate, Caesar knew a war was going to happen.
Caesar triumphed over all of Italy and forced out Pompey and
his Allies. The war continued to move eastward. The war ended in 48,
when Caesar's troops beat Pompey in Pharsalus, Greece. He then took
absolute power over the government. He granted Roman citizenship
to people outside Italy provinces, created social reforms to benefit the
poor, and provided jobs for the unemployed. Public works programs
were set up and slave owners were ordered to hire free laborers.
Colonies were formed to provide land for the poor. Caesar invented a
new calendar which was named in honor of him. It was called Julian in
Caesar had made many Roman laws while he was dictator. One
of which read: "Anyone who plotted to become king could be killed
without trial". A group of senators, led by Brutus and Cassius acted
upon this law. They stabbed Caesar to death while entering the
After his death, 18 year old Octavian joined with Marc Antony
and Marcus Lepidus to form a second triumvirate. They defeated
Caesar's assassins in 42. They then divided the Roman empire
between the three of them. Octavian took Italy and the west, Antony
took Greece and the east, and Lepidus took North Africa. Octavian
forced Lepidus to retire, and Antony moved on to marry the queen to
Egypt, Cleopatra. Octavian persuaded that Antony planned to rule
with the foreign queen by his side. He then declared war on Antony in
Rome's name. As a result of this, Antony and Cleopatra committed
suicide in Egypt. Octavian then took over and started the Roman
The world is greatly saddened by this tragedy. Julius Caesar was
a great man and his memory will live on forever. This day, March 15,
44 B.C., will be remembered for years to come. All his achievements
have greatly impacted our society. I believe they will in the years to
come as well.