Chicago-style Bibliography

Most works written about History and other humanities fields follow Chicago style when citing sources. Documents written in Chicago style use in-text superscript numbers referring to endnotes or footnotes along with a more elaborate list in a Chicago-style Bibliography at the last page of the work. Here are the basic guidelines in citing sources when making a Chicago-style Bibliography page:

  • Bibliography denotes the sources’ page in a Chicago-style document. Bibliography should be typed at the center of the first line.
  • The page has one-inch margins on all sides.
  • Every entry begins on the left, aligned with the margin. The additional lines are half an inch from the left margin.
  • Each entry should be in single-space and observe double-space between entries. This will depend on the instruction of your professor.
  • Bibliography is a general term; Chicago-style Bibliography specifically pertains to reference page/works cited page/bibliography in Chicago-style.

Here are examples of how to cite sources in Chicago style, depending on the type of document that needs to be cited. From traditional sources to non-traditional sources, just scroll down and pay attention. All images contain the various formats with which to apply Chicago style.                                                                               

Images and Photographs

When citing an image, here’s what you do. You may use the style that you used for the book/article where you found it. If there is a photographer, substitute their name in place of the author. If the image or photograph has caption, use it in place of the book/article. Observe quotation marks and proper capitalization. Do not forget to include the page where it is located:                       


Citing works of art in Chicago style depends on how you accessed it:                           


Italicize the name of the publication where the cartoon is published regularly (magazine, newspaper, website).                 


Citing an interview starts with the name of the person being interviewed:                       

Online Multimedia

When citing online multimedia, include the date of publication or the day when you accessed it along with its URL. If you wish to cite the multimedia of a performance, indicate its exact date. Include the length and format (e.g. video).